NewsAdobe Experience ManagerTechnological innovation “trumps” politicsnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Tobias Schmidt, ETH ZurichTechnological innovation, often induced by national and sub-national policies, is a key driver of global climate and energy policy ambition and action. Donald Trump’s decision to pull out of the Paris Agreement will hardly affect this trend. Sorkine-Hornung wins Rössler Prizenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggComputer scientist Olga Sorkine has won this year’s Rössler Prize for her work in the field of computer graphics. The prize comes with a research award of CHF 200,000. eyes have itnoemail@noemail.orgClaudia HoffmannPatients with age-related retinal disease need regular injections in the eye. At the moment, these must be given by specially trained medical doctors, but a robot may well handle this task in the near future.“We have to seize this opportunity”noemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenDigitalisation is leading to profound changes in more and more areas of life. For ETH President Lino Guzzella, it is clear that these changes present a huge opportunity for Switzerland, as the country offers the ideal conditions in which to build a competitive digital industry. Daint is a world leadernoemail@noemail.orgAnna Maltsev, Felix WürstenAfter an extensive hardware upgrade at the end of last year, the CSCS supercomputer Piz Daint is now the most powerful mainframe computer outside Asia. With a peak performance in excess of 20 petaflops, it will enable pioneering research in Switzerland and Europe. new view of the worldnoemail@noemail.orgClaudia NaegeliThe Swiss World Atlas has been published in a completely revised new edition. In addition to the usual topographic relief maps, it also contains maps on current global issues such as the environment, energy and conflicts. is awash in datanoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliGenomics, digital patient files and real-time health surveillance – never before have we had access to so much health data. Three ETH researchers explain how they extract relevant information from this sea of data and the potential benefits for personalised medicine. stabilisationnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH researchers led by Lucio Isa have developed microparticles with a rough, raspberry-like surface that stabilise emulsions following a new principle. for Zurich biomedicinenoemail@noemail.orgNorbert StaubThe Helmut Horten Foundation has supported Zurich’s medical hub for many years. Now, a new donation to ETH will enable the strengthening of the Zurich-Ticino “health axis”. fire blight and detecting Salmonellanoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH researchers have created an effective weapon against the plant disease fire blight and a new method for detection of Salmonella. Both are based on particular viruses that attack only one species of bacteria. by computersnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminETH Professor Martin Vechev is automating computer programming: he is one of the first researchers ever to teach computers how to write their own software. This makes him one of the founders of a new field of research that is growing rapidly. membrane creates a stir on the global marketnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH Professor Raffaele Mezzenga and his senior researcher Sreenath Bolisetty have developed a filter membrane that efficiently removes heavy metals and other toxic substances from water. Strong demand for the new technology has encouraged them to set up a new ETH spin-off, BluAct Technologies. Swiss Research in Asianoemail@noemail.orgMarianne LucienETH Zurich to serve as the Leading House for Swiss Science and Technology programme in the Asia-Pacific region. Leading Houses establish and manage international research collaboration instruments on behalf of the State Secretary for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI). concepts, fewer factsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH biology lecturers have tested secondary school leavers and students to determine their knowledge of biological concepts. And they have drawn some sobering conclusions: many misunderstand the concepts, such as the importance of chance in biology. Now, the lecturers are taking action. forces in the food systemnoemail@noemail.orgEduardo Pérez, ETH ZürichDigitalisation is drastically changing the agro-food sector. Though this is not the first time that we face technological disruption, the speed and scale of change is greater than ever before. How can we move forward responsibly? killer cells take out tumoursnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminThe use of immunotherapy to treat cancer is celebrating its first successes – but there are still many knowledge gaps in the underlying mechanisms of action. In a study of mice with soft tissue tumours, ETH researchers have now shown how endogenous killer cells track down the tumours with the help of dormant viruses. research toolsnoemail@noemail.orgClaudia HoffmannAt the age of 29, biotechnologist Randall Platt has already achieved a lot: more than 1,000 research laboratories around the world use a method that he developed. But he is also the family man who recently took on a professorship at ETH. man with cities on his mindnoemail@noemail.orgFranziska SchmidVittorio Magnago Lampugnani hasn't just written definitive reference works on urban planning and shaped a generation of ETH architects; he has also run numerous projects of his own. Now, the charismatic Chair for the History of Urban Design is about to retire. on microbial communitiesnoemail@noemail.orgA research project by ETH Zurich, MIT with other US universities will receive 15 million US dollars in funding from the New York-based Simons Foundation. Over the next five years, researchers will investigate how microbial communities are organised and function, with a focus on the oceans. view of a molecular toxin transporternoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminTransport proteins in the cells of our body protect us from particular toxins. Researchers at ETH Zurich and the University of Basel have now determined the high-resolution three-dimensional structure of a major human transport protein. In the long term, this could help to develop new medications. showcase their practical skillsnoemail@noemail.orgInken de WitIn the focus projects, teams of mechanical engineering students can put their theoretical knowledge into practice and develop new technological solutions independently over the course of two semesters. ETH News caught up with two teams that are developing an innovative wind power plant and an incubator for skin cells. frequency measurementsnoemail@noemail.orgOliver MorschAccurate measurements of the frequencies of weak electric or magnetic fields are important in many applications. Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a procedure whereby a quantum sensor measures the frequency of an oscillating magnetic field with unprecedented accuracy. how neurons communicate noemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliThe ETH spinoff MaxWell Biosystems AG develops microelectrode platforms for electrophysiological tests on nerve cells, opening up new possibilities for pharmaceutical research. Now, the company received CHF 130,000 in starting capital from the Venture Kick initiative voltage for tomorrow's particle acceleratornoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminOn behalf of CERN, researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a high-tech device for the production of extremely precise, high voltage pulses that could be used in the next generation of particle accelerators. love for the common speciesnoemail@noemail.orgChristoph Küffer, ETH ZürichThe key instrument in the protection of species – the red list– is a register of particularly rare species. The principle is that the rarer a species, the more urgent are the measures to prevent its extinction. However, this distracts from the fact that Nature should be rich in common species. trust and intelligence in a digitalised worldnoemail@noemail.orgMarianne LucienETH Meets New York to explore Blockchain technologies, machine learning, and artificial intelligence with academia and industry. In two public symposia, we discovered how these disruptive technologies change the way we engage an increasingly digitalised world. new professorsnoemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamThe ETH Board appointed 15 new professors upon application of ETH President Lino Guzzella. model created from images alonenoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminETH scientists have combined millions of images and videos into a three-dimensional, living model of the city of Zurich. The new technology has many possible applications – for example, it can analyse where and when pedestrians are on the move and parking spaces become free. and curiousnoemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenAs Professor of Particle Physics, Felicitas Pauss played a key role in the discovery of the Higgs boson. Tomorrow, she will be honoured with the Richard Ernst Medal. changes in extreme precipitationnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggAn ETH study explores why the increase in extreme precipitation is not the same across every region. This paves the way toward improved regional climate projections. laser is enoughnoemail@noemail.orgOliver MorschGases in the environment can be spectroscopically probed fast and precisely using so-called dual frequency combs. Researchers at ETH have now developed a method by which such frequency combs can be created much more simply and cheaply than before. Lectures take a look under the microscopenoemail@noemail.orgMichael KellerUsing a trick with the optical resolution limit, Stefan W. Hell managed to break through the diffraction barrier in light microscopy, making it possible to obtain high-resolution images of the innermost workings of life. The chemistry Nobel laureate will now deliver this year’s Pauli Lectures at ETH Zurich. crust thanks to the right mixturenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggFor the first time, ETH scientists have successfully recreated the formation of continental crust in the Archean using a computer simulation. The model helps us to better understand processes that took place three to four billion years ago. households could save energynoemail@noemail.orgNina Boogen, ETH ZürichEfficient use of electricity is central to Energy Strategy 2050. But how much electricity-saving potential do Swiss households actually have? And which factors influence this efficiency? technology in the fourth dimensionnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminScientists use the term 4D printing to refer to the simple production of objects that can transform their shape at different times. Researchers at ETH Zurich have now taken this approach one major step further by developing a construction principle that can produce load-bearing and predictable structures. does trust work on the internet?noemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerA secure and reliable internet generates trust. Just how the internet creates trust is a matter for debate between ETH computer scientists and social scientists – for example, in a public session on 9 May 2017.'s left of the warming pausenoemail@noemail.orgIselin Medhaug, ETH ZürichAfter two years of record-breaking temperatures, the global warming pause – and public interest along with it – has melted away. Scientists’ failure to engage with the media led to a fierce public debate about the end of climate change that now appears to have been a storm in a teacup. of a pioneer’s adventuresnoemail@noemail.orgGiulia AdagazzaWalter Mittelholzer is one of the most sought-after photographers in the ETH Bibliothek’s Image Archive. Photographs taken on his flying expeditions to Africa and Persia are now presented in a new book. <i></i> stories of survivors and life after the Holocaustnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerThe &quot;Last Swiss Holocaust Survivors&quot; exhibition, which opens today at the ETH Zurich Archives of Contemporary History, tells the stories of how fourteen eyewitnesses survived the Holocaust and then went on with their lives.The<i> </i> exhibition has been extended until 15 June 2017. geniusnoemail@noemail.orgRoland BaumannCornelius Senn, a measurement engineer in the Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering (D-BAUG), and his post-doctoral colleague Silvan Leinss have developed a new reflector for radar measurements. The underlying mechanism, however, has many possible applications and could revolutionise furniture construction, for example. of Annual and Sustainability Reportsnoemail@noemail.orgMichael KellerThe ETH Zurich 2016 Annual Report provides an overview of the most important achievements, developments and events at the University over the past year, and is published alongside the 2015/2016 Sustainability Report. multitaskernoemail@noemail.orgInken De WitDeveloping new things together and effecting change – that's what gets Moritz Mussgnug out of bed in the morning. The mechanical engineer manages to juggle his doctoral thesis with a startup and a project to optimise the production of walnut oil for people in Nepal. novel form of iron for fortification of foodsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggWhey protein nanofibrils loaded with iron nanoparticles: ETH researchers are developing a new and highly effective way of fortifying iron into food and drinks. Ice Age displaced the tropical rain beltnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggEven small changes in global temperature can trigger a migration of the tropical rain belt. This can also lead to climate change, as described by a team of researchers from ETH Zurich and other universities. variety? Eat buckwheat!noemail@noemail.orgProf. Achim Walter, ETH ZürichWhat will it take to make our agroecosystems more diverse and secure? Take buckwheat, for example – an ancient grain-like plant with considerable potential. It's not related to cereals, yet produces storable seeds and can taste anything from deliciously tart to bitter. provide a safer loginnoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsA start-up formed by a group of IT specialists at ETH has come up with a simple and user-friendly way to enhance network security. The Futurae team has already won 130,000 Swiss francs start-up capital from Venture Kick. remain unpredictablenoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminThe way that nanoparticles behave in the environment is extremely complex. There is currently a lack of systematic experimental data to help understand them comprehensively, as ETH environmental scientists have shown in a large overview study. A more standardised approach would help to advance the research field. up diarrhoea pathogensnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggResearchers have clarified how vaccinations can combat bacterial intestinal diseases: vaccine-induced antibodies in the intestine chain up pathogens as they grow in the intestine, which prevents disease and surprisingly also hinders the spread of antibiotic resistance. to know ETH's top talentsnoemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamPatrons of the Excellence Scholarship and Opportunity Programme (ESOP) got to know scholarship students at yesterday's Meet the Talent 2017. cooling effect of agricultural irrigationnoemail@noemail.orgWim Thiery, ETH ZürichPreviously, scientists have suggested that agricultural irrigation affects mean climate in several regions of the world. New evidence now shows that this cooling influence is even more pronounced when it comes to climate extremes. lifelong fascination with planetsnoemail@noemail.orgBarbara VonarburgWatching Star Trek as a child first inspired Judit Szulágyi’s fascination with planets and galaxies. Today Forbes ranks the astrophysicist among Europe’s 30 most influential scientists under the age of 30. Watch as she explains how she uses computer simulations to research the birth of giant planets – and how she decided on this career path in the first place. construction using long-forgotten techniquesnoemail@noemail.orgClaudia HoffmannResearchers at ETH Zurich’s Department of Architecture (D-ARCH) have developed a concrete floor system that does not require steel reinforcement and is 70 percent lighter than conventional concrete floors. Their design was inspired by historical construction principles. research underminednoemail@noemail.orgProf. Reto Knutti, ETH ZürichThe about-face in US climate policy may amount to little more than a small step backward in fighting climate change, but it is a worrying attack on science itself. A report from the US. theory has no gendernoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerÖzlem Imamoglu has been fascinated by the hidden properties of numbers since she was a child. The ETH professor is also committed to helping more women pursue careers in mathematics. ETH department is well established in Baselnoemail@noemail.orgTen years ago, ETH Zurich established its first and only department outside Zurich: the Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering in Basel. ETH will soon expand its outpost. The construction of a new department building on the Schällemätteli campus will bring it right next to the University of Basel. instead of quantum dotsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggA team of researchers led by ETH Zurich professor David Norris has developed a model to clarify the general mechanism of nanoplatelet formation. Using pyrite, they also managed to confirm their theory. of the brain affected by autism detectednoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggBrain researchers at ETH Zurich and other universities have shown for the first time that a region of the brain associated with empathy only activates very weakly in autistic people. This knowledge could help to develop new therapies for those affected by autism. responds to industry noemail@noemail.orgClaudia NaegeliAt the symposium “The Global Energy Challenge – A Corporate View”, representatives of international companies will present their energy strategies and visions for the future, while researchers from ETH Zurich evaluate the strategies from a scientific point of view. Christian Schaffner, Executive Director of ETH Zurich’s Energy Science Center and organiser of the symposium, explains this novel format. Award for fundamental researchnoemail@noemail.orgInken De WitETH Professor Sabine Werner and her team won the Spark Award 2017 yesterday for their groundbreaking new approach to combating viral diseases. If their results can be confirmed, they could lead to the development of better treatments for viral diseases such as herpes. for future data storagenoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminAn international team of researchers led by chemists from ETH Zurich have developed a method for depositing single magnetisable atoms onto a surface. This is especially interesting for the development of new miniature data storage devices. awakens sleepersnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggThe inflammatory response that is supposed to ward off pathogens that cause intestinal disease makes this even worse. This is because special viruses integrate their genome into <i>Salmonella,</i> which further strengthens the pathogen. among the bestnoemail@noemail.orgETH researchers have received eight of the coveted Advanced Grants in the European Research Council's (ERC) latest call for proposals. For several scientists, this is their second such grant. ETH Zurich has been consistently ranked among the most successful institutions since the programme was launched ten years ago. donorsnoemail@noemail.orgDonald TillmanThe ETH Zurich Foundation has an impressive year to look back on. As detailed in the foundation’s latest annual report, a total of 500 new donors became supporters of ETH Zurich in 2016. morals do intelligent machines have and need?noemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerSometimes it’s the questions, rather than the answers, that show how the world is changing. For example, questions about the moral consequences of machines and computers becoming more intelligent. A group of ETH students have tackled this issue. innovation in space noemail@noemail.orgGiulia AdagazzaThe ESA BIC Switzerland programme is starting its second round with seven additional start-ups. Amongst others, the jury was won over by &quot;IRsweep&quot;, a spin-off from ETH and Empa. Using a spectrometer that utilises infra-red laser radiation, the startup wants to make environmental analysis from space more precise. Spaldin receives L'Oréal-Unesco For Women in Science awardnoemail@noemail.orgAnna MaltsevETH Professor Nicola Spaldin will today be honoured for her revolutionary research in the field of materials science. In Paris, she is set to receive the L'Oréal-Unesco For Women in Science award for Europe, which carries prize money of 100,000 euros. meteoroidsnoemail@noemail.orgBarbara VonarburgWhen a meteoroid travels in space, solar radiation leaves distinctive imprints on its outer layer. Together with colleagues, ETH researcher Antoine Roth has developed novel analytical techniques to detect these imprints, allowing the team to reconstruct meteorites’ space journeys. with the usersnoemail@noemail.orgNicol Klenk, Florian MeyerAn app for building managers – or data glasses that help you learn physics concepts? During the first &quot;SPH Innovation Challenge&quot;, ETH students spent a week working on their own project ideas. Set up as a pilot station in autumn 2016, the Student Project House on the Hönggerberg campus provided the necessary space and resources. for the origin of freshwater in the oceannoemail@noemail.orgAlexander Haumann, ETH ZürichOn the third and final stage of the Antarctic circumnavigation, the expedition travels to remote islands and through a conveyor belt of icebergs before reaching Cape Town, its port of destination. Alex Haumann talks about his impressions, the changing water cycle, and its important role for Earth’s climate system. inclusions mapped in high-resolution and in 3Dnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminUsing a nano-tomography method, material scientists have succeeded in localizing hydrogen inclusions within a structural metal in 3D for the first time. This was made possible by a uniquely modified measurement method developed at ETH Zurich. dream of building bridgesnoemail@noemail.orgThe French geologist Matthieu Galvez is one of the winners of the Branco Weiss Fellowship 2016. We discuss how he will be using this fellowship, how it will benefit him and why he chose a career as a researcher. plankton cope with turbulencenoemail@noemail.orgMicroscopic marine plankton are not helplessly adrift in the ocean. They can perceive cues that indicate turbulence, rapidly respond to regulate their behaviour and actively adapt. ETH researchers have demonstrated for the first time how they do this. fuel for future computersnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminIn the future, a new type of tiny redox flow battery will supply tightly packed electronic components with energy, while also dissipating the heat they produce. biological diversity in agriculturenoemail@noemail.orgDr. Melanie Paschke, ETH ZürichFrom the wealth of agricultural biodiversity in Switzerland, only a few old fruit and vegetable types find their way to the major distributors. However, these old crops could help overcome the genetic bottleneck in farming. professors appointednoemail@noemail.orgRedaktionThe ETH Board appointed three new professors and awarded the title of Professor to five recipients upon application of ETH President Lino Guzzella magnetic fields for photonsnoemail@noemail.orgOliver MorschLight particles do not usually react to magnetic fields. Researchers at ETH Zurich have now shown how photons can still be influenced by electric and magnetic fields. In the future that method could be used to create strong artificial magnetic fields for photons. insight into the workplace of tomorrownoemail@noemail.orgMeryem RiahiCould we soon be working alongside robots? Treffpunkt Science City will focus on this and other questions at the Experience Sundays dedicated to &quot;Working in the World 4.0&quot;. app that saves children's livesnoemail@noemail.orgClaudia HoffmannIn remote villages in Peru, pneumonia is one of the most common causes of death in children. Now researchers from ETH Zurich are in the process of developing an app to help identify the illness early on. is bombarded at randomnoemail@noemail.orgBarbara VonarburgAsteroids don’t hit our planet at regular intervals, as was previously thought. Earth scientists from ETH Zurich and Lund University in Sweden have reached this conclusion after analysing impact craters formed in the last 500 million years, concentrating on precisely dated events. languages on the Hönggerberg campusnoemail@noemail.orgNicol KlenkLanguage courses in books and on DVD, foreign language films and game evenings in the language you are learning – the new Self-Access Centre on the Hönggerberg campus, which was recently opened by ETH Rector Sarah Springman, offers all this and more. us out!noemail@noemail.orgCorinne JohannssenSmartphones, not identification keys; biodiversity, not species memorisation: Environmental scientists’ field trips are now a lot more practical. The fact that they can go on field trips at all comes down to the students’ own persistence. as a key competencynoemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenData collection and analysis is becoming increasingly important in today’s world. This is particularly true for the economic and societal development of poorer nations. That’s why mathematical education in these countries is in urgent need of improvement, as was shown at Wednesday’s Science and Development Forum. &quot;heart&quot; for CERN's CMS experimentnoemail@noemail.orgMarianne LucienCERN’s CMS experiment – one of the detectors at the Large Hadron Collider received a new heart today – a pixel detector much like a high-speed digital camera that snaps images up to 40 million times per second. and liquid at the same timenoemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenWhen matter is cooled to near absolute zero, intriguing phenomena emerge. These include supersolidity, where crystalline structure and frictionless flow occur together. ETH researchers have succeeded in realising this strange state experimentally for the first time. at ETHnoemail@noemail.orgRoland BaumannETH Zurich received a visit from one of Switzerland’s most famous comic book heroes this morning. While his latest book was presented to media professionals and members of the book trade, Globi entertained a group of around 30 children who had received an exclusive invitation to the event. ceramics without a kilnnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminETH material scientists have developed a new method of manufacturing ceramics that does not require the starting materials to be fired. Instead, they are compacted under high pressure at room temperature in a significantly more energy-efficient process. Google to map our ecosystemnoemail@noemail.orgMarianne LucienResearchers in the Singapore-ETH Centre’s Future Cities Laboratory developed a method to quantify ecosystem services of street trees. Using nearly 100,000 images from Google Street View, the study helps further understanding on how green spaces contribute to urban sustainability. ordinary day on an extraordinary expeditionnoemail@noemail.orgIris Thurnherr, ETH ZürichGood weather and lack of pack ice allow Akademik Treshnikov to travel to Mount Siple on the Ross Sea Coast before completing the second stage of the expedition. Iris Thurnherr reports on daily routines and exceptional situations during her fourteen-week stay on the research vessel. Councillor Berset visits the Disney labnoemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamFederal Councillor Alain Berset was invited by Lino Guzzella to visit ETH Zurich on Friday. Berset seemed very impressed by what he saw at the Disney Research Zurich research laboratory. proteins collapse earliernoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggSome organisms are able to survive in hot springs, while others can only live at mild temperatures because their proteins aren’t able to withstand such extreme heat. ETH researchers investigated these differences and showed that often only a few key proteins determine the life and heat-induced death of a cell. Masters for young studentsnoemail@noemail.orgETH Zurich’s Collection of Prints and Drawings is celebrating its 150th anniversary this year. To mark this occasion, it is not only opening up its extraordinary collection and displaying selected treasures, it is also focusing on attracting a younger audience and intensifying collaboration with ETH researchers. deficiency promoted by climate changenoemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamAs a result of climate change, concentrations of the trace element selenium in soils are likely to decrease. Because the selenium content of crops may also be reduced, the risk of selenium deficiency could be increased in many regions of the world. This was shown by a recent study which used data-mining to model the global distribution of selenium. cannot be taught; it must be learnednoemail@noemail.orgInken de WitETH President Lino Guzzella welcomed Alexander van der Bellen to the University on Friday, where the Austrian President was shown how ETH is encouraging innovation. reconstruction of teethnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH Zurich researchers and Disney Research have produced a new algorithm that allows non-invasive reconstruction of the teeth and gums from digital photos. to the base of the food chainnoemail@noemail.orgDr. Gregory De Souza, ETH ZürichOn the second leg of the journey around the Antarctic, the research vessel Akademik Treshnikov sets out from Tasmania to the frozen edge of Antarctica, before heading on eastwards to Chile. An oceanographer, whose knowledge of the Southern Ocean was previously limited to theory, blogs from on board. is not good enough for reforestationnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminIf degraded and logged areas of tropical forests are left to nature, the populations of certain endangered tree species are not able to recover. This applies in particular to trees with large fruit where the seeds are distributed by birds, as ETH scientists have shown in a rainforest in India. by deceptionnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminTheoretical physicists from ETH Zurich deliberately misled intelligent machines, and thus refined the process of machine learning. They created a new method that allows computers to categorise data – even when humans have no idea what this categorisation might look like. into underground urban heat islandsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggCities are heat islands – not only above ground but below ground too, and therein lies the enormous potential to better harness this energy through geothermal heat exchangers. A group of researchers demonstrated this in a case study conducted in the city of Zurich. complexitynoemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenQuantum systems consisting of many particles are a major challenge for physicists, since their behaviour can be determined only with immense computational power. ETH physicists have now discovered an elegant way to simplify the problem. and data science as future focusesnoemail@noemail.orgMedicine and data science are top priorities for the ETH Zurich Executive Board. Initiatives such as the new Bachelor’s degree course in medicine, new continuing education programmes or the return of the Cybathlon in 2020 demonstrate that ETH wants to use its knowledge more directly for the good of society. assessmentsnoemail@noemail.orgRoland BaumannHow someone learns depends largely on how they are assessed. To help ETH retain its leading position in the education of young talent, about 100 educational decision makers from ETH Zurich attended a two-day retreat on the topic of assessment. organisms with a massive impactnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggAlthough diatoms are incredibly small, they have a significant impact on the dispersal of nutrients and trace elements in global marine waters. This is the conclusion of a study recently published in the scientific journal “<i>Nature Geoscience</i> ”. the dividenoemail@noemail.orgETH Zurich and EPFL are creating a National Center for Data Science to foster innovation in data science, multidisciplinary research and open science. Today, the inauguration of the Swiss Data Science Center (SDSC) is taking place in Bern. conflict be predicted?noemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminModern data science techniques can also be useful in conflict research. However, in an essay published in the journal Science, Lars-Erik Cederman, Professor of International Conflict Research at ETH Zurich, suggests that certain expectations regarding the predictability of armed conflict are unrealistic. ETH News caught up with him for a chat. energy forecasts often failnoemail@noemail.orgDr. Jochen Markard, ETH ZürichPlayers in the energy industry and the policy domain often depend on forecasts. A closer look reveals that these predictions sometimes fall wide of the mark. Underestimating innovation dynamics is one reason why. – Essential to successnoemail@noemail.orgMarianne LucienETH Zurich is the most international university in the world. This recognition from the Times Higher Education World University Rankings emphasises the value and importance of international exchange for academia, the economy, and society. feedback is essential, especially for complex technologynoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerEnvironmentally friendly, low-carbon energy technologies are needed to achieve global climate targets. Tobias Schmidt’s research examines the interaction between public policy and carbon-reducing innovations in the energy sector. He will present his findings at the world’s largest science conference, the AAAS, in February. doors in Asianoemail@noemail.orgNorbert StaubBoth science and Swiss businesses are benefiting from the ETH science hub in Singapore. The newly founded Switzerland Technology Impact Platform (STIP) is helping Swiss SMEs to gain a foothold in Asia. For Remo Burkhard, Managing Director of the Singapore-ETH Centre, STIP offers an opportunity to link research with practice, which is in everybody’s interests. sensor for artificial skinnoemail@noemail.orgOliver MorschThe capacity to detect temperature changes is an important function of the human skin. Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a highly sensitive and, at the same time, flexible temperature sensor, which could soon be used in prosthetic limbs and robotic arms. skis on the slopesnoemail@noemail.orgMeryem RiahiETH Zurich held a ski workshop for undergraduate students for the first time. Over a six-week period, the participants built their own sustainable skis, from designing them on the computer to testing them out on the slopes.“We need a decentralisation of the Internet”noemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenTim Berners-Lee, the father of the World Wide Web, has had a substantial impact on our lives. While his invention was a resounding success and the Internet has developed unexpectedly fast, he is anything but satisfied with today's situation. down Swiss potato wastagenoemail@noemail.orgChristian Willersinn; ETH ZürichWorldwide about a third of all food gets lost before it reaches our stomachs. For Swiss potatoes this is even more – half of the total harvest. Which measures can reduce the loss, and what effect do they have? of a catastrophic landslidenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggDramatic developments have been documented at the Aletsch glacier, where the ice has retreated at such a pace that an adjoining slope has also started to move rapidly. With the help of a unique dataset, researchers are able to demonstrate a direct connection between the ice loss of the Aletsch glacier and the slippage of the Moosfluh slope. winds on Île de la Possessionnoemail@noemail.orgIris Thurnherr, ETH ZürichOn their expedition around the Antarctic, Iris Thurnherr and Pascal Graf visit various subantarctic islands in the Southern Ocean that host unique ecosystems. The researchers are collecting samples in order to learn more about the water cycle. Zurich at WEF 2017 in Davos: “Magic through Technology”noemail@noemail.orgRainer BorerETH Zurich is presenting its latest research findings in a public exhibition at the World Economic Forum 2017. ETH’s début WEF appearance was launched with a meeting with politicians, public authorities and businesspeople from the canton of Grisons. in the year 2050noemail@noemail.orgInken De WitHow will digitalisation, artificial intelligence and robotics change the world of work? This question was discussed by numerous experts from business and academia at the “Global Talent Summit” before an audience of more than 300 in the Audi Max room at ETH Zurich. ultrafast light source in a laboratory formatnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerResearchers at ETH Zurich and the University of Geneva have succeeded for the first time in using a laboratory X-ray source to demonstrate how two highly fluorinated molecules change within a few quadrillionths of a second, or femtoseconds. chromosomes through the shreddernoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminWhen a certain human enzyme is left uncontrolled, it breaks up chromosomes into tiny pieces. This is damaging to cells, but useful for killing tumours. ETH researchers have now come to understand the underlying mechanism. storage for our citiesnoemail@noemail.orgUeli Wieland, ETH ZürichGeothermal probes and heat pumps provide an effective alternative to oil heating, but they aren’t suitable for use in densely populated areas where probes in close proximity extract too much heat from the ground. However, using probes for heat storage as well could unlock their considerable potential. a simple way to great complexitynoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminETH microbiologists have succeeded in showing that nature produces one of the most complex known bioactive natural products in a staggeringly simple way. The molecule originates from bacteria living in sea sponges. In future, it may be possible to produce the agent very easily using biotechnology, making it an interesting avenue for cancer research. their own companies with timber and robotsnoemail@noemail.orgThere were 25 spin-offs founded at ETH Zurich last year – equalling the record number from 2015. The university’s broad range of research topics is also reflected in these new companies. highly paid award in the field of medicinenoemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamETH structural biologist Nenad Ban is to be awarded one of Europe’s most highly paid prizes in the field of medicine: he is set to receive the Ernst Jung Prize for Medicine 2017 for his description of the atomic structure of cellular protein production machinery. enables new insights into chemical reactionsnoemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamResearchers from ETH Zurich and the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) have developed a novel method which may speed up the search for optimal catalytic processes. peas improve soil fertilitynoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggBy planting pigeon peas alongside maize, African farmers can improve the soil and their own nutritional intake. This was the conclusion of a field trial in Malawi by Gina Garland, an ETH doctoral student. Antarctica in our backyardnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Jaboury Ghazoul, ETH ZürichAntarctica has a new marine reserve, while here in Switzerland voters recently missed the chance to create Parc Adula. While we protect whales we’ll never see, let us not forget the animals and plants in our own unnaturally still woods and fields. and other disastersnoemail@noemail.orgFranziska SchmidTimothy Prior and Florian Roth of the “risk and resilience” team at the Center for Security Studies (CSS) will be appearing as experts on SRF theme day on blackouts. The two researchers work in the field of disaster management, resilience, and risk and crisis communication. ETH News wanted to know about the state of readiness in Switzerland. world record followed by a world premierenoemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamA new world record for acceleration, a timber roof built by construction robots, and a unique competition for people with disabilities: in 2016, research and campus life at ETH Zurich were dominated by innovation and premieres. warming disrupts fish stocksnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggThe global catch of fish would largely benefit from achieving the 1.5°C global warming target. This is the conclusion of the study recently published by climate researchers from ETH Zurich and the University of British Columbia in the journal <i>Science</i> . flying for a yearnoemail@noemail.orgChristoph Küffer, ETH ZürichScientists fought energetically to set climate goals, and now they must act. And this is where flying is an ideal test opportunity: public awareness already exists, technical solutions are unlikely, and giving up flying requires innovation from the scientific community. discussions during classesnoemail@noemail.orgGiulia AdagazzaFor students, the end of the autumn semester marks the beginning of an intensive period of lecture revision. New forms of teaching such as flipped classrooms promote independent student learning during the semester. In the Department of Biology, this teaching method is being particularly encouraged. <i></i> ETH projects fundednoemail@noemail.orgThree ETH Zurich researchers have received ERC Consolidator Grants from the European Research Council (ERC). Their projects will each receive approximately 2 million Swiss francs in funding. of the sexesnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggHow the differences between the sexes evolve depends not only on which parts of the genome are sex-specifically active. The question also arises concerning the sex in which such changes take place. ETH researchers demonstrate this using a closely related pair of plants. forces purify the bloodnoemail@noemail.orgAstrid TomczakEvery five seconds, someone in the world dies from blood poisoning. Hemotune, a young start-up founded by ETH researchers, is developing a revolutionary blood purification system to address this problem. can densify at Hönggerbergnoemail@noemail.orgThe City Council has approved ETH’s Campus Hönggerberg 2040 masterplan. This updates the existing masterplan and serves as a planning basis for the future development of the Hönggerberg campus. secret to good teachingnoemail@noemail.orgGabriela D'HondtETH Professor John Lygeros has won the CS Award for Best Teaching. The award winner is constantly developing innovative teaching concepts – and his students love it. our sea legs on the Southern Oceannoemail@noemail.orgDoktorand Pascal Graf, ETH ZürichA research team from ETH Zurich is taking part in an expedition around the Antarctic. Its aim: to investigate the Southern Ocean’s water cycle. On board are Iris Thurnherr and Pascal Graf, who will be reporting on their experiences. chance to ordernoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerIn Nymphenburg on Friday, the ETH probabilist Wendelin Werner was awarded the Heinz Gumin Prize, the highest-value mathematics prize in Germany. But what does this have to do with a journey, a public transport map, and human emotions? professors appointed at ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgRedaktionUpon application of ETH President Lino Guzzella the ETH Board appointed a total of eight professors and awarded the title of professor to one individual. benefits of plant breedingnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Achim Walter, ETH ZürichIn the midst of today’s organic food boom and romantic glorification of nature, plant breeding is in a difficult position: one often forgets that we as humans owe our very survival to the supply of food. Almost nothing that we eat today was originally found in the natural world. weapon against Diabetesnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggResearchers have used the simplest approach yet to produce artificial beta cells from human kidney cells. Like their natural model, the artificial cells act as both sugar sensors and insulin producers. proliferationnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggBacteria able to shed their cell wall assume new, mostly spherical shapes. ETH researchers have shown that these cells, known as L-forms, are not only viable but that their reproductive mechanisms may even correspond to those of early life forms. of media tech initiativenoemail@noemail.orgETH Zurich will establish a professorship and new centre for media technology together with media companies Tamedia, Ringier and the NZZ Media Group. The centre aims to better integrate research and practical applications and to help the Swiss media sector make use of technological advances. in cutting-edge researchnoemail@noemail.orgSimone GohlSwitzerland’s credentials as a research location have been enhanced with a major new facility: the SwissFEL X-ray free-electron laser was put into operation at the PSI yesterday. ETH researchers are among those expecting to use the system to gain insights into hitherto hidden processes at the molecular and atomic level. increases water resistancenoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminButterfly wings are a prime example of how flexible and elastic materials can be extremely water-repellent. The relationship between elasticity and water resistance has now been described for the first time by researchers at ETH Zurich. The new finding could help to improve water-repellent textiles for use in tents or clothing. and algae in place of beef and chickennoemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenConventional livestock farming alone cannot meet the world population’s growing demand for protein. Alexander Mathys, Professor of Sustainable Food Processing, is seeking out the most sustainable alternatives. start-up to global market leadernoemail@noemail.orgRoland BaumannSensirion and GetYourGuide: two ETH spin-offs in entirely different market sectors, but both highly successful. Their common denominators? Fruitful business ideas, entrepreneurs with the courage to venture into new territory – and the support of the right employees. magnetic field sensingnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminScientists have developed a highly sensitive sensor to detect tiny changes in strong magnetic fields. The sensor may find widespread use in medicine and other areas. businesses are good process innovatorsnoemail@noemail.orgJulia WegnerSwitzerland’s economy is facing some tough challenges: technologies are developing rapidly, processes are being amalgamated both inside and outside production facilities, and business units are becoming increasingly interconnected. This means businesses need to constantly adapt. The issue has been taken up by researchers from the Chair of Strategic Management and Innovation and from the KOF Swiss Economic Institute, both at ETH Zurich. approaches to efficient catalysisnoemail@noemail.orgBill Morandi of the Max Planck Institute for Coal Research will be awarded the Ruzicka Prize 2016. The ETH Zurich alumnus has succeeded in developing new catalytic concepts that could lead to improved efficiency in medical chemistry and materials science, as well as improved safety in industrial processes. in the name of sciencenoemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenQuantum mechanics can be entertaining: anyone with a few minutes to spare for a video game on 30 November can do their bit to help solve a fundamental question of physics that was once argued over by Albert Einstein and Nils Bohr. ETH Professor Andreas Wallraff explains what the Big Bell Test is all about. coloursnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminA team that includes ETH Zurich scientists is the first to use materials with a network-like structure to create a full spectrum of intense colours. The principle has long existed in nature: for example, in the colourful plumage of a particular species of bird in South America. award for ETH building technologynoemail@noemail.orgRoland BaumannETH researchers have received this year’s Swiss Technology Award for their technology “Mesh Mould”, winning the most important Swiss prize for innovation and technology transfer in the “Inventors” category. conservation as landscape architecturenoemail@noemail.orgChristoph Küffer, ETH ZürichConservationists must learn to design the ecological landscape of tomorrow instead of mourning lost nature. Landscape architecture can serve as a model for this. from yeastnoemail@noemail.orgMaja SchaffnerResearchers at ETH Zurich have produced starch in yeast - the first time this has been achieved in a non-plant organism. The new model system now makes it easier for them to investigate how starch is formed and what role is played by the enzymes involved. In future, it may be possible to use yeast to trial specific modifications of starch. years of the Archives of Contemporary Historynoemail@noemail.orgIsabelle HeroldWhat began as a student initiative has today become one of Switzerland's most distinguished archives. Time for a quick retrospective and a glimpse into the digital future. courage of one’s convictionsnoemail@noemail.orgAt ETH Day, Rector Sarah Springman explained how it is more important than ever for the university’s educational goals to draw on the ideals of the Enlightenment, and laid out the new teaching concepts that she intends to use to achieve this. In his own address, Roche CEO Severin Schwan emphasised the significance of researchers’ autonomy in a country’s capacity to innovate. aweigh and off to the Antarctic!noemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggThe research ship Akademik Treshnikov is due to set sail for Cape Town tomorrow, transporting researchers and equipment for a major Antarctic circumnavigation expedition. ETH Zurich is also on board. Call to Environmental Actionnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Jaboury Ghazoul, ETH ZürichIn the aftermath of the US election, and the consequent precariousness of the Paris climate agreement, it seems particularly apposite to revisit Dürer’s vision – a little more than 500 years since its creation and with a new layer of contemporary interpretation. hydropower can deal with sedimentsnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Robert Boes, ETH ZürichSediments get deposited in storage lakes and increase the erosion of hydraulic turbines. To keep hydropower plants operational for as long as possible, researchers are developing new methods of monitoring sediments in real time. diet disrupts brain maturationnoemail@noemail.orgThe latest study by researchers from ETH Zurich and the University of Zurich suggests that excessive consumption of fatty foods could severely disrupt the development of the prefrontal cortex in the maturing brains of young people. This could potentially lead to cognitive defects in later adulthood in areas such as learning and memory, personality and impulse control. the frontier of quantum physicsnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminThe ETH Zurich Latsis Prize 2016 goes to ETH physics professor Jonathan Home. He studies the frontier between quantum and classical physics using individual charged atoms that he controls with high precision. power: where to next?noemail@noemail.orgDoktorand Thomas Geissmann, ETH ZürichSwitzerland’s electricity companies, and in particular the operators of its nuclear power plants, are in poor financial shape. Regardless of the outcome of the Nuclear Withdrawal Initiative, the funding required for dismantling and disposal raises issues of state redistribution. startups ready for ESA BIC launchnoemail@noemail.orgA twing (“kite”) that produces next generation wind energy, solar cells that are twice as efficient as conventional products, and frequency combs that increase the data capacity of fibre optic cables by a factor of 200 – these are the three startups selected for the new ESA BIC Switzerland programme. encountersnoemail@noemail.orgGabriela D'Hondt & Giulia AdagazzaVisitors are flocking to Treffpunkt Science City. Around 3,600 captivated visitors attended the Sunday Special “Die Roboter sind los” (Robots on the loose) to see ETH Zurich's various robotics projects in action. The event gave guests a chance to not only learn and marvel at these innovative technologies, but also to do some experiments themselves. the beginning was the predictionnoemail@noemail.orgDr. Erich Fischer, ETH ZürichIt often seems that climate phenomena occur unexpectedly and are explained only retrospectively. However, the relationship between rising CO<sub>2</sub> concentration and an increase in heavy precipitation has been predicted decades ago, but not confirmed by robust observational evidence until recently.’s magnetic field under the ‘simulation magnifying glass’noemail@noemail.orgSimone UlmerEarth’s magnetic field has reversed direction hundreds of times in the course of our planet’s history. But the cause of those reversals remains unclear. 4 million CPU hours of simulations on the ‘Piz Daint’ supercomputer at CSCS offer fresh clues that point to a phenomenon called ‘dynamo waves’ playing a possible role. pioneer in advanced engine researchnoemail@noemail.orgClaudia NaegeliRolf Reitz is a pioneer when it comes to internal combustion engines. The foundations he has laid have led to cleaner, more efficient engines. The Professor Emeritus from the University of Wisconsin will be giving this year's Aurel Stodola lecture. opportunity for the university district and ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerZurich’s central university district continues to take shape. A joint press conference was held today by the canton and city of Zurich, University Hospital, the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich to provide information on the planning status. This follows the decision by the cantonal Committee for Planning and Construction (KPB) to transfer management of the structure plan to the broader Cantonal Parliament. What does the overall plan mean for ETH Zurich? to students who passed their first-year examsnoemail@noemail.orgGabriela D'HondtOver the past two days, all students who passed their first-year exams have been rewarded with a hoodie. And just like last year, the Rector was on hand to present some hoodies in person. for innovative cell culture technologynoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminResearchers at ETH Zurich have developed a new cell culture method, which may very well enable to forgo certain tests on animals in the future. The scientists were awarded an international prize for more humane treatment of laboratory animals. are the facts?noemail@noemail.orgProf. Reto Knutti, ETH ZürichThe fur is flying in the US presidential campaign, and facts are getting “trumpled” underfoot. A report on the mood in the US – and an appeal for fact-based, solution-oriented public discourse: the only true foundation for our opinions as members of a knowledge society. on the heels of quasiparticlesnoemail@noemail.orgOliver MorschElectrons in a solid can team up to form so-called quasiparticles, which lead to new phenomena. Physicists at ETH in Zurich have now studied previously unidentified quasiparticles in a new class of atomically thin semiconductors. The researchers use their results to correct a prevailing misinterpretation., cocoa beans and chocolatenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggCocoa from Latin America tends to show higher cadmium levels than cocoa from other growing areas. ETH researchers have been investigating the underlying cause in Honduras and Bolivia. 3D printed from foamsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH researchers have used an additive manufacturing process to print an extremely porous ceramic component. Manufacturing a material of this kind with a 3D printer is a considerable achievement. climate change may (in)directly affect usnoemail@noemail.orgProf. David Bresch, ETH ZürichClimate risks in distant countries affect us too: in a globalised world, if China’s breadbasket falls victim to drought, Switzerland may also feel the consequences via the supply chain. Adapting to climate change isn’t just the local issue it’s generally thought to be. planets like Jupiter formnoemail@noemail.orgBarbara VonarburgYoung giant planets are born from gas and dust. Researchers of ETH Zürich and the Universities of Zürich and Bern simulated different scenarios relying on the computing power of the Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (CSCS) to find out how they exactly form and evolve. to the World 4.0!noemail@noemail.orgGiulia AdagazzaSelf-driving cars, talking robots and intelligent houses: the autumn edition of the Treffpunkt Science City series begins next Sunday and will focus on everyday life in the World 4.0. supplements in the fight against leadnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggTargeted iron supplements in biscuits can achieve a striking reduction in the level of lead in children’s blood in regions with high exposure to this toxic heavy metal. This has been demonstrated for the first time by an ETH-led research group in a study of schoolchildren in Morocco. phytoplankton in zero gravitynoemail@noemail.orgMichael KellerSwiss researchers have used a parabolic flight to investigate the effects of weightlessness on biological and physical processes. On board was an experiment from ETH Zurich designed to understand the influence of gravity on the migratory behaviour of aquatic microorganisms. of Slovakia visits ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgInken De WitOn Friday, ETH President Lino Guzzella received the President of Slovakia, Andrej Kiska, and Swiss Federal President Johann N. Schneider-Ammann at the Hönggerberg campus. The Slovak president was accompanied by a science and business delegation. greater mobility mean more and more traffic?noemail@noemail.orgDoktorand Raphael Fuhrer, ETH ZürichThe rapid transport of people and goods is both a growing demand as well as an economic necessity. The price we pay for it is an ever-increasing volume of traffic. When it comes to tackling this dilemma in the future, it’s worth taking a look at the past. cyborg bacteria developednoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminETH scientists have constructed bacteria in which growth can be controlled fully automatically by a computer. The interface between computer and bacteria is based on red and green light. The approach could help to optimise the biotechnological production of molecules.“Collaboration has never been as close as it is today”noemail@noemail.orgSimone UlmerThis week, the Swiss National Computing Centre (CSCS) in Lugano celebrates its 25<sup>th</sup> anniversary. Christoph Schär, ETH professor with the Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, was there from the very start. In the following interview, he describes how supercomputers have developed over this period. with Volkmar Falknoemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenRiding the Polybahn from Central up to ETH Zurich with Professor Volkmar Falk, head of the project Zurich Heart: he tells us in a new Polybahn Pitch why Zurich offers an unique opportunity to build the artificial heart of the future. weighty silence to clamorous applausenoemail@noemail.orgVanessa BleichThe first ever Cybathlon took place a week ago in the sold-out Swiss Arena in Kloten. Founder Robert Riener takes stock. resilience through diverse land stewardsnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Adrienne Grêt-Regamey, ETH ZürichBiodiversity has been shown to increase the resilience of ecosystems to global change. But what fosters the resilience of socio-ecological systems? We have shown that in order to build and maintain resilient mountain landscapes, we need not only a diversity of species, but a diversity of land stewards. employees do not hold back on cynical behaviournoemail@noemail.orgEvery fourth employee regards promises made by the company they work for as having been broken and every third is not satisfied with their relationship to their superior and with their co-workers. This is shown by the current results of the Swiss Human Relations Barometer of the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich. the inflammation in lymphedemanoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminETH researchers have discovered that certain cells in the immune system suppress the development of lymphedema. Anti-inflammatory therapies could therefore be the key to treating this previously incurable condition. unique competition takes offnoemail@noemail.orgThe very first Cybathlon in the world took place today. The event was completely sold out: some 4,600 visitors packed into the SWISS Arena Kloten to support the 66 teams from various countries. The pilots pitted their skills in six disciplines and demonstrated most impressively how novel technologies can assist people with disabilities in their daily life. aims to extend high profile research on skinnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminA new interdisciplinary, large-scale project from the &quot;Hochschulmedizin Zürich&quot; network focuses on skin research in Zurich. This will help the city to become a world-leading centre of research in this field. systems go for the Cybathlon noemail@noemail.orgInken De WitMore than 70 teams from 25 countries will compete in the Cybathlon tomorrow, Saturday 8 October. The competitors are gradually arriving in Zurich, armed with high-tech gadgets and full of energy and excitement. In addition to victory at the Cybathlon, all are hoping that the assistive technology will soon be further improved. alumnus becomes head of real estatenoemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamAs of 1 March 2017, Daniel Bucheli will take over as Director of ETH Zurich's Public Real Estate Management Division. He has degrees in architecture and management from ETH Zurich.<i></i> of Nobel prize theorynoemail@noemail.orgCorinne JohannssenTwo years ago, ETH physicist Tilman Esslinger experimentally realised a theoretical model of a new material with unusual properties in his laboratory. Today, the father of the model received the Nobel Prize. Energy – A Community Effortnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Stefan Wiemer, ETH ZürichHow to use the Earth’s interior heat in an economically successful and sustainable way? Switzerland is considering this question in its Energy Strategy 2050, and Europe also sees geothermal energy as a part of the future energy mix. The international project DESTRESS will evaluate methods and feasibility. students tackle waste problemsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggAn unusual study project with tangible benefits: ETH students work on solutions to the urgent waste problem on the island nation of the Seychelles, along with their counterparts from the University of Seychelles and representatives from the local authorities and government. forces with oscillationsnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminResearchers at ETH Zurich have discovered a peculiar feature in oscillations similar to that of a child‘s swing. As a result, they have succeeded in outlining a novel principle for small, high-resolution sensors, and have submitted a patent application for it. animal welfare, a green economy and climate changenoemail@noemail.orgProf. Anthony Patt, ETH ZürichIn terms of direct democracy, the US state of Massachusetts is similar to Switzerland. A recent statewide initiative dealing with animal welfare and sales regulation provides an interesting parallel to the past Swiss initiative for a green economy, and Swiss climate policy more generally. professors appointed at ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsUpon application of the President of ETH Zurich, Professor Lino Guzzella, at its meeting of 28/29 September 2016 the ETH Board appointed nine professors and took note of the resignation of 3 professors and thanked them for their services. glacier collapse in Tibet noemail@noemail.orgDr. Silvan Leinss, ETH ZürichGiant ice avalanches caused by catastrophic glacier failures are rare events. The collapse of two neighbouring glaciers within two months – as just witnessed in Tibet – was never seen before. The timely analysis of satellite images enabled scientists to issue a warning prior to the second collapse. test of strengthnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminBiological cells can expand, contract and interact with neighbouring cells. With an advancement in a microscopy technique, ETH Zurich researchers can now readily, directly, and accurately determine which forces are at work during cell motion and where. The technique is used in areas such as cancer research. down the barriers in our mindsnoemail@noemail.orgInken De WitWhat role does technology play in equality for people with disabilities? Experts and scientists have been discussing this question in the run-up to the world’s first Cybathlon at ETH Zurich., the lock keepernoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH researchers have discovered a molecule in liver cells that controls the release of fat into the bloodstream. This “lock keeper” is present in large quantities in overweight people and leads indirectly to vascular narrowing. processes in the blink of an eyenoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerUltrafast processes beyond the human imagination occur in nature, but basic research has been able to measure and explore them only since the turn of the millennium. A book and an exhibition by the National Centre of Competence in Research Molecular Ultrafast Science and Technology (NCCR MUST) now connect this to everyday life by inviting you on a journey into time. how to walknoemail@noemail.orgInken de WitAt first glance, exoskeletons conjure up images of futuristic robots from science fiction films. But the exoskeleton from the ETH team VariLeg is a real-life aid that could allow people with paraplegia to walk again. Pitch with Elsbeth Sternnoemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenElsbeth Stern, Professor for Research on Learning and Instruction, explains in a Polybahn Pitch why physics is a difficult school subject and why it may be worth familiarising children with its basic concepts at an early age. night-storms over Lake Victorianoemail@noemail.orgDr. Wim Thiery, ETH ZürichLake Victoria in East Africa is known to be stormy at night, with thousands of fishermen dying each year. New evidence suggests that the lake will become a real hotspot for hazardous thunderstorms in the future due to climate change. But improved storm warnings could be on the way. brightly on the European stage noemail@noemail.orgSix young scientists from ETH Zurich are to receive ERC Starting Grants. The European Research Council offers these grants to support talented young researchers as they embark on their academic careers. The selected projects come from several different ETH research areas. on constructionnoemail@noemail.orgThe Arch_Tec_Lab demonstrates how digitisation can contribute to resource-efficient, compact and emissions-free construction. Six professors from ETH Zurich have pooled their research approaches and developed a prototype of the innovative building together. on top levelnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggThe university ranking list season draws to a close with the release of the THE Ranking. ETH Zurich maintains its position in the top ten at ninth place. Time to take stock. we go!noemail@noemail.orgSimon ZoggWorld-class education, lifelong friendships, and excellent job prospects: first-semester students at ETH have high expectations. microdoctors in our bodiesnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliETH researchers are developing tiny, sophisticated technological and biological machines enabling non-invasive, selective therapies. Their creations include genetically modified cells that can be activated via brain waves, and swarms of microrobots that facilitate highly precise application of drugs. to robot: &quot;move, please&quot;noemail@noemail.orgRoland BaumannUsing the power of thought to control a robot that helps to move a paralysed hand: a project from the ETH Rehabilitation Engineering Laboratory could fundamentally change the therapy and daily lives of stroke patients. ideas flownoemail@noemail.orgInken De WitWater was the focus of ETH Week 2016. For the second edition of this week-long event, ETH Zurich called on bachelor's and master's students from all departments to approach a subject creatively and develop collective solutions. in the ocean – a risk to ecosystems?noemail@noemail.orgDr. Thomas Frölicher, ETH ZürichMarine ecosystems are responsible for about half of global annual primary production and more than one billion people rely on fish as their primary protein source. Latest studies show that enormous warm water bubbles in the ocean are having a noticeable impact on ecosystems. How should we interpret these changes? litmus test of fairnessnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggFor example, lay people think that the sickest patients and those on waiting lists should be treated first, while ethicists – and to some degree medical professionals – tend to have a different set of priorities. This is the conclusion of a study by ETH researchers investigating the principles that apply to the fair allocation of scarce medical resources. numbers of studentsnoemail@noemail.orgOn Monday, 2,843 undergraduates are expected to start their studies at ETH Zurich. The total number of students at the university and the number of applications for master’s degrees will both reach a record high in the new semester. Zurich wins competition for ESA start-up programmenoemail@noemail.orgETH Zurich was awarded the contract by the European Space Agency (ESA) for the ESA Business Incubation Centre Switzerland. The initiative was launched by the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation. It supports selected young start-ups with a connection to space technologies. in chainsnoemail@noemail.orgOliver MorschThe electronic energy states allowed by quantum mechanics determine whether a solid is an insulator or whether it conducts electric current as a metal. Researchers at ETH have now theoretically predicted a novel material whose energy states exhibit a hitherto unknown peculiarity. structures from the primordial soupnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminExperiments performed by ETH scientists have shown that it is remarkably easy for protein-like, two-dimensional structures – amyloids – to form from basic building blocks. This discovery supports the researchers’ hypothesis that primal life could have evolved from amyloids such as these. there decisive answers to undecidable questions?noemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerUnsolvable problems, the nature of the infinite and the question of whether and how mathematics can be definitively substantiated – these issues are the focus of the Bernays Lectures 2016. The speaker for this year’s honorary lectures at ETH Zurich is W. Hugh Woodin, Professor of Philosophy and Mathematics at Harvard University. future of plant breedingnoemail@noemail.orgDr. Johannes Fütterer, ETH ZürichPeople began to domesticate wild plants more than 10,000 years ago. Since then, we have been breeding crops in order to make them more resistant and to increase yields. New techniques now make it possible to modify genetic material precisely, which raises questions that our society must discuss and try to answer. and ETH are setting up a commission of inquirynoemail@noemail.orgOver the past few weeks, serious doubt has emerged regarding figures featuring in several Molecular Biology publications. medicine at ETHnoemail@noemail.orgRoland BaumannBeginning in autumn 2017, ETH Zurich will be offering 100 places on its Bachelor’s degree course in medicine, an innovative course that combines medicine with natural sciences. meets sciencenoemail@noemail.orgInken De WitA record number of visitors attended this year’s Industry Day. Around 550 representatives from industry and business met with scientists for a lively debate on the Hönggerberg. New research findings and networking were the order of the day. humanities perspective on natural sciences and technologynoemail@noemail.orgFlorian Meyer‘Science in Perspective’ is the name of a new study programme at ETH Zurich that will teach students of natural sciences and engineering the overarching normative, historical and cultural perspectives of their subject. simulations of wind power generationnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH researcher Stefan Pfenninger and his colleague Iain Staffell from Imperial College London have developed new multi-decade simulations of wind power production in Europe. In doing so, they have uncovered significant distortions in the data used in the past, and have produced fresh simulations of wind power output with country-specific corrections.ürre im Sommer 2015 in Mitteleuropanoemail@noemail.orgDr. René Orth, ETH ZürichWährend das Wetter in der Schweiz in diesem Sommer eher durch heftige Unwetter von sich reden macht, war der Sommer letzten Jahres von einer markanten Dürre geprägt. Das schleichend wachsende Niederschlagsdefizit brachte der Schweiz 2015 beinahe mediterranes Klima, aber auch wirtschaftliche Schäden. of the Southern Ocean noemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggOver the past decades, the northward drift of sea ice surrounding Antarctica has strengthened. This not only has increased the extent of the sea ice, but also has freshened the sea water around the sea-ice edge — with as yet indeterminate consequences for the global climate system and Antarctica’s ecosystem. force to stifle dialoguenoemail@noemail.orgLino Guzzella, President of ETH ZurichIn a comment on ETH News, ETH President Lino Guzzella is strongly disapproving the attack on a plant breeding congress. leader with good instinctsnoemail@noemail.orgNorbert StaubETH’s sixth annual togETHer staff party was held on Friday, 26<sup>th</sup> August. It was also a very special occasion for Lorenz Hurni, Professor of Cartography, who was presented with the Golden Tricycle award in recognition of his skill in fostering an optimum balance between work and family life. Arik Jung, President of the Academic Association of Scientific Staff at the ETH Zurich (AVETH), presented him with the award. at the speed limitnoemail@noemail.orgOliver MorschElectronic components have become faster and faster over the years, thus making powerful computers and other technologies possible. Researchers at ETH Zurich have now investigated how fast electrons can ultimately be controlled with electric fields. Their insights are of importance for the petahertz electronics of the future. delicate balancing act of research fundingnoemail@noemail.orgChristoph Küffer, ETH ZürichMany people see privately funded research as a threat to academic independence, but this is an incomplete view. Experts with close connections to politics and business are a logical consequence of a knowledge-based society. It is time for a fundamental debate on responsible research partnerships. Pitch featuring Elgar Fleischnoemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenRiding the Polybahn from Central up to ETH Zurich with Elgar Fleisch: the Professor of Information Management at ETH Zurich tells us in a new Polybahn Pitch how the Internet of Things allows the development of better therapies for chronically ill people. patent for oxidised fatnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH researchers have synthesised fatty acids in the laboratory that result from oxidative stress in the body. The laboratory variants turned out to be more potent anti-inflammatories than the natural ones, and have now been patented. stair-climbersnoemail@noemail.orgInken De WitThey have big ambitions: nine students from ETH Zurich and ZHdK are preparing to take on developers from renowned manufacturers and universities from around the world with their &quot;Scewo&quot; wheelchair at the Cybathlon. IT solution to tackle cyber crimenoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliAn ETH spin-off, xorlab, has ambitious plans: it has developed a unique IT security solution that provides more effective protection against hacker attacks. Now the product is about to undergo crucial trials in a real business environment. smaller than thoughtnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsThe deuteron — one of the simplest atomic nuclei, consisting of just one proton and one neutron — is considerably smaller than previously thought. This finding was arrived at by an international research group. low clouds in the tropicsnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminWith the help of satellite data, ETH scientists have shown that low-level cloud cover in the tropics thins out as the earth warms. Since this cloud cover has a cooling effect on the climate, the two-degree warming target may therefore be reached earlier than many models have predicted. aggressive thanks to stronger relationshipsnoemail@noemail.orgWhether young people behave prosocially or aggressively comes down to the kind of relationship they have with their teachers: this is the conclusion of a long-term study conducted by researchers from ETH Zurich and the universities of Cambridge and Toronto. batteries improve safetynoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminResearchers at ETH Zurich have developed a lithium-ion battery made entirely of solid material: it contains neither liquids nor gels. The battery cannot ignite, even at very high temperatures, giving it a safety advantage over conventional batteries. In addition, they allow new forms of battery design. mountain rangesnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggIn the future, people in the Himalayas will have to contend with flooding, while those in the Andes will have longer dry spells and less water. These are the conclusions drawn by ETH researchers, who have used measurement data and climate models to closely examine water balance in both of these mountain ranges. structure absorbs vibrationsnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminResearchers at ETH Zurich have developed a lattice structure capable of absorbing a wide range of vibrations while also being useful as a load-bearing component – for example, in propellers, rotors and rockets. It can absorb vibrations in the audible range, which are the most undesirable in engineering applications. cell fatesnoemail@noemail.orgIsabelle FolAn international team of researchers led by ETH scientists has been studying the factors influencing the development of different blood cells. Their research shows that certain molecular mechanisms are not as relevant as previously assumed. This finding helps to improve our understanding of diseases such as leukaemia and anaemia. the world market with DNA labelsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH researchers Michela Puddu and Gediminas Mikutis founded the company Haelixa in early summer. The company commercializes DNA-based tracers, which are more robust than ever before, for tracking fluids and products. The young entrepreneurs are now looking to enter the oil and geothermal sector. blog’s on holidaynoemail@noemail.orgBlog-RedaktionOur writers are off on a well-deserved summer break until 25 August. We wish all of you a pleasant summer, whether you take a staycation or venture further afield … high-speed motor for satellitesnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggA dizzying 150,000 revolutions per minute: researchers from ETH Zurich (Department of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering) and the ETH spin-off Celeroton have developed an ultra-fast magnetically levitated electric motor for reaction wheels. The high speed of rotation allows intensive miniaturisation of the drive system, making it attractive for use in small satellites. essen: Delikat oder ekelhaft?noemail@noemail.orgDr. Christina Hartmann, ETH ZürichWestliche Kulturen verbinden Insekten eher mit Gefahr und Verdorbenem statt mit Essbarem – obwohl sie nachhaltige Proteinlieferanten wären. Wie können wir Insekten für Europa kulinarisch attraktiver machen, so dass die Menschen ihren Ekel überwinden? muscle diseasenoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminResearchers at ETH Zurich have developed a new marker substance for positron emission tomography (PET) that will allow them to monitor the progression of the degenerative muscle disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in a patient’s brain. professors appointed at ETH Zurich noemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamUpon application of ETH President Lino Guzzella the ETH Board appointed a total of eight professors and awarded the title of professor to one individual. Brandao to head up IT Services at ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerFrom banking to ETH: Rui Brandao will take over as head of ETH’s IT Services from 1 November 2016. The ETH Executive Board has appointed Brandao to succeed Reto Gutmann. the content of single living cellsnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminBiologists are increasingly interested in the behaviour of individual cells, rather than the one of an entire cell population. A new method developed at ETH could revolutionise single cell analysis. The technology uses the world’s smallest syringe to sample the content of individual cells for molecular analyses. on campusnoemail@noemail.orgAs well as being a site of research and teaching, ETH’s Hönggerberg campus is also set to become a place to live. When the semester gets underway in September, some 900 students will move into their new homes right next to lecture halls and laboratories. Akzeptanz für Stromleitungennoemail@noemail.orgAbsolvent Joshu Jullier, ETH ZürichDie Schweiz muss ihr Stromnetz für die Energiezukunft modernisieren, doch Ausbauprojekte stossen auf Widerstand und verzögern sich. Es gibt aber Möglichkeiten, die Akzeptanz der Bevölkerung für neue Übertragungsleitungen zu erhöhen. most irregular puzzlenoemail@noemail.orgFelix WuerstenThanks to a complex interplay between the earth’s mantle and the lithosphere, the earth’s surface consists of tectonic plates of varying sizes. ETH researchers and their colleagues have now developed a numerical model for this relationship. Their model indicates that if the lithosphere had a different rigidity, the earth would look quite different. ship’s engines with the help of virtual sensorsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggA new ETH spin-off, Vir2sense, specialises in the development of virtual testbeds designed to optimise the performance of marine diesel engines. The young entrepreneurs, Christophe Barro and Panagiotis Kyrtatos, hope to sell their product to big shipping companies. teamThe sun is a clean and inexhaustible source of energy. There’s just one outstanding problem: the sun doesn’t always shine and its energy is hard to store. For the first time, researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI and the ETH Zurich have unveiled a chemical process that uses the sun’s thermal energy to convert carbon dioxide and water directly into high-energy fuels. This discovery marks a significant step towards the chemical storage of solar energy. in the light of a breakup noemail@noemail.orgProf. Jaboury Ghazoul, ETH ZürichCoral reefs are vibrant partnerships of corals, microalgae, and bacteria. Apply a little heat, and this community breaks down as the symbiotic algae leave, turning corals pale. On a political level, the Brexit is teaching us the value of partnerships, but the UK’s experience is but a small ripple as compared to that of the world’s coral reefs. for promising ideasnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsLast week the 11th &quot;venture&quot; startup competition drew to a close with an awards ceremony for the submitted projects. The winner in the Business Idea category was theMOFcompany, a startup from ETH Zurich, the Paul Scherrer Institute and the Zurich University of Applied Sciences. and robots set to take their marksnoemail@noemail.orgAt the Cybathlon, 74 athletes from 25 countries will be showing how robotic technology helps them in their daily lives. In 100 days, the starting gun will be fired on the world’s first trial of bionic strength. The Swiss public broadcaster Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen (SRF) will incorporate the Cybathlon into a day of themed programming and broadcast the unique competition live. the way for the treatments of the futurenoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminExperts see great opportunities in the field of personalised medicine, but it will require the widespread exchange of patient data. This is one of the key lessons to emerge from this year’s Latsis Symposium at ETH Zurich. The researchers called on politicians to formulate data protection legislation so that it does not hinder progress in the field of personalised medicine. with the drive to optimisenoemail@noemail.orgMichael KellerShe connects electricity networks and people: Gabriela Hug is Professor of Electric Power Systems – and a sought-after woman. Her research helps make existing electricity infrastructure fit for the energy transition. stationäre Batterien am besten fördern?noemail@noemail.orgDoktorandin Annegret Stephan, Prof. Tobias Schmidt, ETH ZürichFest installierte Batterien können die Energiewende unterstützen, doch sind sie oft nicht profitabel. Eine techno-ökonomische Studie zeigt nun, wie Batterien durch geschickte Kombination verschiedener Anwendungen wirtschaftlicher und in manchen Fällen sogar heute schon profitabel werden könnten. in the sky to monitor cropsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggPlant scientists at ETH Zurich have recently celebrated a world first at the ETH Zurich’s research station in Lindau-Eschikon: the launch of the ETH Field Phenotyping Platform (FIP), a unique crop phenotyping system. This gives researchers an incredibly accurate tool for measuring and monitoring the health and performance of field crops. 2.0noemail@noemail.orgDr. Jochen Markard, ETH ZürichDie Energiewende tritt in eine neue Phase. Es geht nicht mehr nur um den Ausbau erneuerbarer Alternativen, sondern um das Überleben oder den Niedergang bislang dominierender Akteure und Technologien. Dieser Phasenübergang fordert Wirtschaft, Politik und Forschung. of trauma is inheritednoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsBehaviors caused by traumatic experiences in early life are reversible. Researchers from the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich could demonstrate that environmental enrichment allows trauma-related symptoms in mice to be reversed. This is the first evidence that positive environmental factors can correct behavioral alterations which would otherwise be transmitted to the offspring. 0 to 100 in 1.513 secondsnoemail@noemail.orgThe <i>grimsel</i> electric racing car broke the world record for acceleration by an electric car today. The vehicle accelerated from 0 to 100 km/h in 1.513 seconds over a distance of less than 30 m. The record-breaking car was developed by students at ETH Zurich and Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts. flexible format for first-year examsnoemail@noemail.orgMichael KellerFrom next semester, undergraduate students in four departments will be able to take their first-year exams in two separate blocks as part of a pilot project. For the first time, students will be able to sit exams after their first semester and will therefore find out sooner whether they are suited to their course of study. 3D atlas for map lovers noemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggAs of 20 June, users can access the Atlas of Switzerland online and free of charge. For the multi-award-winning map series, this marks the end of the era of offline media. knowledge transfernoemail@noemail.orgMartina MaerkiIn an age of lifelong learning, returning to the classroom over and over is the norm. ETH is no exception, which is why continuing education will be accorded more importance here in future. centre for public governancenoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminETH Zurich is establishing a new centre specialising in public governance. The intention is to fill the gap in the educational programmes currently on offer, and to bolster ETH’s research activity in this sphere. Catering on the Campusnoemail@noemail.orgBastian Flury, ETH ZürichWe usually envision sustainable development in the halls of academia as research and teaching in environmental sciences, engineering and architecture. What we barely think of, however, is food – and food on campus even less. This is what our initiative aims to change. obsession with surfacesnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggThe winner of the Max Rössler Prize 2016 is Christophe Copéret. The chemist focuses on the design of functional materials via a molecular approach, such as solid catalysts, derivatization of microelectronic devices, and developing new imaging techniques to visualise individual particles or track metabolites in the human body. and cheaper materialsnoemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenHigh-performance batteries, luminous semiconductors, sensitive detectors: chemist Maksym Kovalenko is working to develop materials that
are both more powerful and more economical than those we use today. from wood wastenoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminVitamins, medication, solvents, crop protection products and polymers – in future, it will be possible to manufacture many of these from wood waste. The processes will also be at least as cost-effective, environmentally friendly and safe as current oil-based processes. This has been demonstrated by an international team of researchers headed by ETH Zurich scientists. machines learnnoemail@noemail.orgMartina MärkiBig data, artificial intelligence, industry 4.0
– the new opportunities information technologies offer will change the world. Take a glimpse inside the world of researchers who teach machines how to think. of an entire familynoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminBased on comprehensive protein data on mice, researchers at ETH Zurich and EPFL have gained new insights into the mechanism of metabolic disorders. A key factor in their success was the data compiled by the scientists on several different but closely related animals. essen oder nicht?noemail@noemail.orgDr. Isabelle Gangnat, ETH ZürichWer bewusst konsumiert, ist fast täglich mit der Frage konfrontiert, ob tierische Lebensmittel auf unseren Menüplan gehören oder nicht. Eine Orientierungshilfe könnte sein, wie nachhaltig produziert wird. Allein, was eine nachhaltige Tierproduktion bedeutet, ist in der Forschung umstritten. acceptance of gender equality at ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminTwo years after its launch, an evaluation of ETH Zurich’s Gender Action Plan has confirmed a greater awareness of gender equality issues within ETH. However, it will take a while longer before there is a significant increase in the proportion of female students and professors. to the nearest picometrenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggThe European Space Agency (ESA) presented results from its LISA Pathfinder mission in Madrid. The measuring instruments and control electronics, developed for LISA Pathfinder by ETH Zurich Professor Domenico Giardini and his team, are even more precise than expected. The technology is ready for use on the LISA gravitational wave observatory. Herculean task with no ready-made solutionnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliOn Monday, the Energy Science Center at ETH Zurich and the Energy Initiative of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) welcomed guests to a joint symposium in Zurich on the future of global energy supplies. Greater energy efficiency, improved battery performance and the digitalisation of energy systems will make key contributions. at Gottardo 2016 public eventnoemail@noemail.orgRoland BaumannAt the opening of the Gotthard Base Tunnel, ETH Zurich researchers and students from the civil engineering and mechanical engineering departments demonstrated to the audience through practical experiments how new technologies are shaping the future of mobility.’s time to go geothermal!noemail@noemail.orgProf. Domenico Giardini, ETH ZürichSwiss authorities and society at large are actively discussing the national future energy strategy. We have still not solved the basic problem: how will we produce the electricity we need in the near future after the decommissioning of our nuclear power plants? Umgang mit Wasser neu gestaltennoemail@noemail.orgProf. Max Maurer, ETH Zürich/EawagUm Siedlungswasser zu bewirtschaften, leisten sich Industrieländer wie die Schweiz eine komplexe Infrastruktur aus Trinkwasserleitungen, Kanalisation und zentralen Kläranlagen. Doch dieser konventionelle Ansatz ist weder zukunftsfähig noch geeignet für weniger entwickelte Regionen der Welt. hidden treasures and building boatsnoemail@noemail.orgInken De WitCreativity, skill and most of all team spirit are what matter in the innovation and focus projects undertaken in the Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering at ETH Zurich. Students spend months working on their technical innovations, which they will present today in the main ETH building. role of ETH in the Gotthard Base Tunnelnoemail@noemail.orgAstrid TomczakNo tunnel without science: the Gotthard Base Tunnel will be opened officially this weekend. The world’s longest railway tunnel relied on the expertise of dozens of ETH alumni and numerous ETH researchers. Manifesta Pavilion has been anchorednoemail@noemail.orgInken De WitThirty architecture students from ETH Zurich’s Studio Tom Emerson have made their first venture into a large-scale project. After ten months of intensive work, the Pavilion of Reflections is ready on time for the opening of the Manifesta 11 European Biennial of Contemporary Art in Zurich. professors appointed at ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamThe ETH Board has appointed 18 professors at ETH Zurich in accordance with the application submitted by ETH Zurich President Lino Guzzella. as building materials and airfields for dronesnoemail@noemail.orgETH Zurich will present a whole range of projects at this year’s International Architecture Exhibition in Venice. At the invitation of curator Alejandro Aravena, several project groups in which ETH is involved will present their contributions in the main exhibition, exhibit at national pavilions and play an active role in the supporting programme. proofs with pigeons and boxesnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerA principle may be simple, but in mathematics it can be the key to the solution of challenging problems. The pigeonhole principle is a good starting point for students who want to get to know the creative side of proofs. the most out of natural gasnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminETH scientists have discovered a new catalyst that allows the easy conversion of natural gas constituents into precursors for the production of fuels or complex chemicals, such as polymers or pharmaceuticals. The new catalyst is extremely stable and results in fewer unwanted by-products. peachy defence system for seedsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH chemists are developing a new coating method to protect seeds from being eaten by insects. In doing so, they have drawn inspiration from the humble peach and a few of its peers. Lectures devoted to cell logisticsnoemail@noemail.orgMichael KellerCells use a sophisticated parcel service to transport biomolecules to their destination. James E. Rothman discovered the cellular transport system, winning the Nobel Prize for Physiology in 2013 for his work. Next week, he will give this year’s Pauli Lectures at ETH Zurich.ämme statt Gletscher?noemail@noemail.orgDr. Matthias Huss, ETH ZürichDie Alpen und ihre Gletscher sind das Wasserschloss Europas. Schwindet das «ewige» Eis, könnte das Wasser in den Sommermonaten knapp werden. Warum nicht die abnehmende Speicherwirkung der Gletscher mit neuen Stauseen kompensieren? IT festival for everyonenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggOn 3 and 4 June, businesses, government bodies and research institutions will be opening their doors: On the first ever IT Days, the canton of Zurich will be showcasing its status as a centre for information and communication technology. ETH Zurich will also be there. Award for new SAP architecturenoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerFor ETH Zurich, lean and efficient resource and financial processes are essential. And now, for the transition of its personnel and finance databases to a state-of-the-art SAP HANA database, the university has been presented with the Innovation Award from software manufacturer SAP Switzerland. Pitch featuring Gerd Folkersnoemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenRiding the Polybahn from Central up to ETH Zurich with Gerd Folkers: the former director of the Collegium Helveticum tells us in a new Polybahn Pitch why, as head of the Critical Thinking Initiative, he is questioning existing structures in the academic world. as a driver of climate change concernnoemail@noemail.orgDr. Vivianne Visschers, ETH ZürichA recent US survey suggested that, in shaping our attitude toward climate change, values are more important than our understanding of the issue. We reassessed this counterintuitive finding and showed that knowledge is indeed a driver of climate change concern, thus supporting the need to inform the public. man who builds robotic animalsnoemail@noemail.orgAstrid Tomczak-PlewkaHe develops walking robots that move like living creatures: Marco Hutter is an Assistant Professor at the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems and a fellow of the Society in Science. One day his machines might be able to carry out the menial and dangerous work human beings would rather avoid. used to play by different rulesnoemail@noemail.orgBarbara VonarburgETH researchers studying how stars are formed in distant galaxies have made an unexpected discovery: a correlation that exists today between the proportion of heavy chemical elements in a galaxy and the rate at which new stars are formed in this galaxy did not apply 10 billion years ago. This observation helps scientists understand how galaxies with their stars and planets were formed over billions of years. zum CO2-armen Energiesystemnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Konstantinos Boulouchos, ETH Zürich Die Schweizer Energieversorgung steht vor einem Umbruch. Es braucht nicht nur Ersatzkapazitäten beim Strom, wenn die Kernkraftwerke vom Netz gehen. Auch gilt es, die Bereiche Heizen und Verkehr zu elektrifizieren. Wie kann die Schweiz die Lücke schliessen, und wo sollte sie erneuerbaren oder CO<sub>2</sub> -armen Strom prioritär einsetzen? drift created biologically diverse coral reefsnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminAn international research team has studied the geographical pattern of the evolution of corals and reef fish. Their findings show that today's geographical distribution of tropical marine diversity is the result of 100 million years of Earth history and the continental drifts that shifted the position of shallow reef habitats. Transitland Schweiz noemail@noemail.orgDr. Lea Haller, ETH ZürichDie Schweiz ist ein rohstoffarmes Binnenland – und dennoch Drehscheibe für den globalen Rohstoffhandel. Bereits im 19. Jahrhundert waren Schweizer Handelsfirmen weltweit tätig. Was nach langer Tradition aussieht, ist allerdings die Geschichte eines radikalen Wandels. of coloured 3D models simplifiednoemail@noemail.orgResearchers at ETH Zurich and Disney Research Zurich have developed a new technique called Computational Thermoforming. It enables them to manufacture plastic replicas of digital 3D models, in which the shape and colour are reproduced in detail. This technique extends the range of digital fabrication methods and represents an efficient and cost-effective alternative to colour 3D printing. ETH Zurich Secretary General announcednoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerKatharina Poiger Ruloff will take over as ETH Zurich Secretary General from 1 October 2016. The Executive Board has announced her as the successor to the current Secretary General, Hugo Bretscher. pop-up restaurant on the Polyterrassenoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsFive ETH Zurich alumni will be operating a temporary restaurant in front of ETH Zurich’s main building from 9 May to 5 June. They will be bringing research findings into the kitchen with their innovative dishes.;Investing to streamline construction processes&quot;noemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamSwiss construction group Implenia will be involved in establishing a new assistant professorship for innovative and industrial construction at ETH Zurich. In an interview with ETH News, Implenia CEO Anton Affentranger explains why his company is offering its financial backing and highlights why clear rules and transparency are so important when it comes to research funding. Meboldt is honoured for an innovative teaching conceptnoemail@noemail.orgInken De WitFor the first time, ETH Zurich has presented its KITE Award for innovative teaching concepts. The university recognised ETH Professor Mirko Meboldt for his “Innovation Project” and “Leading Engineering Projects and Coaching Design Teams” courses. funding for four ETH professorsnoemail@noemail.orgFour researchers from ETH Zurich have been awarded the prestigious ERC Advanced Grants. Over the next five years, their projects will receive about CHF 12.7 million in funding from the European Research Council. Annual Report publishednoemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenETH’s new 2015 annual report is here. Appearing for the first time in an expanded format, it offers a comprehensive overview of the events, achievements and developments that have shaped the past year at ETH. the Sea Coconut and vanishing habitatsnoemail@noemail.orgDoktorandin Emma Jane Morgan, ETH ZürichThe Seychelles archipelago in the western Indian Ocean is home to the Coco de Mer, a legendary palm tree that grows the biggest seeds in the world. These have been highly prized for centuries and still are popular tourist souvenirs today. But can the Coco de Mer flourish in the face of adversity? United States absorbed carbon dioxide despite a droughtnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggResearchers have shown that the warm spring of 2012 in the US caused plants to absorb more carbon, thereby compensating for reductions during the subsequent summer drought. meets opportunitynoemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamThis Tuesday, “Meet the Talent 2016” will give patrons the chance to get to know scholarship students and learn more about their research projects. Rector Sarah Springman explains what she is hoping for from the event. Collection of Prints and Drawings is to have a new headnoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsFarewell after 24 years: Paul Tanner, head of the Collection of Prints and Drawings at ETH Zurich, is retiring. His successor, Linda Schädler, will take over the position on 1 May. meets Californianoemail@noemail.orgMarianne LucienETH Zurich unraveled the mysteries of science and technology in a series of public gatherings held in San Francisco and the Bay Area called, &quot;ETH Meets California&quot;. The events focused on raising awareness and strengthening ETH Zurich's ties in the region. die Erneuerbaren wirtschaftlich bringennoemail@noemail.orgKlaus Ragaller, SATWDas Abkommen von Paris ist ein Meilenstein für den Klimaschutz; doch was bedeutet es aus ökonomischer Sicht? Laut der Internationalen Agentur für Erneuerbare Energien können Investitionen in Erneuerbare ein spürbares globales Wachstum und eine Vielzahl neuer Stellen schaffen. researchers print wild robotic beingsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggResearchers at ETH Zurich, Disney Research Zurich, and Carnegie Mellon University have developed a software tool that empowers average users to design custom robotic creatures and their movements. in the pharmaceutical industrynoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggA Nobel prizewinning idea bears entrepreneurial fruit: an ETH Pioneer Fellow is applying knowledge about G-protein-coupled receptors to market a novel process for testing drugs. creation of huge quantum states with oscillating ionsnoemail@noemail.orgOliver MorschFor years physicists have strived to control the quantum states of atoms or molecules very accurately. Researchers at ETH Zurich have now established a record for the size of  quantum states generated with massive particles. Their technique could be used to make quantum computers faster. on researching in Singaporenoemail@noemail.orgRoland BaumannSince 2010, ETH Zurich has forged strong links in Singapore. The Future Cities Laboratory at the Singapore-ETH Centre started recently on its second phase. Reason enough for the &quot;Globe&quot; magazine to take a look at the Swiss research in the city state. Schwarm stromproduzierender «Heizungen» für die Energiewendenoemail@noemail.orgDr. Gil Georges, ETH ZürichEine zentrale Herausforderung der Energiewende ist es, die schwankende Stromproduktion aus erneuerbaren Quellen auszugleichen. Eine Machbarkeitsstudie zeigt nun für drei Schweizer Kantone auf, wie ein Verbund von Wärme-Kraft-Kopplungsanlagen kurzfristige Engpässe überbrücken und Gebäude mit Strom und Wärme versorgen kann. methane rather than flaring itnoemail@noemail.orgChemists at ETH Zurich and the Paul Scherrer Institute have found a new, direct way to convert gaseous methane into liquid methanol. This offers industry the interesting prospect of using the gas, rather than simply burning it off, as is currently the case. lead to disasternoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggWhy are volcanologists interested in vapour bubbles? Because they can accumulate in a magma reservoir underneath a volcano, priming it to explode. Researchers at ETH Zurich and Georgia Institute of Technology have now discovered how bubbles are able to accumulate in the magma. battles in the quantum worldnoemail@noemail.orgOliver MorschIn phase transitions, for instance between water and water vapour, the motional energy competes with the attractive energy between neighbouring molecules. Physicists at ETH Zurich have now studied quantum phase transitions in which distant particles also influence one another. cells from love handlesnoemail@noemail.orgResearchers at ETH Zurich have managed to use a synthetic genetic program to instruct stem cells taken from fatty tissue to become cells that are almost identical to natural beta cells. This brings them a major step closer to a personal repair kit for diabetes sufferers. model for digital agriculturenoemail@noemail.orgProf. Achim Walter, ETH ZürichThe industrialisation of agriculture began some 100 years ago; today we are witnessing its digitalisation. But the wave of Big Data may sweep farmers off their land unless they prepare their fields and mark out a course in good time. Only then can digital agriculture address the right questions. computing power for Swiss researchnoemail@noemail.orgEurope’s most powerful supercomputer Piz Daint is being upgraded, a move that is expected to at least double its computing power. ETH Zurich is investing around CHF 40 million to allow researchers to perform simulations, data analyses and visualisations even more efficiently in the future. Wirtschaftlichkeit der Wasserkraftnoemail@noemail.orgDoktorand Thomas Geissmann, ETH ZürichDie Schweizer Wasserkraft darbt. Die Ursache dafür sind letztlich Verzerrungen im europäischen Strommarkt. Nun diskutiert die Politik Subventionen für die Grosswasserkraft. Allfällige Rettungsaktionen sollten berücksichtigen, dass die Wasserkraftwerke noch Sparpotenzial bei den Kosten aufweisen. moleculesnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminA new method allows scientists at ETH Zurich and IBM to fabricate artificial molecules out of different types of microspheres. The researchers would like to one day use such tiny objects in micro-robots, for photonics and basic biochemical research. about climate change at the “Klimagarten 2085”noemail@noemail.orgDr. Juanita Schläpfer, ETH ZürichClimate change has been communicated as a global concern affecting all of mankind; but this message doesn’t seem to be getting through. If indeed the human brain responds better to experience than to analysis, then climate change must be told as a local and personal story – just as the Klimagarten 2085 exhibition is doing. microprocessornoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminIn future, it will be easier and cheaper for developers at universities and SMEs to build wearable microelectronic devices and chips for the Internet of Things, thanks to the PULPino open-source processor, which has been developed at ETH Zurich and the University of Bologna. for Sustainable Proteinsnoemail@noemail.orgDr. Anna Katarina Gilgen, ETH ZürichProteins are an essential part of a healthy diet, but supplying sustainable and sufficient high-quality protein is increasingly challenging. This is due to population growth, changing dietary patterns in favour of meat on the demand side, and a problematic reliance on unsustainable production on the supply side. method for breast cancer screeningnoemail@noemail.orgInken De WitA radiation-free and painless ultrasound method instead of a mammogram is how Orçun Göksel and Sergio Sanabria would like breast cancer screens to be carried out in the future. The technology developed by the two ETH researchers, which can also detect other diseases, was yesterday awarded the Spark Award 2016. for diagnostics researchernoemail@noemail.orgAstrid Tomczak-PlewkaProteins are important indicators in diagnosing diseases. A young ETH researcher has developed a method by which it is possible to test minute amounts of blood for different proteins in parallel. He has received an ETH Zurich Pioneer Fellowship for his work. Together with a fellow student, he wants to turn his test into a marketable product. with revolutionary potentialnoemail@noemail.orgAstrid Tomczak-PlewkaMicro and nanorobots that attack tumours with maximum precision using drugs: this is what the fight against cancer may look like in the future. A group of ETH researchers led by Salvador Pané are laying the foundations with magnetoelectric-controlled Janus machines. to foot: come in, foot!noemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggInjuries to the spinal cord partially or completely disrupt the neural pathways between the brain and the limbs. The consequences for the representation of the affected limbs in the brain can be drastic. ETH researchers have now measured how severely this representation is affected. Proposalism – the New Modus Operandi in Climate Financenoemail@noemail.orgDr. Tim Reutemann, UNEP-DTUCarbon credits have been the main currency in climate finance for a long time. Now this concept is being replaced by the “Green Climate Fund” – an institution that relies on proposals for assigning budgets to climate problems. Thus Climate Finance adopts the practice of “Proposalism” – where funding is allocated based on the writing and evaluation of proposals.“In collaborative work like this, trust and respect are essential.”noemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliOn 10 and 11 March, a delegation of board members and researchers from South Africa visited ETH Zurich. ETH News spoke to two researchers who have been working together for more than 10 years: Jens Kossmann, Director of the Institute for Plant Biotechnology at Stellenbosch University, and Samuel Zeeman, Head of the Group of Plant Biochemistry at ETH Zurich, explain what goes into making a collaboration across 10,000 km successful. visit to the ETH stand at CeBITnoemail@noemail.orgFranziska SchmidChancellor Angela Merkel and President Johann Schneider-Ammann visited the ETH Zurich stand at this year’s CeBIT. ETH President Lino Guzzella personally introduced the political leaders of Germany and Switzerland two recent examples of ETH research. ingredient has positive influence on drug efficacynoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminColon cancer cells that are pretreated with an ingredient found in cruciferous vegetables are more likely to be killed by a cancer drug that is currently in development, found ETH scientists. This is one of only a few examples of a food ingredient that, in moderate amounts, has a positive influence on the efficacy of a cancer drug. control for genetic sequencingnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminGenetic sequencing is in widespread use today, but until now has not been accurate enough to identify an antibody immune response. Now, thanks to a new control system based on genetic barcodes, the technique is far more reliable – and ready for use in the development of vaccines and antibody drugs. Pitch featuring Robert Rienernoemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenRiding the Polybahn from Central up to the ETH Zurich main building with Robert Riener: the Professor for Sensory-Motor Systems at ETH Zurich tells us in a new Polybahn Pitch, why ETH Zurich is organising the Cybathlon, a competition for people with disabilities. professors appointed at ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamThe ETH Board has appointed ten professors at ETH Zurich in accordance with the application submitted by ETH Zurich President Lino Guzzella. the flying machines of the futurenoemail@noemail.orgMarianne LucienAs flying machines become more common-place in our everyday lives, their related technologies are poised to become a multi-billion dollar industry. Ushering in a new era, ETH Zurich researchers are developing dynamic systems that empower flying machines to interact with humans. Wachstum wollen wir?noemail@noemail.orgDoktorand Raphael Fuhrer, ETH ZürichDerzeit findet die vierte Nachhaltigkeitswoche an fünf Zürcher Hochschulen statt. Für jeden Tag halten die Organisatoren eine zentrale Forderung bereit – die vom Montag lautet: Mehr wachstumskritische Wirtschaftstheorien zu lehren und erforschen. An einem Podium zum Thema diskutierten Fachleute darüber, ob Wachstum erstrebenswert sei. Vibrations in Nanomaterialsnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsResearchers at ETH have shown for the first time what happens to atomic vibrations when materials are nanosized and how this knowledge can be used to systematically engineer nanomaterials for different applications. memory in bacterianoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsIndividual bacterial cells have short memories. But groups of bacteria can develop a collective memory that can increase their tolerance to stress. This has been demonstrated experimentally for the first time in a study by Eawag and ETH Zurich scientists published in PNAS. sees the world through their own prismnoemail@noemail.orgInken De WitHow can public opinion be influenced in favour of climate protection? ETH political scientist Thomas Bernauer explored the question in a recent study. His sobering answer is that there is no magic formula. bacteria nestle innoemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamNearly every second woman suffers from a bladder infection at some point in her life. Researchers from ETH Zurich and the University of Basel have now discovered how the intestinal bacterium E. coli attaches itself so successfully to the surface of the urinary tract. team effortnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel Schlaefli More and more fish in Swiss rivers are contracting proliferative kidney diseases. Researchers at ETH Zurich and Eawag are partnering to see how they can stem the tide. Pitch feat. Ulrich Weidmannnoemail@noemail.orgCorinne Johannssen-HodelRiding the Polybahn from Central up to the ETH Zurich main building with Ulrich Weidmann: The Vice President Human Resources and Infrastructure at ETH Zurich tells us in a new Polybahn Pitch what type of environment we need for successful research and education. major playernoemail@noemail.orgCorinne Johannssen-HodelETH Zurich is an attractive partner for scientific collaboration. This is a big draw for companies like Google – for example when developing a novel navigation system that doesn’t use GPS. techniques for cellsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH researchers develop an integral control loop for living cells extending established tools from control engineering. This could help the cells produce precisely controlled amounts of a product. viel zu grosser Fussabdrucknoemail@noemail.orgProf. Simon Löw, ETH ZürichPlanungshorizonte, wie sie die Schweiz fürs Klima und die Endlagerung radioaktiver Abfälle festlegt, sind so langfristig, dass sie heute zu wenig bewegen und langfristig die Zielerreichung in Frage stellen. Dabei wären in beiden Fällen fast alle technischen Lösungen vorhanden. Warum sind die Zeitpläne bei der Endlagerung und dem Klimaschutz so wenig ambitiös? your Cybathlon tickets nownoemail@noemail.orgVanessa BleichTickets for the Cybathlon are on sale now. Be there on 8 October when the teams with the most ingenious technology and the most skilful test pilots will emerge victorious. apps for creative kidsnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliAugmented creativity can encourage children towards a new-found sense of creativity, cooperation and interaction with their environment. ETH Zurich’s Game Technology Center will present its latest apps in the field at the CeBIT computer expo. medicine at Treffpunkt Science Citynoemail@noemail.orgVanessa BleichThe spring edition of the Treffpunkt Science City series begins next Sunday. The events revolve around the issue of health, and specifically, how the latest advances in research can improve it. smart walking aid noemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggComputer scientists and roboticists at ETH Zurich have developed a robotic walker that makes senior citizens more mobile. Now SmartWalker is waiting for an industrial partner to come along and help get the technology ready for mass production. Cairo in Shenzhennoemail@noemail.orgCharlotte Malterre-Barthes, ETH ZürichIt is not too often that Cairo’s informal settlements are hosted at an international architecture event, especially not as a positive case. This year, the “informal” area of Ard-El-Lewa is prominently featured at the Bi-City Biennale for Urban Development and Architecture in Shenzhen, in the Radical Urbanism section. researchers honourednoemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamLast week, the European Research Council (ERC) announced the winners of the Consolidator Grants for talented young researchers. Petra Dittrich, a researcher at ETH, is one of those to receive the much-coveted funding. Martin Vechev was also awarded an ERC Starting Grant. senken – klar, aber wo?noemail@noemail.orgDaniel Spreng, ETH ZürichKlimaneutrale Produkte sind beliebt: Entsprechende Label beruhigen das ökologische Gewissen und versprechen, die nachhaltige Entwicklung ärmerer Länder durch Reduktionsprojekte vor Ort zu fördern. Doch ist die CO<sub>2</sub> -Kompensation im Ausland nach den Klimaverhandlungen in Paris überhaupt noch zeitgemäss? ETH-Bibliothek is going digital – but remains a treasure trove of booksnoemail@noemail.orgUlrich Weidmann, Vice President Human Resources and InfrastructureDigitalisation is changing the world. The libraries of the future will have to increasingly adapt to this fact, but shouldn’t restrict themselves to guiding students and researchers through a sea of digital data, writes Ulrich Weidmann, Vice President for Human Resources and Infrastructure, and responsible for the ETH-Bibliothek. The library at ETH will also maintain and provide a complete spectrum of requested media in the long term. covers for implantsnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminETH scientists have developed a membrane that protects medical implants from unwanted encapsulation by connective tissue. The researchers founded a spin-off company just over a year ago and have now been awarded funding by the start-up competition Venture Kick. the vicious circle of heart failurenoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminIn patients with heart failure, the pumping power of the heart decreases in a fatal downward spiral. Pharmacologists at ETH Zurich and the University of Zurich have now succeeded in breaking this vicious circle in the mouse model. Their approach could one day also benefit humans. hacker arrestednoemail@noemail.orgAt the end of January 2016, a hacker infiltrated the ETH Zurich IT system. Thanks to swift intervention and effective cooperation between the public prosecution service, police and ETH Zurich, a suspect was arrested shortly after the attack was discovered. The suspect is an ETH student.;Alan Turing's ideas still influence research&quot;noemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerFounded in 2015, the new Turing Centre at ETH Zurich brings together researchers and students of science, engineering and humanities. In an interview with ETH News, Managing Director Giovanni Sommaruga and his New Zealand co-directors Diane Proudfoot and Jack Copeland explain why the Centre inspires blue skies research and what it all has to do with ‘child machines’. – Segen oder Fluch?noemail@noemail.orgDr. Fritz Brugger, ETH ZürichMit Ländern reich an Rohstoffen verhält es sich ähnlich wie mit Lottomillionären: Die einen verlieren sich hoffnungslos und enden auf dem Sozialamt, die anderen starten durch und schaffen sich die Basis für eine erfolgreiche Zukunft. Nur: Warum blühen die einen auf, während andere darben?;Swiss army knife&quot; moleculenoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminScientists at ETH Zurich and an ETH spin-off have developed a novel polymer for coating materials, in order to prevent biofilms from forming on their surfaces. Thanks to the technological platform developed, it is now possible to coat durably a variety of different materials using the same polymeric molecule. Such coatings are of relevance for medical applications, among others. urbanised worldnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerUrbanisation is transforming the world. In an interview with Marcel Meili, ETH Professor of Architecture and Design, and Christian Schmid, Deputy Head of Network City and Landscape, the two explain why cities around the world are expanding and what is special about the urban landscape in Switzerland. for sentinel cellsnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminSentinel cells of the immune system can enter the finest lymphatic capillary vessels present in tissues. Researchers at ETH Zurich have now discovered the molecular signpost that guides these cells in the direction of the nearest lymph node.üsten gegen Mikroschadstoffenoemail@noemail.orgProf. Bernhard Wehrli, ETH Zürich/EawagRund hundert grosse Kläranlagen in der Schweiz werden mit einer zusätzlichen Reinigungsstufe ausgerüstet, um die Belastung der Gewässer mit Mikroschadstoffen um 50 Prozent zu verringern. Seit 1. Januar 2016 regelt die neue Gewässerschutzverordnung den Aufbau und die Finanzierung dieser modernen Umwelttechnologie. Zurich bids farewell to Jakob Nüeschnoemail@noemail.orgLino Guzzella, President ETH ZurichDuring his presidency, from 1990 to 1997, the pharmaceutical researcher with a background in agricultural science made a lasting impression on ETH Zurich. Jakob Nüesch passed away on 4 February 2016 at the age of 83. year without flyingnoemail@noemail.orgChristoph Küffer, ETH ZürichIt’s a conflict we all know, but it weighs particularly heavily on environmental scientists: air travel allows researchers to take part in international projects to discuss problems face-to-face, but it’s also damaging our climate and our environment. It’s a classic dilemma, and solving it will take creativity and a little sacrifice. A personal experiment. of life discovered in mantle rocknoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggAn international expedition, led by ETH Professor Gretchen Bernasconi-Green, has discovered traces of life in a core sample. The geologist explains what this means. routes of mantle plumes discoverednoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggMars’s southern hemisphere has a tumultuous past that was marked by significant volcanism. Now an ETH researcher has discovered that these many volcanoes are not distributed randomly but in fact lie along specific lines. These could well correspond to different paths taken by mantle plumes. aus dem Weltraumnoemail@noemail.orgDr. Matthias Meier, ETH ZürichRohstoff-Abbau im All klingt nach Sciencefiction. Tatsächlich entwickeln verschiedene US-Firmen Technologien, um Energie- und Mineralrohstoffe im Weltraum zu erschliessen. Mehrweg-Raketen und ein internationaler Weltraumrohstoff-Vertrag könnten den Weg ebnen zu schier unerschöpflichen Quellen.'s most energy efficient office by 2018noemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamThe recent completion of construction, and first month of successful operation of the 3for2@UWCSEA demonstration project by ETH Zurich turns the page in developing what could be Singapore’s most energy-efficient office by 2018.«GoEco!» fördert nachhaltige Mobilitätnoemail@noemail.orgDoktorand Dominik Bucher, ETH ZürichIn der Schweiz fällt rund ein Drittel des Energieverbrauchs auf den Verkehr. Unsere Mobilität kostet nicht nur viel, sondern belastet auch Umwelt und Klima. Wärst auch du gern nachhaltiger unterwegs, weisst aber nicht genau wie? Mit der App GoEco! kannst du das eigene Mobilitätsverhalten bewusster planen und optimieren.“We want to inspire young people to get involved in start-ups”noemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsLast Friday at ETH Zurich an event was held to coincide with the World Web Forum digital conference. The event hosted well-known speakers such as John Sculley, the former CEO of Apple and Pepsi. This free forum for students, trainees, and young professionals was organised by the Department of Computer Science. Department Head Markus Püschel explains its purpose. light with a silver atomnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggResearchers working under Juerg Leuthold, Professor of Photonics and Communications, have created the world’s smallest integrated optical switch. Applying a small voltage causes an atom to relocate, turning the switch on or off. device with the fine nosenoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminETH scientists pushed the sensitivity limits of state-of-the-art trace gas analysers. The instruments are now ready for use in medicine, biological research and forensics. Hülsenfrüchte (Teil 2): Soja – das schwarze Schaf?noemail@noemail.orgProf. Achim Walter, ETH ZürichSoja ist die weltweit am intensivsten angebaute Hülsenfrucht – dies im wahrsten Sinne des Wortes. Die Anbaufläche beträgt rund 100 Millionen Hektar; 25-mal die Fläche der Schweiz. Drei Viertel dieser Soja ist gentechnisch verändert. Dennoch ist die Hülsenfrucht nicht nur für Big Business, sondern auch für die Bio-Landwirtschaft interessant. software to become a standard for dronesnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggLorenz Meier, a doctoral student in computer science at ETH Zurich, created the PX4 software that is already being used to pilot many drones. Now, one of the world’s biggest electronics manufacturers has adopted the software as standard. Hülsenfrüchte (Teil 1): Von wegen nicht die Bohnenoemail@noemail.orgProf. Achim Walter, ETH ZürichDie UNO hat 2016 zum internationalen Jahr der Hülsenfrüchte erkoren. Doch warum gebührt diesen Früchten derartige Ehre? Erbse, Bohne, Linse und Co bergen das Potenzial, die globale Landwirtschaft schonend zu intensivieren. Sie verdienen es darum klar, dass wir uns stärker für sie interessieren. efficient heavy metal ions filternoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH researchers have developed a new water filtration system that is superior to existing systems in many respects: it is extremely efficient at removing various toxic heavy metal ions and radioactive substances from water and can even be used in gold recovery. reducing energy consumption important for climate change?noemail@noemail.orgProf. Anthony Patt, ETH ZürichIt is natural to think that reducing our energy consumption is good for the climate. We can ride a bicycle instead of driving a car. And if we drive a car, we can drive a smaller, more fuel-efficient car. These things certainly help reduce urban noise, congestion, and air pollution. But do they really help to solve climate change? two degrees may turn into fournoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggThe world has decided to adopt measures to prevent average global warming from exceeding the two-degree mark. But what does this mean for temperature and the distribution of heavy precipitation on a regional level? Climate researchers have now calculated this. investors with enthusiasm for new ideasnoemail@noemail.orgInken De WitSeven promising start-ups, over 100 domestic and international investors, and four hours to shine: this was the first Investor Summit at Zurich Airport. To see how start-ups use the event to their benefit, ETH News accompanied the team from ETH spin-off Archilogic to the event. deposition to fabricate tiny 3D objectsnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminA new 3D microprinting process allows scientists to manufacture tiny, complex metal components easily. The technology used was designed by ETH researchers years ago for biological research and has now been further developed for a completely different application. brightens up atmospheric aerosolsnoemail@noemail.orgChristina Schnadt, ETH ZürichAlthough Bacchus, the Roman god of wine, has lent his name to an ongoing research project on the interactions between aerosols, clouds and climate, he seems not to have clouded the scientists’ capacity for analytical thought: After two years of research, the BACCHUS project team has now issued its mid-term summary for policy makers.“Trying out is research”noemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerETH Zurich is preparing up-and-coming researchers for an international career in science and industry. In March 2016, it will launch a career-focused funding mechanism that will allow junior researchers to conduct their own research project early on. Vice President Detlef Günther explains why, in an interview with ETH News. from the deep seanoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH scientists are researching the unusual secretions of the hagfish. Over the next three years, the researchers will try to find out how this natural hydrogel can be harnessed for human use. to prevent the pollination problem?noemail@noemail.orgDoktorandin Charlotte PavageauWild bees pollinate our crops, and in doing so produce much of the food on which the world depends. But the destruction of their natural habitats, mostly due to agricultural spread and intensification, means we are losing these valuable insects. Promoting beekeeping to compensate for the loss of wild pollinators is not a straight forward solution, however. mapping of entire buildings with mobile devicesnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminComputer scientists working in a group led by ETH Professor Marc Pollefeys have developed a piece of software that makes it very easy to create 3D models of entire buildings. Running on a new type of tablet computer, the program generates 3D maps in real time. Response: Stabile Stromnetze dank flexibler Nachfragenoemail@noemail.orgDr. Sabine Erlinghagen / ETH ZürichDie Flexibilisierung der Stromnachfrage ermöglicht es, lokale Verteilnetze zu optimieren und zu stabilisieren: Mit dem Demand-Response-Verfahren lässt sich der Verbrauch auf Preissignale oder die Netzauslastung abstimmen. Die Rahmenbedingungen in der Schweiz sind gut, um in diesem Gebiet eine Vorreiterrolle in Europa einzunehmen. should expect poorer physics gradesnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminSecondary school physics teachers with little teaching experience handed out significantly poorer grades to girls than boys for the exact same performance. This was the conclusion drawn by an ETH learning specialist from a study she conducted in Switzerland, Germany and Austria. defence of pathogenic proteinsnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminProtein deposits in cells, such as those associated with diseases like Parkinson's and Alzheimer's, can also be beneficial – at least for yeast cells –, as biochemists at ETH Zurich have discovered. The researchers found a new form of age-associated deposits in these cells, and they are now asking us to rethink our views on ageing and dementia. Urbanisation noemail@noemail.orgProf. Peter Edwards, Singapore-ETH CentreThe rate of urbanisation in recent years has been astonishing. While present cities are highly unsustainable, they offer great opportunities for using resources more efficiently. The rapid growth and the huge environmental challenges account for the growing interest shown by universities in cities: the New Urban Science. for smartphonesnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminResearchers at ETH Zurich have manufactured transparent electrodes for use in touchscreens using a novel nanoprinting process. The new electrodes are some of the most transparent and conductive that have ever been developed. support pays offnoemail@noemail.org25 spin-offs were founded at ETH Zurich last year – more than ever before in a single year. The new record highlights the benefits of supporting young talent early on and illustrates that ETH’s own support programme is paying off. grabis? – Working perspectives in soil sciencenoemail@noemail.orgSteffen Schweizer, ETH Zürich2015 will be remembered as the International Year of Soils. But where is soil science going and how can young graduates gain a foothold in it? An evening of discussions goes beyond technical aspects and shows that many careers are open to young professionals – in academic and applied fields. material for the holidaysnoemail@noemail.orgBlog editorsThe Zukunftsblog editors wish all our readers happy holidays and all the best for 2016. If you are looking for some inspiring reading material for the holidays, here you can find a selection from the Zukunftsblog archive. We’ll be back with fresh food for thought on 5 January. Enjoy! gigantic planets to tiny imagesnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsFrom the smallest ever printed colour image and the world’s largest plant seeds to the darkest matter in the infinite expanse of the universe – over the past year, ETH research has focussed on all animate and inanimate aspects of the natural world, presenting fascinating results and ingenious inventions. ETH News again looks back on the past year with a selection of highlights from 2015. statt Rollschinkli?noemail@noemail.orgDoktorand Klaus Jarosch, ETH ZürichDie Feiertage rücken näher und bescheren vielen eine reich gedeckte Tafel. Traditionell hoch im Kurs stehen Fondue Chinoise und Rollschinkli. Niemand käme hierzulande auf die Idee, Larven, Käfer oder Zikaden zu servieren. In anderen Kulturen gelten Insekten aber als Delikatessen. Warum auch wir sie als Nahrungsquelle in Betracht ziehen sollten. entanglement of distant quantum dotsnoemail@noemail.orgOliver MorschEntanglement between distant quantum objects is an important ingredient for future information technologies. Researchers at the ETH have now developed a method with which such states can be created a thousand times faster than before. multitool for cellsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggCells have an infallible sense of smell that tells them which direction to grow in to move closer to the source of a scent. ETH researchers have now learned how this sense of smell works. of mTOR protein complex solvednoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsIt has long been known that the protein TOR – Target of Rapamycin – controls cell growth and is involved in the development of diseases such as cancer and diabetes. Through a collaborative effort scientists from the ETH Zürich and from the Biozentrum of the University of Basel have now succeeded in revealing the unique architecture of the mammalian TOR complex 1 (mTORC1) in detail. Their results have been reported in the latest issue of “Science”. and games: Agricultural sciences at ETH noemail@noemail.orgProf. Achim Walter, ETH ZürichAgricultural sciences? Can you still study that? And what is it good for? These are questions that teachers and students in this subject are always asked. Yet these degree programmes are now more relevant than ever – not only due to the new BSc and MSc regulations that will come into effect in autumn semester 2016. acts as a countermeasurenoemail@noemail.orgScientists have developed a new, more complex type of genetic circuit, which has enabled them to successfully treat psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory skin condition, in the mouse model., but flexible and family-friendlynoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsRalph Schlapbach was presented with the Golden Tricycle Award at the Executive Board’s Christmas reception this year. The award recognises the father of three as the most family-friendly supervisor at ETH Zurich. tiniest color picture ever printednoemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamResearchers of ETH Zurich and ETH start-up company Scrona achieve a new world record! They have printed a color picture depicting clown fishes around their sea anemone home. This picture is as tiny as the cross-sectional area of a human hair. Palm: Beyond Controversynoemail@noemail.orgDr. Claude Garcia, ETH Zürich“It’s complicated…”, or at least “it’s more complicated than you think“. Our opinion on issues, from the futile to the most pressing, tends to be based on an illusion of understanding [1]. We think we know, and this entitles us to take action. But it’s actually more complicated than you think. 10 million for young talentsnoemail@noemail.orgSeven researchers from ETH Zurich are to receive an ERC Starting Grant. The European Research Council supports talented young researchers as they embark on their academic careers. More than half the grants awarded this year go to young female researchers. routes to successnoemail@noemail.orgNorbert StaubAs vice-president of human resources and infrastructure, Roman Boutellier has played a defining role in ETH Zurich’s robust development. Now he is ready to retire, and ETH professor Ulrich Weidmann has been tapped to follow in his footsteps. students envisage the Zurich campusnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerThe Zurich City University District should be developed into a knowledge and health care cluster. For their master's theses in the Department of Architecture, ETH Zurich students developed scenarios outlining what an urban campus in the heart of the city of Zurich could look like. with birefringencenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH researchers led by Raffaele Mezzenga have developed a new diagnostic method. It is based on Birefringence, the ability of substances to change the polarisation state of light. With this method, doctors around the world can easily, rapidly and reliably detect malaria, Ebola or HIV to name only a few. Klimarechnernoemail@noemail.orgDr. Max Meulemann, ETH ZürichWenn es derzeit an der COP oder künftigen Klimaverhandlungen darum geht, das globale CO<sub>2</sub> -Budget gerecht unter den Staaten zu verteilen, sind Ansätze gefragt, die Vergleiche ermöglichen und einen fairen Kompromiss erlauben. Genau das bietet ein neuer Klimarechner der ETH Zürich, mit dem man länderspezifische CO<sub>2</sub> -Budgets berechnen kann. ETH main building is getting a new forecourtnoemail@noemail.orgA clearer separation from the street and traffic-restricted atria: the plans for ETH’s new forecourt. The renovation is planned from 2018–2019; the building will remain open for business as usual. climate targets noemail@noemail.orgProf. Reto Knutti, ETH ZürichAmong the general public, the two degree target is perceived to be a universally agreed limit that scientists regard as a safe level that avoids dangerous climate change. This is an erroneous perception. The two degree target is less clearly defined than generally assumed, and it is even less clear how we will meet it. innovation into practical solutions more quicklynoemail@noemail.orgWyss Zurich had its official opening today in the presence of Federal Councillor Johann Schneider-Ammann and Hansjörg Wyss, whose donation made the center possible. The aim of the joint development center created by ETH Zurich and the University of Zurich is to take innovative ideas from basic research and apply them in practice as quickly as possible. isn’t necessarily fatnoemail@noemail.orgCorinne Johannssen-HodelETH professor Christian Wolfrum is seeking out new substances with which to combat diabetes. One particular bile acid already looks promising – but he isn’t satisfied, so the search goes on. rocket boost for master’s degree studentsnoemail@noemail.orgMartina MärkiThe Excellence Scholarship and Opportunity Programme offers support to the best incoming master’s degree students. <i>Globe</i> meets three talented individuals at various stages of their journeys and gives an insight into what the programme means for them. paradigms for urbanisationnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliThe Biennale for Urban Development and Architecture in Shenzhen opened on 4 December 2015. Two architecture professors from ETH Zurich are co-curators, and the university is making several contributions to the exhibition. In addition, ETH students are working on new projects with colleagues from China, at a temporary school being established for that purpose. professors appointed at ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamUpon application of the President of ETH Zurich, Lino Guzzella, the ETH Board appointed a total of four professors, and awarded the title of professor to two individuals. launch of LISA Pathfindernoemail@noemail.orgAfter the successful lift-off of the Vega rocket in French Guiana, the LISA Pathfinder satellite uncoupled from its booster rocket at approximately 7.00 a.m. this morning. The satellite will spend the next 9 months floating in space. There it will enable scientists to test key measurement techniques for the detection of gravitational waves, which Albert Einstein predicted about 100 years ago in his general theory of relativity. first comprehensive collection of plant bacterianoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminResearchers in Zurich and Cologne have collected a large number of bacterial strains that live on plants. The collection marks the beginning of a promising new field of research. Scientists can now systematically perform targeted laboratory investigations into how bacteria promote the growth and health of plants. Klimapolitik – Taktgeber oder Begleitmusik?noemail@noemail.orgProf. Thomas Bernauer, ETH ZürichDie Conference of the Parties (COP) funktioniert als Forum zur politischen Meinungsbildung zwar gut, als Plattform zur Aushandlung konkreter Massnahmen gegen den Klimawandel hingegen schlecht. Wenn nun auch der energietechnische Wandel in den Vorreiterstaaten schwächelt, drohen der globalen Klimapolitik magere Zeiten. for a longer, healthier life foundnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggOut of a 'haystack' of 40,000 genes from three different organisms, scientists at ETH Zurich and a research consortium in Jena have found genes that are involved in physical ageing. If you influence only one of these genes, the healthy lifespan of laboratory animals is extended – and possibly that of humans, too. and understanding Europe's greenhouse gas balancenoemail@noemail.orgDr. Lutz Merbold, ETH ZürichFor the first time in history, the European environmental research community is working together to establish a consolidated greenhouse gas (GHG) observation network for the next 20 years. The data produced will be freely available and enable us not only to constrain the GHG balance of Europe precisely, but also to understand the current and future Earth system. machines how to learnnoemail@noemail.orgMachines will become not just more intelligent in the future, but also more capable of learning. To promote research in this field, ETH Zurich and the Max Planck Society officially open the Max Planck ETH Center for Learning Systems today. The scientists want to understand the theoretical principles of learning and how these can be applied to real machines. prepared for the first sessionnoemail@noemail.orgFranziska SchmidA working group headed by Michael Ambühl, Professor of Negotiation at ETH Zurich, held an introductory event this week for 14 of the newly elected members of the federal parliament from the different parties and cantons. cells create free spacenoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminIn order to divide, cells in the intestinal wall have to leave their densely packed environment and migrate to the surface. ETH researchers have now discovered how they do this – using a tiny bed of nails. discovery of a new particlenoemail@noemail.orgOliver MorschStudying peculiar properties of a long known metallic material researchers have chanced upon a new particle. It is related to the so-called Weyl fermions that the mathematician Hermann Weyl predicted almost ninety years ago. Weyl had overlooked the particle, which could have interesting applications in electronics. new form of real gold, almost as light as airnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminResearchers at ETH Zurich have created a new type of foam made of real gold. It is the lightest form ever produced of the precious metal: a thousand times lighter than its conventional form and yet it is nearly impossible to tell the difference with the naked eye. There are many possible applications. Arktis – Konfliktfabrik oder Kontaktzone?noemail@noemail.orgDoktorand Felix Frey, ETH ZürichRussland sorgt in der Arktis immer wieder für Aufsehen. Mit viel Muskelspiel und Symbolpolitik will Moskau seinen Einfluss in dieser ressourcenreichen Region vergrössern. Doch die Ambitionen Russlands allein auf seinen Rohstoffhunger zurückzuführen, greift zu kurz. Das Land verfolgt in der Arktis eine hundertjährige Priorität. in the field of synthesisnoemail@noemail.orgThe Ruzicka Prize 2015 has been awarded to Henning Jessen, Professor of Bioorganic Chemistry at the University of Freiburg in Breisgau. The 36-year-old German scientist has been highly successful in researching how secondary messengers can be chemically modified or even artificially produced in the laboratory.«Doing the right things»noemail@noemail.orgOn the 160th anniversary of ETH Zurich, Rector Sarah Springman described how she wants to provide students with the tools they need for their future careers in a rapidly changing professional world. In her address, Mayor Corine Mauch emphasised how important open-mindedness is for the future of ETH and for the city of Zurich. finalists in supercomputingnoemail@noemail.orgSimone UlmerEvery year at the SC conference, the Gordon Bell Prize is presented to recognise outstanding work in the field of high-performance computing. This year, two research groups from ETH Zurich competed in the finals, a remarkable achievement considering only five teams have been preselected world-wide. sich Demand-Side-Management für Schweizer Stromversorger?noemail@noemail.orgDoktorandin Nina Boogen, ETH ZürichIm Entwurf des Bundesrats zum ersten Massnahmenpaket für die Energiestrategie 2050 sind verbindliche Effizienzziele für Stromversorger vorgesehen. Das würde einen Anreiz schaffen, vermehrt Demand-Side-Management Programme umzusetzen, um den Stromverbrauch der Konsumenten zu beeinflussen. Doch sind solche Programme sinnvoll für die Schweiz? Cybathlon gets goingnoemail@noemail.orgVanessa BleichSixty-seven teams from all continents are getting ready for the Cybathlon 2016. During this summer’s practice session, the teams tested out the courses that have been designed to resemble everyday tasks. The clips for the official Cybathlon trailer were taken from this test session. Lauf für Fliessgewässernoemail@noemail.orgDr. David Vetsch, ETH ZürichDie Sedimente, die Bäche und Flüsse transportieren, spielen eine wichtige Rolle für die Lebensräume von Flusslandschaften. Doch Verbauungen und Regulation stören den Geschiebehaushalt unserer Fliessgewässer stark – die Lebensvielfalt leidet. Heute versucht man, dem Geschiebe wieder mehr freien Lauf zu lassen, um die Flusslandschaften zu revitalisieren. life into a professionnoemail@noemail.orgSimone UlmerComputer scientist Torsten Hoefler is the winner of this year’s Latsis Prize awarded by ETH Zurich. His Scalable Parallel Computing Laboratory is one of the few laboratories to combine theory and application in the field of high-performance computing. Although mentors warned him against uniting these two aspects, it is precisely by doing so that he has now achieved his success. to prevent Food Wastenoemail@noemail.orgBühler and Migros-Industry companies will give a total of five million Swiss francs to ETH Zurich to finance the professorship for Sustainable Food Processing. Additionally, post-doc research projects will receive funding within the framework of the ETH World Food System initiative. the risk of premature birthnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminETH biomechanic Sabrina Badir impressed the jury at the international ideas competition Falling Walls Lab. She developed a device that can determine the risk of a premature birth. tectonics thanks to plumes?noemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggIt is common knowledge that the Earth's rigid upper layer called lithosphere is composed of moving plates. But just what mechanism first set plate tectonics into motion still remains a mystery. A team of researchers led by ETH professor Taras Gerya has now come up with one possible answer by using simulations.‘Diplomatic engineering’ with ex-Federal Councillor Calmy-Reynoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliMicheline Calmy-Rey gave a public lecture at ETH Zurich last Monday in which she spoke about Swiss foreign policy and called for an active role in international nuclear disarmament negotiations. Her visit took place as part of a joint seminar between the University of Geneva and ETH Zurich. Environmental Justice Matters noemail@noemail.orgChristoph Küffer, ETH ZürichRecently I attended a transdisciplinary international conference on environmental justice at Franklin University Switzerland in Lugano. It featured a potpourri of themes that might have led to nothing but confusion. But rather than leaving me dazed, these crosscurrents of thinking helped to clarify several questions that have bothered me for some time.“It's scarcely possible to grasp intuitively”noemail@noemail.orgAdrian RitterIn November 1915, Albert Einstein presented the general theory of relativity. A symposium at ETH Zurich celebrates the 100th anniversary of this groundbreaking theory from 12 to 14 November. arguing is funnoemail@noemail.orgAlice WernerEvery Wednesday evening the art of free speech is exercised in the ETH Zurich Students' Debate Club. Participants meet to debate about god and the world. Club President Jonathan Feldstein explains what people can learn through argumentative manoeuvring. less is really morenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH researchers have found that therapeutic iron supplements may be less effective when given in brief intervals: A peptide molecule blocks iron absorption in the intestine even 24 hours after the iron administation. systems as a complex challengenoemail@noemail.orgVanessa BleichTogether with around 20 partners from the mobility sector, researchers from ETH Zurich and the University of St. Gallen developed a vision for the future of mobility in Switzerland. water dropletsnoemail@noemail.orgMaterials that actively repel water and ice very strongly are sought after by the aviation industry and for many other technical applications. ETH researchers have now found out how to specifically design the rigid surfaces of such materials: by teaching water droplets how to trampoline. the Paris agreement matter for climate change?noemail@noemail.orgProf. Anthony Patt, ETH ZürichAfter a long series of failed negotiations on binding emission reductions, the world is looking to the 21. Conference of Parties (COP21) in Paris this December. Expectations are rising, and many believe that the fate of the planet depends on the outcome of these negotiations. But does solving climate change really hinge on the agreement in Paris? vitamin D supplementationnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggElderly women should consume more vitamin D than previously recommended during the winter months. This is the finding of a new study just released by a team of researchers led by ETH Professor Michael B. Zimmermann. that blur realitynoemail@noemail.orgClaudia NaegeliETH Zurich's Collection of Prints and Drawings is currently exhibiting drawings from the 1950s that were discovered in Andy Warhol’s estate. These early works reveal unexpected sides of the famous artist, providing a glimpse into his unique approach, the so-called “blotted line” technique. Hopf Prize for Claire Voisinnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerIn the field of research into algebraic geometry, French mathematician Claire Voisin is something of a legend: in recognition of her scientific breakthroughs, the Department of Mathematics at ETH Zurich will be awarding her the Heinz Hopf Prize on 2 November 2015. zero: why we have to reduce our CO2 emissions to zeronoemail@noemail.orgProf. Nicolas Gruber, ETH ZürichEvery climate target gives us a permissible emissions budget. Achieving the two-degree Celsius goal will require complete decarbonisation of the economy within the next 50 years. It will not be enough for us to make existing processes more efficient – a profound change in nearly all aspects of our society is required. with a hoodienoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggBachelor students who passed their first-year examinations were given a special hoodie from ETH Rector Sarah Springman – as congratulations for passing their exams but also to strengthen the students' bond with their university.ämpfer, Vordenker und Vorbilder für die Raumplanung Schweiznoemail@noemail.orgDr. Martina Schretzenmayr, ETH ZürichDie Schweizer Raumplanung kann für die anstehenden Aufgaben viel von ihren Pionieren lernen. Diese setzten sich leidenschaftlich für einen Schutz der Landschaft und die nachhaltige Planung und Gestaltung des Lebensraums ein. Mit der Ausstellung «Die Schweiz plant» eröffnet die ETH Zürich erstmals einen Blick auf diese Pionierleistungen. click away from the perfect outfitnoemail@noemail.orgAnna MaltsevWhether shopping online or offline, everyone knows how difficult it can be to find the right outfit. Fashwell, an ETH spin-off, now has a remedy for that. Its app unites social media and online shopping to help users track down the clothes they like. harvest reduced by halfnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggOn the way from field to fork, more than half of the potato harvest is lost. This is according to a new study conducted by researchers from Agroscope and ETH Zurich. for Climate (part 2): How Modern Climate Models Worknoemail@noemail.orgProf. Torsten Hoefler, ETH ZürichIn our previous blog we drew an arc in time from the first theoretical weather computation to present-day climate calculations on massively-parallel computer systems. This follow-up post deals with the climate models and addresses the basic question: How can we simulate the evolving condition of the atmosphere? applied mathematics to track down counterfeitsnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliAt this year’s Pauli Lectures, mathematics professor Ingrid Daubechies will offer an insight into her research on wavelets and digital signal processing. Among other applications, she uses these two fields to unequivocally identify forged Van Goghs. for Climate (part 1): Evolution of Modelsnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Torsten Hoefler, ETH ZürichThe desire to foresee the weather and climate probably goes back to early mankind. Whereas experience in reading the signs of weather changes has long helped for short-term predictions of a few hours, it is only for a few decades that we have been able to forecast weather over several days – and simulate the future climate. digital information does not get lostnoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsToday ETH Zurich is launching its IT Security Initiative under the slogan, “Protect your Brainwork”. This initiative aims to provide tips to staff and students of ETH Zurich on how to safeguard their data. extremen Risiken müssen unser Handeln bestimmennoemail@noemail.orgKlaus Ragaller, SATWDie Folgen des Klimawandels sind bereits spürbar. Was uns noch erwartet, lässt sich aus dem vom IPCC prognostizierten, wahrscheinlichen Temperaturanstieg abschätzen. Um Vorsorgemassnahmen zu treffen, sollten wir uns aber vor allem an den extremeren Klimaszenarien orientieren, die zwar weniger wahrscheinlich aber potenziell sehr gefährlich sind. age-related health impairments with mind and bodynoemail@noemail.orgAstrid Tomczak-PlewkaIn promoting mental health, combined mental and physical training is more effective than physical training alone, as ETH human movement scientists have shown in a study of people over 70. conservation and board games noemail@noemail.orgDoktorandin Tina Cornioley, Uni ZürichAs a PhD student in ecology, I always thought of my interest for board games as a mere hobby without any connection with my work. A field course in conservation in the North West Highlands of Scotland unexpectedly changed my perception – both of board games and the challenges of dealing with complex socio-ecological systems. Councillor Schneider-Ammann is impressed by the ETH teamnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliJohann Schneider-Ammann, Federal Councillor and head of the Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research, visited ETH Zurich on Monday. He learned about the opportunities and challenges of digitalisation, and expressed how impressed he was by the university's achievements. resonator for electronsnoemail@noemail.orgOliver MorschResonators are an important tool in physics. The curved mirrors inside the resonators usually focus light waves that act, for instance, on atoms. Physicists at ETH Zurich have now managed to build a resonator for electrons and to direct the standing waves thus created onto an artificial atom. Pitch featuring Nicole Wenderothnoemail@noemail.orgCorinne Johannssen-HodelRiding the Polybahn from Central up to ETH Zurich with Nicole Wenderoth: the Professor for Neural Control of Movement and head of ETH Zurich’s Institute of Human Movement Science and Sport tells us in a new Polybahn Pitch how she can influence someone else’s brain. cure for vitamin B6 deficiencynoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggPlant scientists have engineered the cassava plant to produce higher levels of vitamin B6 in its storage roots and leaves. This could help to protect millions of people in Africa from serious deficiencies. die Solarenergie boomtnoemail@noemail.orgDr. Tim Reutemann, UNEP-DTUDer Durchbruch der Sonnenenergie wird hierzulande seit Jahren verkündet – und wieder abgeblasen. Doch für viele Menschen in Entwicklungsländern ist Solarenergie heute schon günstiger, praktischer und sauberer als alle Alternativen. In Bangladesch und Kenia findet gerade ein dramatischer Ausbau statt. Eine entscheidende Rolle spielen dabei passende Kreditmodelle. structures observednoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsA research team has observed structures racing out from the centre of a young star's debris disk at high speeds. It is still unclear what causes the phenomenon. für ein nachhaltiges Schweizer Ernährungssystem noemail@noemail.orgDr. Luisa Last, ETH ZürichDie Art und Weise, wie sich eine Gesellschaft ernährt – und wie sie ihre Lebensmittel produziert und verfügbar macht – , ist zentral für das langfristige Wohl eines Landes. Doch allenthalben stehen Ernährungssysteme vor grossen Herausforderungen. Was es braucht, um die Ernährung der Schweiz nachhaltig sicherzustellen.;Rock Print&quot; at the forefront of architectural innovationnoemail@noemail.orgMarianne LucienInspired to take 3D printing technology to new heights, ETH Zurich and MIT researchers create &quot;Rock Print&quot; a full-scale architectural installation for the Chicago Architecture Biennial. in invasive plants is blossomingnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggEvery day, hundreds of different plant species – many of them listed as invasive – are traded online worldwide on auction platforms. This exacerbates the problem of uncontrollable biological invasions. is no alternative to full associationnoemail@noemail.orgScientific Switzerland needs unrestricted access to the best brains, and therefore full association to the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, Horizon 2020. This was pointed out during a media session in Brussels by the Presidents of ETH Zurich and EPF Lausanne, following discussions with EU representatives. top-ten rankingnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggAnother enthusiastic endorsement: ninth place for ETH Zurich in the prestigious THE rankings. analysis of metabolic productsnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminBiologists at ETH Zurich have developed a method that, for the first time, makes it possible to measure concentration changes of several hundred metabolic products simultaneously and almost in real time. The technique could inspire basic biological research and the search for new pharmaceutical agents. Floods and Desert Claims noemail@noemail.orgPhilipp Urech, ETH ZürichDeserts are among the roughest places to live on earth. Fauna and flora in the desert develop special adaptations to survive in such a harsh environment. So do humans. Our Landscape Modeling and Visualizing Studio investigated future scenarios for water-restrained settlements in the Sonoran Desert of Arizona. dental prosthesisnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH material researchers are developing a procedure that allows them to mimic the complex fine structure of biological composite materials, such as teeth or seashells. They can thus create synthetic materials that are as hard and tough as their natural counterparts. world of construction without cementnoemail@noemail.orgCorinne Johannssen-HodelBuilding with less cement is the ambitious goal of Guillaume Habert, professor of sustainable construction at ETH Zurich. But there are many hurdles to overcome. physics students can learn from philosophersnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerPhilosophical considerations do not take centre stage in a physics degree. However, a new seminar is providing physics students with an insight into the process of philosophical debate and reflection. This also teaches them about how their subject works and how new theories are formed. professors at ETH Zurich appointednoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsUpon application of the President of ETH Zurich, Professor Lino Guzzella, at its meeting of 23/24 September 2015 the ETH-Board appointed 12 individuals as professors. rail expert for the Executive Boardnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerThe ETH Board has announced its new Vice President for Human Resources and Infrastructure at ETH Zurich: Ulrich Alois Weidmann. Who is he and what has inspired him to become a member of the Executive Board?“I’m interested in almost everything”noemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliOn Monday Kay Schaller was elected as the new VSETH president. He takes over this important role of representing his fellow students from his predecessor, Thomas Gumbsch. Schaller is not expecting any respite from his chemistry studies; instead he hopes to gain valuable experience for his future career. technology fix climate change?noemail@noemail.orgProf. Anthony Patt, ETH ZürichIn order to stop climate change, humanity needs to eliminate the emission of greenhouse gases. To do so, while maintaining acceptable living standards, will require new technologies for energy and industry. But how can we make sure that new technologies replace the old, rather than simply supplement them? Policy makers need to pay attention to two factors. for the methanol economynoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminUnstable crude oil prices and limited oil resources have made the production of petrochemicals from methanol increasingly popular – above all in China. Scientists at ETH Zurich have now deciphered the complex chemistry behind the start of this process. imaging with outline detectionnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminScientists at ETH Zurich have developed a new method to differentiate very weak and short sound waves from longer ones. When used in acoustic imaging, their technology makes it possible to detect only the outline of objects. from the deepnoemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenPeople are going to ever greater depths to find workable ore deposits. ETH geologist Christoph Heinrich conducts research into how to find these., politics and fairnessnoemail@noemail.orgRoland Baumann and Martina MärkiFOEN director Bruno Oberle, environmental engineer Stefanie Hellweg and economist Lucas Bretschger discuss ways to make resource consumption more ecofriendly, both in Switzerland and around the world. Wege fürs Abwassernoemail@noemail.orgDr. Kai Udert, ETH Zürich/EawagEine der grössten hygienischen Errungenschaften der letzten 150 Jahre ist zweifellos die Abwasserentsorgung über die Kanalisation. Doch diese Technologie allein kann das weltweite Abwasserproblem nicht lösen. Wir brauchen neue Verfahren, um Abwasser hierzulande und in Entwicklungsländern ressourcenschonend zu behandeln. competitors affect species' responses to climate changenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggAs the climate warms, many plants face an uphill struggle for survival. A new ETH Zurich study indicates that this is particularly true wherever they face increased competition from plants that have migrated to their habitat due to climatic changes. der Ozonschicht: FCKW- Ersatzstoffe gefährden das Klima noemail@noemail.orgProf. Thomas Peter, ETH ZürichEs ist paradox: Das Montrealer Protokoll über ozonabbauende Stoffe verhindert Hundertausende Hautkrebserkrankungen und schützt das Klima effektiv. Indirekt förderte es aber Ersatzstoffe für die verbannten FCKW, die FKW, die starke Treibhausgase sind. Soll das Montrealer Protokoll auch sie regulieren? Eine Auslegeordnung anlässlich des UN-Tags der Ozonschicht. with stepped structurenoemail@noemail.orgIn August this year, ETH Zurich completed the new HCP office and seminar building at its Hönggerberg campus and handed it over to the occupants. The inauguration of the building will take place on 16 September. moves into the top 10noemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggIn this year’s QS World University Rankings, ETH Zurich has pushed into the top 10 for the first time: its position in ninth place is due primarily to a jump in the ‘citations per faculty’ indicator. journey is the reward noemail@noemail.orgInken De WitA lot of practice and a different approach to theory were on show during the first ETH Week. Over the course of the week, about 130 students from 15 departments developed proposals for a sustainable food system. The event forms part of the Critical Thinking initiative, in which ETH Zurich promotes creative and inter-disciplinary thought. Pitch feat. Ueli Maurernoemail@noemail.orgCorinne Johannssen-HodelRiding the Polybahn from Central up to ETH Zurich with Ueli Maurer: the computer science professor and head of ETH Zurich’s Institute of Theoretical Computer Science tells us in a new Polybahn Pitch what he’s doing to contribute to internet security. historic documentsnoemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenAs part of the Humanitarian Switzerland project, the Archives of Contemporary History has integrated into its database a total of 250 hours of video and audio recordings featuring contemporary witnesses. And this resource-intensive project has paid off: the extensive body of material gives an impressive account of how Swiss development aid has changed over the last few decades. plan innovative programme for medical studiesnoemail@noemail.orgThe University of Basel, the Università della Svizzera italiana (USI), the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich will together launch a new course of study in medicine. Participants would study at ETH Zurich for their bachelor’s degrees and go on to complete a master’s degree at one of the partner universities. der blaue Planet im roten Bereich?noemail@noemail.orgProf. Bernhard Wehrli, ETH Zürich/EawagWasserkrisen werden in Zukunft die grössten Schäden verursachen, vermutet ein aktueller Report über globale Risiken. Eine Gruppe Nachhaltigkeitsforscher argumentiert dagegen, dass die weltweiten Wasservorräte noch nicht übernutzt sind. Wie kommen solch unterschiedliche Bewertungen zustande? Und weshalb definiert die UNO neue Wasserziele? oceanic CO2 uptakenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggA decade ago scientists feared that the ability of the Southern Ocean to absorb additional atmospheric CO<sub>2</sub> would soon be stalled. But the analysis of more recent observations show that this carbon sink reinvigorated during the past decade. female students than ever beforenoemail@noemail.orgOn Monday 2,837 students are expected to take up their places on undergraduate degree programmes at ETH Zurich. The courses in engineering sciences are especially popular. The proportion of female students has risen markedly and now stands for the first time at just under 33 percent. The total number of people studying at ETH continues to grow.ähr-Stoff für differenziertes Denkennoemail@noemail.orgDr. Benno Volk, ETH ZürichSeit Sonntag beschäftigen sich knapp 130 ETH-Studierende aus über 25 Ländern und mehr als 40 Studienrichtungen mit herausfordernden Fragen der Welternährung: Es ist die erste «ETH Woche», in der 12 interdisziplinäre Teams nach kreativen Lösungen für gesellschaftlich relevante Probleme suchen. Ein Blick hinter die Kulissen dieses neuen Lehrformats. bodyguards for immature membrane proteinsnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsDuring their formation within the cells, many proteins rely on the assistance of protectors, so-called chaperones. They help the proteins to fold correctly and thus ensure the right final structure. The roles of chaperones in membrane protein folding have long remained unclear. Researchers at the Biozentrum, University of Basel, and at ETH Zurich now show how chaperones stabilize an immature bacterial membrane protein and guide it in the right folding direction, thus protecting it from misfolding.“I find it really interesting when I’m proved wrong”noemail@noemail.orgInken De WitNicola Spaldin, Professor for Material Theory at ETH Zurich, is being awarded the Körber Prize in Hamburg today. In this interview, the British scientists explains what fascinates her about materials science and why she loves unanswered questions. was a crowd pleasernoemail@noemail.orgThe fourth edition of Scientifica was a resounding success: This weekend, 25,000 visitors had the chance to experience research at ETH Zurich and the University of Zurich first-hand. True to its theme of light, the science fair in Zurich presented great highlights, spotlights and plenty of enlightenment. are digested, not absorbednoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminThere has been a lot of controversy in recent years over the issue of whether exogenous microRNA molecules can be absorbed from food and even have a physiological effect. A new study by ETH professor Markus Stoffel using mouse models settles the question by demonstrating that the posited dietary uptake does not take place. This questions the potentially promising concept of creating functional foods based on microRNAs. the frontier of the quantum worldnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminFrench Nobel laureate Serge Haroche will give the Paul Bernays Lectures next week at ETH Zurich. In his research he deals with the transition from quantum physics to classical physics. – ein wissenschaftliches Wagnis mit langer Geschichtenoemail@noemail.orgDoktorandin Franziska Hupfer, ETH ZürichSeit knapp 140 Jahren erstellen Wissenschaftler Prognosen über zukünftige Geschehnisse in der Atmosphäre. Anfänglich waren Vorhersagen umstritten, heute sind sie breit etabliert. Dabei geht es immer auch um die Frage, wie mit Unsicherheiten umzugehen sei. Was uns die historische Perspektive für die Prognosen der Gegenwart lehrt. – a serious hazard for Switzerlandnoemail@noemail.orgAfter ten years of intensive research, the Swiss Seismological Service (SED) at ETH Zurich has created an updated seismic hazard model, which confirms that earthquakes are a serious hazard for Switzerland. science for competitive renewables?noemail@noemail.orgDr. Oscar van Vliet, ETH Zürich A group of British éminences grises recently launched a 'global Apollo programme'. This has nothing to do with space, but rather with renewable energy, electricity storage and smart grids. And I think this initiative is great but it misses the mark at the same time. on for Scientifica 2015noemail@noemail.orgClaudia NaegeliAt Scientifica 2015, everything revolves around the theme of light. This weekend’s event will feature 300 researchers from ETH and the University of Zurich presenting their work and explaining how they use light to observe and understand the world. outside the boxnoemail@noemail.orgInken de WittDesign Thinking is an innovation method that puts people centre stage when developing new ideas. For the first time, ETH Zurich is offering master’s students in any field a course on this approach to innovation. Windparks virtuell erlebennoemail@noemail.orgDr. Ulrike Wissen Hayek, ETH ZürichWindparks lösen häufig energische Diskussionen aus. Kritische Punkte sind dabei die Veränderung des Landschaftsbilds sowie die Geräusche der Windturbinen. VisAsim, unsere visuell-akustische Simulation von Windparks, hat grosses Potenzial, beim Planen von Windenergieanlagen die Meinungsbildung zu unterstützen.“An extra expenditure that paid off!”noemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchläfliTen years ago, ETH Zurich began collaborating with TU Delft and RWTH Aachen on a trinational Joint Master Programme in Applied Geophysics. We asked Professor of Geophysics Hansruedi Maurer what ETH Zurich has learned from the pioneering project. in the future of D-BSSEnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerThe Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering (D-BSSE) at ETH Zurich in Basel and the University of Basel are looking to expand their collaboration. The cantons of Basel-Stadt and Basel-Landschaft are investing a total of CHF 10 million with a view to strengthening their collaboration in the field of personalised medicine and implementing new infrastructure measures. off in Scotlandnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Jaboury Ghazoul, ETH Zürich“When one tugs at a single thing in nature, he finds it attached to the rest of the world.” John Muir’s observation encapsulates the inherent interconnectedness that lies at the heart of environmental issues. It is this that makes environmental problems not only complex, but also wicked—in seeking to address one issue we create new conflicts.;Personal contacts are important&quot;noemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminETH Zurich's Industry Day will take place tomorrow. Over the course of the event, 19 ETH professors and scientists will present their current research to industry R&amp;D representatives. One of them is Petra Dittrich, a Professor of Bioanalytics. In an interview with ETH News, she discusses her expectations for the day, as well as the importance of working with the business community. bamboo bike for everyday usenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggThree computer science students at ETH Zurich want to bring to market a bicycle made of bamboo at a price of no more than 500 Swiss francs. The first batch of bikes is now in production. Besonderheiten bei der Planung von Windparksnoemail@noemail.orgDoktorandin Fanny Frei, ETH ZürichDas nachhaltig nutzbare Potenzial der Windkraft in der Schweiz ist gemäss Behörden und Verbänden vielversprechend. Es liegt aber noch überwiegend brach. Statt in neue Windkraftanlagen in der Schweiz wird eher in solche im europäischen Ausland investiert. Das liegt primär am vergleichsweise hohen Planungsaufwand hierzulande. ideas for the home of the futurenoemail@noemail.orgAdrian RitterOperating lights and blinds with your smartphone. Felix Adamczyk is bringing home automation products to the market with the ETH spin-off Smart Home Technology. And the ideas just keep on coming.äfer im Klimawandelnoemail@noemail.orgDr. Oliver Jakoby, WSLSicher kennen Sie noch den Borkenkäfer. Vor einigen Jahren befiel er nach starken Stürmen und dem Hitzesommer 2003 grossflächig Fichtenbestände und verursachte enorme forstwirtschaftliche Schäden. Aber ist er auch heutzutage noch gefährlich? Und wie wird sich der Klimawandel auf ihn auswirken? Switzerland invented rankings and became a nation of sciencenoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerSince the 18th century, the international success of natural science research has played a significant role in shaping the international image of Switzerland. Bernhard Schär and Lea Pfäffli, two historians at ETH Zurich, have investigated its history. lipids are flippednoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggA team of researchers at ETH Zurich and the University of Bern has succeeded in determining the structure of a lipid flippase at high resolution, which has provided insight into how this membrane protein transports lipids by flipping. like it even hotternoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggScientists in Iceland have drilled into a reservoir of extremely hot water that has the potential to greatly expand geothermal electricity output. Now ETH geoscientists have for the first time been able to produce a realistic simulation of how such reservoirs are created. They predict that these natural phenomena are widespread in volcanic areas. a female X chromosome is inactivatednoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminIn female mammals, one of the two X chromosomes is inactivated. Thanks to research using special stem cells, geneticists at ETH Zurich have been able to provide detailed insight into the molecular mechanism behind this inactivation process. strong and heat-resistantnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminETH researchers have produced a thin film and extremely fine pillars from a new class of alloys made of multiple finely distributed elements. The material is resistant to extreme pressures and temperatures. practice session a successnoemail@noemail.orgZurich will host the first Cybathlon in autumn 2016, bringing together physically impaired people from all over the world to compete against each other using the latest assistive technologies. ETH Zurich welcomed 30 of the participating teams from 15 countries to complete a practice session at the Swiss Arena in Kloten. from slaughterhouse wastenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH researchers have developed a yarn from ordinary gelatine that has good qualities similar to those of merino wool fibres. Now they are working on making the yarn even more water-resistant., faster, cheapernoemail@noemail.orgOliver MorschTransmitting large amounts of data, such as those needed to keep the internet running, requires high-performance modulators that turn electric signals into light signals. Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a modulator that is a hundred times smaller than conventional models. efficiency hypothesis confirmednoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminOne of the big questions intelligence researchers grapple with is just how differences in intelligence are reflected in the human brain. Researchers at ETH Zurich have succeeded in studying further details relating to suspected functional differences in the brains of intelligent people. clusters boost company successnoemail@noemail.orgInken De WitFaster, more global, more complex – innovation and product cycles are constantly changing. A study conducted by the Chair of Strategic Management and Innovation at ETH Zurich found that the best way to keep up with the competition is sharing knowledge within a business cluster. Europe sweatnoemail@noemail.orgAstrid Tomczak-PlewkaStable high-pressure systems can lead to summer heatwaves – such as the one Europe is currently experiencing. The phenomenon is caused by the blocking of low pressure areas. ETH meteorologists are now shedding new light on the formation of blocking patterns. charm of the recent pastnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsMonte Verità, or the &quot;Mountain of Truth&quot;, was recently the setting for an international gathering of historians, aimed at finding new patterns of interpretation for the period between 1980 and 2010. David Gugerli, a Professor of History of Technology at ETH and conference co-organiser, discusses the bold conference format and key findings from the meeting. blog’s on holidaynoemail@noemail.orgBlog-RedaktionOur writers are off on a well-deserved summer break until 18 August. We wish all of you a pleasant summer, whether you take a staycation or venture further afield ... it easier to analyse proteinsnoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsLess time, fewer errors and simpler to perform. That is what is promised by this new approach to analysing proteins in the lab. Tina Hovestadt received a Pioneer Fellowship from ETH Zurich for this project. precocious black holenoemail@noemail.orgBarbara VonarburgBlack holes can be found at the centres of most galaxies. Most have little mass compared with their host galaxy. ETH researchers, however, have discovered a particularly massive black hole, which clearly grew so quickly that the host galaxy was not able to keep pace. This calls into question previous thinking on the co-evolution of galaxies and their central black holes. professors at ETH Zurich appointednoemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamAt its meeting of 8/9 July 2015, the ETH Board appointed six professors at ETH Zurich in accordance with the application submitted by ETH Zurich President Lino Guzzella. properly – published incorrectlynoemail@noemail.orgIn early 2015, Olivier Voinnet, ETH Zurich professor for RNA Biology, was accused in online forums of manipulating figures in his publications. The Executive Board of ETH Zurich is now publishing the report of the independent commission of inquiry into the accusations made against the ETH professor. According to the report, Voinnet breached his duty of care in the handling of figures as well as in his supervisory duties as a research director. ETH is taking appropriate measures to address the issue. World Food System Challenges on the Mountain of Truthnoemail@noemail.orgMichelle Grant, ETH ZürichProviding a safe, sufficient and healthy diet to everyone on the planet in a way that is socially, economically and environmentally sustainable: this is one of the most crucial challenges of our time. A recent gathering of thought leaders explored the role that interdisciplinary research and cross-sector collaboration can play in addressing food system challenges. Klimaziel ist zweckmässig? noemail@noemail.orgProf. Andreas Fischlin, ETH ZürichDas Zwei-Grad-Ziel zur Beschränkung der Erderwärmung ist in der Klimapolitik und in der Öffentlichkeit relativ gut etabliert. Dennoch arbeiten Wissenschaftler daran, dieses langfristige Schutzziel im Hinblick auf die UN-Klimakonferenz in Paris 2015 zu überprüfen. Welches Ziel ist sinnvoll, um den Klimawandel einzudämmen? with quantum physicsnoemail@noemail.orgOliver MorschSebastian Huber and his colleagues show that the road from abstract theory to practical applications needn’t always be very long. Their mechanical implementation of a quantum mechanical phenomenon could soon be used for soundproofing purposes. the Anthropocenenoemail@noemail.orgDr. Emily Eliza Scott, ETH ZürichRecently, paired events – a lecture by geographer Kathryn Yusoff and a colorful evening “slam” – took place, organized by the fledgling interdisciplinary group, Environmental Humanities Switzerland. Both explored the potential and limits of the “Anthropocene” thesis: the idea that we’ve entered a new geologic epoch wherein humans are actively altering Earth systems. on your platenoemail@noemail.orgMarianne LucienETH Zurich researchers enlightened guests about the food value chain and the science behind what was served on their plates during the opening ceremony of Zurich week in the Swiss Pavilion at Expo Milano 2015 last Monday. the birth of a planetnoemail@noemail.orgBarbara VonarburgAstronomers at ETH Zurich have confirmed the existence of a young giant gas planet still embedded in the midst of the disk of gas and dust surrounding its parent star. For the first time, scientists are able to directly study the formation of a planet at a very early stage. baut bei den Erneuerbaren eine führende Rolle aufnoemail@noemail.orgKlaus Ragaller, SATWDänemark, Spanien und Portugal gelten als Pioniere der erneuerbaren Energie. Sie speisen heute weit mehr Sonnen- und Windenergie in ihre Stromnetze ein als jemals erwartet und zeigen so, dass eine Energiewende unabhängig von der geografischen Lage möglich ist. Europa hat künftig die Chance, seine Vorreiterrolle weiter auszubauen. we get defectors to cooperatenoemail@noemail.orgBettina JakobWhen a person in a group violates a norm, he or she is often punished by the others. In a game theory experiment, ETH sociologist Andreas Diekmann shows that this defector is most likely to be punished if those injured by the violation have differing levels of strength. Among equals, in contrast, the defector tends to get away with it. for allnoemail@noemail.orgInken De WitThe use of 3D printing continues to rise among students and researchers. ETH Zurich has set up a special web platform so people will be able to find the right printer faster in future. At the same time, the ETH Additive Manufacturing Community has also been created, forming a place where researchers can exchange ideas on the various applications of 3D printing., trusted – and up to datenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggIn their fourth semester, students on the ETH Bachelor in Environmental Sciences course discover the joys of integrated practicals – a cornerstone of the programme ever since the Department of Environmental Systems Science was founded. priorities for a sustainable food systemnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsAmong the great research challenges for the future will be the efficient use of resources and the provision of healthy and safe food. Further details are given in a new study carried out by the World Food System Center at ETH Zurich commissioned by the Federal Office for Agriculture. An interview with ETH professor Nina Buchmann, chair of the World Food System Center and co-author of the report. Verantwortung für eine nachhaltige Zukunftnoemail@noemail.orgChristine Bratrich, ETH ZürichDie ETH Zürich will und soll ihre Aufgaben für Forschung, Lehre und den Campus-Betrieb möglichst im Einklang mit einer nachhaltigen Entwicklung erfüllen. Dies in die Praxis umzusetzen, ist in mancher Hinsicht eine Herausforderung, wie unser neuer Nachhaltigkeitsbericht zeigt. Doch wir haben auch einiges erreicht. Eine Bestandsaufnahme. the brightest lights in the universe ‘flicker’noemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsActive galactic nuclei are the brightest objects in the universe. They are not lit up permanently, but rather ‘flicker’ extremely slowly. This insight helps ETH researchers better understand the influence these nuclei and black holes have on their host galaxy. messen wir die Erderwärmung?noemail@noemail.orgProf. Reto Knutti, ETH ZürichDie Frage scheint für den Klimawandel essentiell und denkbar einfach: Wie stark erwärmt sich die Oberfläche unseres Planeten? Wer sich damit beschäftigt, landet schnell bei weiteren fundamentalen Fragen: Was ist überhaupt Temperatur, und wie misst man sie? Und was braucht es, um die globale Temperatur über die Zeit hinweg zu bestimmen? Borer will be the new head of Corporate Communicationnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsAs of October 1, 2015, Rainer Borer will be the new head of Corporate Communication of ETH Zurich. At the age of 52, he will join ETH after leaving the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority (FINMA) where he was responsible for strategic communication. Before joining FINMA he headed for eight years the economy editorial staff of Swiss public radio SRF. dropletsnoemail@noemail.orgAngelika JacobsJust as the size of transistors continues to decrease, laboratories are also expected to shrink until they eventually fit on a chip. ETH Zurich researchers have developed a system of using sound waves to move, merge or sort minuscule droplets with reagents or cells in a controlled manner. forests with radarnoemail@noemail.orgRoland BaumannTo find out more about the Earth’s biomass, Irena Hajnsek is collecting data from the air. powers a vicious circlenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH researchers have found a hitherto unknown molecular mechanism that is driven by fructose and can lead to cardiac enlargement and heart failure. die Klimaerwärmung nur scheinbar pausiert?noemail@noemail.orgProf. Reto Knutti, ETH ZürichDer Befund, dass es auf der Erde in den letzten Jahren trotz steigender CO2-Emissionen kaum wärmer wurde, prägt die Klimadiskussion seit geraumer Zeit. Nun behauptet eine Studie der amerikanischen Wetterbehörde NOAA, dass die «Klimapause» gar nicht existiert. Ein lehrreiches Beispiel dafür, was die «Realität» eigentlich ist, und wie Wissenschaft funktioniert. of Information Securitynoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH Zurich is expanding its Zurich Information Security and Privacy Center (ZISC). A donation of five million Swiss francs has been made by Zürcher Kantonalbank to the ETH Zurich Foundation specifically for this purpose. festival of success storiesnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliOn Monday, the “venture” start-up competition celebrated its tenth run. Six ETH Zurich companies were among this year’s finalists, with Pregnostics winning the prize for best business idea. wirkt sich die Energiewende auf unser Stromnetz aus?noemail@noemail.orgDr. Andreas Ulbig, ETH ZürichDie nachhaltige Energieversorgung mittels erneuerbaren Energien und der europaweite Stromhandel stellen unser Stromnetz vor vielseitige Herausforderungen – sowohl im Netzbetrieb als auch bei der Planung. Demgegenüber stehen viele Lösungsansätze und Betriebskonzepte für das Stromnetz von morgen. Eine Auslegeordnung aus technischer Sicht. up for fast ionic conductionnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminETH material engineers found that the performance of ion-conducting ceramic membranes that are so important in industry depends largely on their strain and buckling profiles. For the first time, scientists can now selectively manipulate the buckling profile, and thus the physical properties, allowing new technical applications of these membranes. communicationsnoemail@noemail.orgMartina MärkiLight is a medium that allows for efficient data transmission at the highest data rates. Jürg Leuthold, head of the Institute of Electromagnetic Fields, explains how researchers continue pushing the boundaries of the possible. of X-raysnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminETH Professor Marco Stampanoni played a major role in advancing X-ray microscopy. Now, scientists can even shoot three-dimensional and extremely high-resolution films. new and game-changing magnetoresistancenoemail@noemail.orgBarbara VonarburgMore than 150 years ago, William Thomson, later Lord Kelvin, discovered the magnetoresistive effect. Today, this finding enables sensors to measure the rotational speed of a car wheel, and is also used in compass navigation and robot control systems. ETH material scientists have now found a new kind of magnetoresistance that promises further insight into basic research and could one day be used for practical applications. Laser to Spasernoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggThis year’s Rössler Prize has been awarded to David J. Norris. The materials engineering professor in the Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering researches nano-optics at the interface of chemistry, materials and engineering. planen wir das Stromnetz der Zukunft?noemail@noemail.orgDr. Christian Schaffner, ETH ZürichAtomausstieg, massiver Zubau erneuerbarer Energien sowie ändernde wirtschaftliche und politische Rahmenbedingungen: der Wandel in der Stromwirtschaft ist in vollem Gang. Um ihn zu meistern, müssen wir nicht zuletzt unsere Übertragungsnetze anpassen. Denn nur mit einem stabilen Stromnetz können wir die Versorgungssicherheit auf dem heutigen hohen Niveau halten. winner doesn’t always take allnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggTheoretically predicted and now demonstrated experimentally for the first time using soil bacteria: weaker organisms can prevail against stronger ones – if they are superior in number. This acts as a driving mechanism in the maintenance of genetic diversity. Agrovet-Strickhof construction project is underwaynoemail@noemail.orgAlice WernerThe building permit has been issued: ETH Zurich, the University of Zurich and the Canton of Zurich have permission to build the Agrovet-Strickhof, a jointly operated agricultural education and research centre in Eschikon Lindau. Research director Carla Soliva and IT director Hans-Rudolf Wettstein are here to share their thoughts on the planned buildings and the opportunities for livestock research. composite material as CO2 sensornoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminA new material changes its conductivity depending on the concentration of CO<sub>2</sub> in the environment. The researchers who developed it have utilized the material to produce a miniature, simply constructed sensor. German at turbo speednoemail@noemail.orgAlice WernerThe Language Center of the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich has developed a new, nine-month intensive German course. This highly practical course aims to open the way for better integration of doctoral students from outside Switzerland. The graduates of the first course have plenty of success stories to share. sector walls on the nano scalenoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminScientists at ETH Zurich are able to visualize and selectively modify the internal order of an intensively researched class of materials known as multiferroics. This opens the door to promising applications in electronics. The researchers are particularly interested in the walls of the ordered sections. to a greener constructionnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Guillaume Habert, ETH ZürichOn 2<sup>nd</sup> June 2015, ETH Zurich House of Natural Resources (HoNR) opened in ETH Hönggerberg Campus. The event highlights not only the inauguration of a new building but the showcase of a new milestone in sustainable construction. professor Nicola Spaldin receives the 2015 Körber Prizenoemail@noemail.orgNicola Spaldin, Professor for Material Theory at ETH Zurich, has been awarded the Körber Prize, one of the most prestigious scientific awards in Europe. The EUR 750,000 Körber Prize honours outstanding scientists working in Europe. The researcher is to receive the Körber Prize for the creation of a new class of crystalline compounds that could revolutionise the world of computers. robotics for adaptive building facadesnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Arno Schlüter, ETH ZürichToday, building envelopes tend to be static and unable to adapt to changing conditions. Now, for the first time, an adaptable façade has been used for the newly inaugurated House of Natural Resources (HoNR) that produces electricity and regulates light and heat generation. for sustainable constructionnoemail@noemail.orgThe House of Natural Resources (HoNR) is a flagship project for a hardwood building. Today marked the inauguration of the office building on ETH’s Hönggerberg campus after 18 months of construction. It is an exciting development for researchers at ETH Zurich as the building will serve as a research laboratory for sustainable construction. man who pushes boundariesnoemail@noemail.orgAstrid Tomczak-PlewkaJohan Robertsson is a professor of geophysics at ETH Zurich, a specialist in seismic wave propagation, an amateur historian and an outdoor enthusiast. For his work in development of a new method of acquiring seismic data, he has now been honoured with the ‘New Frontiers of Hydrocarbons’ Eni Award, the world’s most prestigious prize in the field of energy sector. ETH researchers awarded grantsnoemail@noemail.orgSeven ETH Zurich professors have applied successfully for an ERC Advanced Grant, which is worth about CHF 2.5 million. Two of the seven received the coveted award for the second time. pioneer of the Swiss internet to retirenoemail@noemail.orgInken De WitProfessor Bernhard Plattner, one of the fathers of the Swiss internet and a pioneer in computer networks is set to retire at the end of July 2015. The Computer Engineering and Networks Laboratory, which he co-founded, will simultaneously celebrate its 25th anniversary with an open day. ETH hub for computer gamesnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliETH Zurich’s new Game Technology Center in the Department of Computer Science will pool Swiss know-how in the development of computer games. This was announced on Wednesday as part of the final presentation of the Game Programming Laboratory. dem Weg nach Paris – wo stehen wir?noemail@noemail.orgDr. Tim Reutemann, UNEP-DTUIm Dezember 2015 findet in Paris die nächste UN-Klimakonferenz statt, an der eine neue internationale Klimaschutz-Vereinbarung verabschiedet werden soll. Im Vorfeld dieser 21. Conference of the Parties (COP21) sollten die Staaten ihre geplanten Beiträge zum Klimaschutz einreichen. Eine Zwischenbilanz. pavilion made from waste productsnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Dirk Hebel, Singapore-ETH CentreFor the IDEAS CITY Festival in New York at the end of May, ETH Zurich is constructing a 90 m2 pavilion made from recycled beverage packaging. The project, led by ETH Global and Professor Dirk E. Hebel and Professor Philippe Block, aims to show the immense potential of waste for the construction sector. quantum catsnoemail@noemail.orgOliver MorschETH professor Jonathan Home and his colleagues reach deep into their bag of tricks to create so-called “squeezed Schrödinger cats”. These quantum systems could be extremely useful for future technologies. professors at ETH Zurich appointednoemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamAt its meeting of 20/21 March 2015, the ETH Board appointed 12 professors at ETH Zurich in accordance with the application submitted by ETH President Lino Guzzella. Cities Laboratory to continuenoemail@noemail.orgSingapore’s National Research Foundation has awarded funding to the Singapore-ETH Centre for a second five-year phase of the Future Cities Laboratory. The second phase commences in September 2015 and addresses the challenges of sustainable urban development.ähigkeit braucht Zeitnoemail@noemail.orgChristoph Küffer, ETH ZürichSlow Food, Slow Mobility, und passend zum Frühling Slow Gardening. Entschleunigung ist im Trend. Mehr bewusste Langsamkeit fordert auch Slow Science: Die Forschung sei zu hastig, einseitig und kompetitiv geworden. Dabei braucht gerade die Nachhaltigkeit viel Zeit. years of technology and economicsnoemail@noemail.orgAdrian RitterThe Department of Management, Technology and Economics (D-MTEC) is celebrating its tenth anniversary. In both its research and teaching, the department explores the interfaces between technology and economics. Graduates with in-depth knowledge in these areas are in high demand on the labour market. athletes compete in disciplines drawn from everyday lifenoemail@noemail.orgVanessa BleichNext year's Cybathlon will host people with physical disabilities equipped with advanced assistive devices including robotic technologies. The goal of this unique competition is to remove barriers between people with physical disabilities, researchers and the general public and to promote the development of assistive technologies that are useful for daily life. We talked to Robert Riener, the Cybathlon's main organizer and Professor of Sensory-Motor Systems at ETH. proteins make individual cells visiblenoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminResearchers discovered a new mechanism of how fluorescent proteins can change colour. It enables the microscopic visualization of individual cells in their three-dimensional environment in living organisms. the Love of Treesnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Jaboury Ghazoul, ETH ZürichSince the dawn of human civilization, trees and forests have provided us with food, resources, and energy. And humans often have a strong sense of connection with trees – we display an affection and tenderness for them. But the history of human development is also one of forest loss and transformation. life and death of beta cellsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH researchers studying microRNA – tiny strands of ribonucleic acid – in beta cells have found a type that plays a key role in cell death under stress. on the lake bednoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggAn unusual and unexpected discovery: on the floor of Lake Neuchâtel, geologists have happened upon huge underwater craters – some of the largest in the world to be found in lakes. They are not volcanic in origin, but were caused instead by giant freshwater springs. horses express emotionnoemail@noemail.orgInken De WitHorse whinnies are made of two different fundamental frequencies. This particularity allows horses to express both positive and negative emotions, and at the same time convey the strength of these emotions. This is what researchers at ETH Zurich learned in the course of a research project that seeks to understand the evolution of emotion expression. Until now, it was not known that horses whinny in two voices.“I see myself as a discoverer”noemail@noemail.orgBarbara VonarburgProfessor Ursula Keller’s area of expertise is ultrashort laser pulses. Together with her group at ETH, she is currently developing new metrology techniques and novel semiconductor lasers that might well find application in every household. Ursula Keller will be in California on 13 May 2015 to receive the renowned OSA Charles H. Townes Award in recognition of her achievements. Hochwassernoemail@noemail.orgProf. Bernhard Wehrli, ETH Zürich/EawagHöhere Dämme allein schützen nicht vor Fluten. Die Wasserbauer im Alpenraum erfinden gegenwärtig den Hochwasserschutz neu: Sie verbreitern den Raum für die Fliessgewässer, bauen versiegelte Flächen um und programmieren Computermodelle für bessere Hochwasserprognosen. your own movement – all in the name of researchnoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsAs part of a campaign run by the Swiss radio and television broadcaster SRF, two members of ETH Zurich have developed an app which allows users to carry out live comparisons between their own physical activity data with that of others. The data collected is then made available for research. two careersnoemail@noemail.orgInken de WitWhen researchers from abroad move to ETH Zurich, their partners often try to find a new job in Switzerland as well. In order to be able to help them more with their job search, ETH Zurich has recently joined the International Dual Career Network (IDCN). steht’s um die Schweizer Energieeffizienz?noemail@noemail.orgDoktorandin Nina Boogen, ETH ZürichEnergieeffizienz ist im Zuge der Energiestrategie 2050 ein grosses Thema. Aber wie effizient – oder ineffizient – sind wir denn nun, und wie gross ist das Einsparpotential? Diese Fragen versuchen wir mit einem dreijährigen Forschungsprojekt zumindest für Schweizer Haushalte zu beantworten. Paradies für Wildbienennoemail@noemail.orgDr. Claudio Sedivy, ETH-Spin-off «Wildbiene+Partner»Die rund 600 Wildbienenarten der Schweiz unterscheiden sich stark in ihren Blütenpräferenzen und Ansprüchen an Niststrukturen. Um möglichst viele und auch seltene Arten zu fördern, entstehen auf dem Gelände der ETH Zürich zwei neue Wildbienenparadiese, die diese Ansprüche vereinen. violence on the decline noemail@noemail.orgClaudia NaegeliResearchers at ETH Zurich's Criminological Research Unit have examined the evolution of violence among youths in the canton of Zurich. Their study shows that the propensity towards violence is clearly decreasing within this age group. in subduction zonesnoemail@noemail.orgAstrid Tomczak-PlewkaWhen tectonic plates collide, they produce earthquakes like the recent one in Nepal. Researchers at ETH Zurich are providing new ways to explain how and why superquakes occur in zones where one plate moves under another, such as off the coast of Japan. earth sciences best in the worldnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH Zurich's earth scientists performed especially well in the QS Rankings by Subject, achieving the top ranking among all universities worldwide. ETH's environmental sciences faculty also rank among the best in the world. Zurich’s 2014 Annual Report is now availablenoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerETH Zurich’s 2014 Annual Report is now available, featuring the most significant achievements, developments and events of the past year. batteries and fuel cellsnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Anthony Patt, ETH ZürichIn order to halt climate change, we need to transform our transportation system. Although people have voiced doubts about whether plug-in electric cars will live up to their promise of convenient, CO<sub>2</sub> -free transportation, the technology has already improved markedly and will continue to advance. full of ambition and intelligence noemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsAt “Meet the Talent 2015” last Tuesday evening, the patrons of the “Excellence Scholarship &amp; Opportunity Programme” were able to make the personal acquaintance of their scholarship holders and their research projects. than half of hot extremes due to climate changenoemail@noemail.orgDr. Erich Fischer, ETH ZürichTorrential rains and blazing heat have been mentioned even in the oldest manuscripts and have always been part of the climate. A substantial proportion of today’s extreme high-temperature and heavy rainfall events, however, can be attributed to the observed warming. genome mappednoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggA research collaboration spearheaded by ETH Zurich has shed light on the genome of two commercially important species of bumblebees. The findings provide unexpected insights into the ecology and evolution of bumblebees and honeybees. Verschwendung: Einfach alles aufessen?noemail@noemail.orgDoktorand Claudio Beretta, ETH ZürichIn Sachen Essen wäre in Industrieländern weniger oft mehr: Übergewicht und ungesunde Ernährung machen viele Menschen krank. Macht es da Sinn, die heute verschwendeten Nahrungsmittel auch noch zu essen? Oder müssen wir den Hebel gegen die Verschwendung anderswo ansetzen? creation of Shangri-Lanoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggGeoscientists are using a new simulation to condense a period lasting millions of years to explain the formation of the high-lying valleys in the south-eastern end of the Tibetan Plateau: the true Shangri-La. In doing so, they are turning previous ideas on their head. news and bad news for oil palm smallholdersnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Jaboury Ghazoul, ETH ZürichOver the last year, palm oil prices have dropped drastically. Has oil palm turned from blessing to curse for small-scale farmers? Depending on the region, this development may hold some opportunities for smallholders. on the “computer test bench”noemail@noemail.orgSimone UlmerThanks to a special computer programme, researchers from ETH Zurich are able to simulate electronic nanocomponents and help materials science and industry in the development and production process. does research need to be independent?noemail@noemail.orgCorinne Hodel (Video) and Andrea Schmits (Text)In the Polybahn-Pitch, Detlef Günther, Vice President Research and Corporate Relations, answers this question in one minute. galaxies die from the inside outnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminAn international team of researchers led by ETH scientists has gained new insights into how once active giant galaxies came to rest and ceased to form new stars. Town: Seeding Sustainable Settlementsnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Stephen Cairns, Singapore-ETH CentreIn Asia and Africa, rapid urbanisation has seen human populations move to cities on an unprecedented scale. Increasingly, the inability to settle these new urban dwellers into formal housing, and the inability to engage them economically and socially is bringing about serious urban issues. human evolution with robotsnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliWith the help of robots, archaeologists may soon be able to compare their findings with data from thousands of experimental reference samples, enabling them to determine tool use in the Stone Age. ETH scientists have developed a robotic system and presented it at the industry fair in Hanover. light on dark matternoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggTwo years ago, an international research collaboration set out to investigate the mysterious dark matter and dark energy in our universe. Now an ETH postdoctoral researcher has co-led a publication presenting the exciting first results. ETH professor Alexandre Refregier explains why this publication will have a high impact and whether it proves Albert Einstein wrong. letzte Anarchist der ETHnoemail@noemail.orgChristoph Küffer, ETH ZürichVor 25 Jahren wurde Paul Feyerabend als Professor der ETH Zürich emeritiert. Er war ein Weltstar der Philosophie, der wichtige Grundsteine für die moderne Umweltforschung gelegt hat. Und er galt als Anarchist. under investigationnoemail@noemail.orgAllegations that were made online against an ETH professor have now been picked up in the media. On learning of the accusations, ETH Zurich immediately appointed an investigative commission. ist mit hoher Versorgungssicherheit möglichnoemail@noemail.orgKlaus Ragaller, SATWIn letzter Zeit wurden vermehrt kritische Stimmen laut zur Versorgungsicherheit der Energiestrategie 2050. Der Umstieg auf erneuerbare Energien ist zwar tatsächlich sehr anspruchsvoll, jedoch sogar mit steigender Zuverlässigkeit möglich. Dies zeigt eine neue Analyse der Netzbetreiber. out oxidative stressnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggOxidative stress damages the immune system. Manfred Kopf and his team of ETH research scientists have now shown for the first time that higher doses of vitamin E can reduce the stress on immune cells. systemische Sicht auf die Mobilitätszukunftnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Konstantinos Boulouchos, ETH ZürichDas Schweizer Kompetenzzentrum «Efficient Mobility» untersucht Wege hin zu einer nachhaltigen Mobilität der Zukunft. Erfolgreich kann die Transformation nur sein, wenn Verkehrssysteme als Ganzes betrachtet werden.“Never before has urbanisation mattered as much”noemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsThe &quot;Bi-City Biennale of Urbanism / Architecture Shenzhen&quot; is the largest of its kind. This year, the ETH professors of architecture Alfredo Brillembourg and Hubert Klumpner are part of the four-person curatorial team. An interview with the two co-curators. mapped at high resolutionnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminResearchers have succeeded in achieving a high-resolution three-dimensional map of a comparatively large, complex and rare molecule: the complete ribosome (the protein-producing machinery) in the mitochondria (the intracellular powerhouse) of mammals. it her all in both athletics and sciencenoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminBettina Heim has succeeded in publishing the results of her semester project in one of the most prestigious scientific journals. Heim was able to show why in certain tests current quantum computing devices were no faster than conventional computers, contrary to previous assumptions. ETH News met the former top athlete and now successful scientist. spark for personalised therapiesnoemail@noemail.orgAngelika JacobsThe 2015 Spark Award goes to a group of researchers led by ETH Professor Manfred Kopf, which has developed a method by which specific characteristics of immune cells can be identified. The technology could prove to be an important tool in personalised medicine. soilsnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Johan Six, ETH ZürichWhile the significance of healthy soils for all life on earth, including human life, is becoming more apparent, we remain minimally committed to their conservation. It is time to use our advances in soil knowledge to manage our soils more sustainably. tobacco to cyberwoodnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminScientists from ETH Zurich have developed a thermometer that is at least 100 times more sensitive than previous temperature sensors. It consists of a bio-synthetic hybrid material of tobacco cells and nanotubes. change does not cause extreme wintersnoemail@noemail.orgClaudia NaegeliCold snaps like the ones that hit the eastern United States in the past winters are not a consequence of climate change. Scientists at ETH Zurich and the California Institute of Technology have shown that global warming actually tends to reduce temperature variability. Magnifying the minusculenoemail@noemail.orgInken De WitNeed an optical or electron microscope for your research? Look no further than ScopeM. The Hönggerberg campus has been home to this technology platform since 2014. pioneer Mauro Ferrari at ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsEvery year, the Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering (D-MAVT) awards the Aurel Stodola Medal to an outstanding scientist in the discipline. Mauro Ferrari, who researches and teaches in the field of nanomedicine at Houston Methodist Hospital in Texas, is honoured this year. He will speak about his research on April 1 at ETH Zurich. pastures and oil palmnoemail@noemail.orgPhD student John Garcia-Ulloa, ETH ZurichUsing pasture lands to develop oil palm cultivation can create a competitive advantage to producers in South America while sparing natural ecosystems, but it will require improvements in the ranching sector to avoid negative indirect effects. Computer Energie?noemail@noemail.orgProf. Friedemann Mattern, ETH ZürichComputer und Kommunikationsnetze benötigen Strom; sie sind für ein bis zwei Prozent des Weltenergieverbrauchs verantwortlich. Andererseits wird mit ihrer Hilfe Energie in anderen Bereichen eingespart, wobei die «smarte» Informationstechnik zunehmend an Bedeutung gewinnt. Bella Vitanoemail@noemail.orgMarianne LucienThe Robotics Industry Association presents ETH Professor Raffaello D'Andrea along with entrepreneur Dean Kamen one of the robotics industry's most prestigious honours – the 2015 Engelberger Award for Technology. What are the secrets behind his success? blue pill to blue lightnoemail@noemail.orgTaking men’s concerns seriously: ETH biotechnologists are developing a biotech solution for erectile dysfunction that consists of a gene construct and a blue light. mechanisms critically examinednoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggThe biologist Dörte Bachmann receives the Hans Vontobel Award 2015. In her doctoral thesis, Bachmann examined why biomass production of diverse grassland is larger than that of less diverse grassland. The findings captured people's attention. Zukunft, die wir wollen?noemail@noemail.orgDr. Michael Dittmar, ETH ZürichIm September 2015 soll die Weltgemeinschaft einen neuen Orientierungsrahmen für die nachhaltige Entwicklung Post-2015 verabschieden. Nach Auffassung des Schweizer Bundesrates soll der globale Referenzrahmen auch die «planetaren Grenzen» als zentralen Punkt berücksichtigen. cord neurons that control pain and itchnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsThe spinal cord transmits pain signals to the brain. But not all the impulses arrive at their destination: Certain neurons act as checkpoints and determine whether a pain signal is relayed or not. Researchers from ETH Zurich and the University of Zurich identified these neurons. Moreover, they developed means to specifically activate these neurons, which reduces not only pain – but astonishingly also alleviates itch. neue Forschergenerationnoemail@noemail.orgDoktorandin Melanie Weisser, ETH ZürichIn Madagaskar wächst eine junge Generation heran, die selbstständig an der Erforschung und dem Schutz der einzigartigen Biodiversität der Insel beteiligt ist. Ermöglicht wird dies durch Bildungsprogramme, die noch weit über die Teilnehmenden hinaus wirken. leadership through self-reflectionnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerTeaching at ETH Zurich is breaking new ground: in one teaching project, students are solving real tasks – and those tasks are set by businesses, not by the university. Another project looks at how lively debate can help participants to develop solid arguments. leadership through self-reflectionnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerTeaching at ETH Zurich is breaking new ground: in one teaching project, students are solving real tasks – and those tasks are set by businesses, not by the university. Another project looks at how lively debate can help participants to develop solid arguments. unlikely attractionnoemail@noemail.orgBarbara VonarburgLike charges normally repel each other. That’s not the case at the interface between air and water. This is where ETH researchers observed an unusual phenomenon with nanoparticles, and found an explanation. Less energy, more spacenoemail@noemail.orgProf. Arno Schlüter, ETH ZürichUrbanization, the general shift from rural to urban living, causes the rapid growth of cities and represents one of the key challenges facing our society. Many epicenters of urbanization are in tropical regions, making the climatic context a central challenge for sustainable construction design. will ETH Zurich’s sites develop over the next 10 years?noemail@noemail.orgCorinne Hodel (Video) and Claudia Naegeli (Text)Roman Boutellier, Vice President for Human Resources and Infrastructure, takes 30 seconds to answer this widely debated question in the latest edition of the videocast “Polybahn pitch”. qubits in a trapnoemail@noemail.orgBarbara VonarburgJonathan Home’s laboratory has a room full of equipment that traps tiny ions and places them in special quantum states – perhaps the first step towards building a quantum computer. support for the Innovation Park in Dübendorfnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliThe Federal Council is pushing ahead with the Swiss Innovation Park: it intends to make 350 million francs available and give the operators land with planning permission. ETH Zurich has been supporting the project for over ten years. Stromnetze für die Energiewendenoemail@noemail.orgProf. Christian Franck, ETH ZürichDie Abkehr von fossilen Energieträgern und der vermehrte Einsatz erneuerbarer Energiequellen stellt neue Anforderungen an das Stromnetz. Der Bau neuer Strommasten stösst aber in der Bevölkerung nicht auf Gegenliebe. Ein nationales Forschungsprogramm erforscht eine vielversprechende Alternative. fabrication: totally realnoemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenDigital technologies are changing our everyday lives, and research at ETH Zurich is playing a major role in this transformation. Realistic film animation, houses built by robots and implants manufactured using 3D printers: the new issue of Globe showcases the vast range of possible applications. building sitesnoemail@noemail.orgFelix Würsten and Corinne Hodel (Interview)Digital technologies have already turned many areas of the economy inside out. Construction is the next sector set to undergo a change: more efficient processes, new materials and more varied houses are the objective. dead-end as a success modelnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggThe coco-de-mer, or the double coconut palm of the Seychelles, grows the largest and heaviest seeds in the entire plant kingdom. Ecologists working with ETH Professor Peter Edwards explain how these plants are able to achieve this feat despite low nutrient levels. made by bioprintersnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel Schlaefli3D printers are opening up new opportunities in medicine too. A group of researchers in a team led by Marcy Zenobi-Wong is printing cartilage transplants using the body’s own cells. They are personalised and grow with the patient. steam aheadnoemail@noemail.orgCorinne HodelA training centre, not a games room: students and SBB trainees alike learn their trade in the ETH railway operations laboratory. professors at ETH Zurich appointednoemail@noemail.orgEditorial teamThe ETH Board appointed six professors at ETH Zurich as part of its meeting of 4/5 March 2015, in accordance with the application submitted by ETH Zurich President Lino Guzzella. medicine with proteinsnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminRuedi Aebersold, Professor of Systems Biology, is one of the world’s leading researchers in proteomics. In the last few years, he has developed the proteomics method together with a team of international researchers to such an extent that doctors and clinical researchers can now use this technique as a tool. In an interview with ETH News, the professor at ETH Zurich and the University of Zurich explains how information from proteins can advance what is commonly known as personalised medicine. rain is dependent on soil moisturenoemail@noemail.orgInken De WitIt rains in summer most frequently when the ground holds a lot of moisture. However, precipitation is most likely to fall in regions where the soil is comparatively dry. This is the conclusion reached by researchers at ETH Zurich following an analysis of worldwide data. Their study contributes to a better understanding of soil moisture, a little explored climatic factor. Taschen und die Landwirtschaft der Zukunftnoemail@noemail.orgDoktorand Raphael Fuhrer, ETH ZürichDieser Tage findet zum dritten Mal die Nachhaltigkeitswoche statt, an der nun fünf Hochschulen beteiligt sind. Der Auftakt wartete unter anderem mit einem Gespräch mit Nachhaltigkeitspionier Markus Freitag und einer Podiumsdiskussion zu einer zukünftigen nachhaltigen Landwirtschaft auf. for a sustainable energy futurenoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminSteven Chu, the American winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics who was US Secretary of Energy between 2009 and 2013, will deliver the Richard R. Ernst lecture this coming Wednesday at ETH Zurich. He will discuss his vision for an economy based on sustainable sources of energy. Strom braucht das Internet?noemail@noemail.orgProf. Friedemann Mattern, ETH ZürichComputer sind heute um ein Vielfaches leistungsfähiger als in ihren Anfängen. Aber sind sie auch sparsamer geworden? Ein nicht unerheblicher Teil des Stromverbrauchs geht auf das Konto unserer digitalen Vernetzung. Stadt der Zukunft: bitte erdbebensicher!noemail@noemail.orgProf. Stefan Wiemer, ETH ZürichDie Bilder nach den Erdbeben in Haiti, Japan, L’Aquila oder Christchurch haben sich tief eingeprägt: zerstörte Häuser, chaotische Szenen, Verletzte und Tote. Erdbeben bleiben auch für die Städte der Zukunft eine tödliche Gefahr, aber wir sind ihnen nicht machtlos ausgeliefert. taxi ride to starch granulesnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggPlant scientists at ETH have discovered a specific protein that significantly influences the formation of starch in plant cells. The findings may be useful in the food and packaging industries.«Nachhaltigkeit ist in unserer DNA!» Wirklich?noemail@noemail.orgDoktorand Tim Reutemann, ETH ZürichNachhaltigkeit ist heute für Unternehmen ein zentrales Thema. Dennoch scheint es kaum Jobs für Nachhaltigkeitsexperten in der freien Wirtschaft zu geben. Ohne Expertenwissen können aber auch die ernsthaftesten Bemühungen der Konzerne ins Leere laufen. with a social relevancenoemail@noemail.orgFranziska SchmidMichael Ambühl, Professor of Negotiation and Conflict Management, has just published his much discussed proposal on the implementation of the mass immigration initiative in the Swiss Political Science Review. ETH News spoke to him about the relationship between research and politics. oscilloscope for MRI scannersnoemail@noemail.orgAnna MaltsevTake three driven physics wizards, an innovative business idea and lots of hard work, and what do you get? An ETH spin-off that could further advance both MRI research and medical diagnostics.’s ‘Grand Prix Literatur’ award goes to Adolf Muschgnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsAdolf Muschg, emeritus professor of ETH Zurich, received the Swiss Grand Prix Literatur award for his complete literary works on Thursday. Federal Councillor Alain Berset honoured the writer at the ceremony of the Swiss literary awards. grants for ETH researchersnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggTwo ETH Zurich researchers receive money for their projects from the Swiss National Science Foundation. This will bridge the gap in financing left by the exclusion of Swiss researchers for ERC grants. grey energy in smartphones and sausagesnoemail@noemail.orgDr. Oscar van Vliet, ETH ZürichThe upcoming Volksinitiative “Energie- statt Mehrwertsteuer” makes for a good example of how a seemingly simple question can sprawl into a very complicated analysis that spans the globe and involves multiple fields of science. laboratory for the real world noemail@noemail.orgInken De WitThe new MSc programme in Science, Technology and Policy offered at ETH Zurich aims to equip natural scientists, engineers and architects with the necessary skills in order to provide academic support for and help shape political, economic and social decision-making processes. may be harmfulnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminResearchers at ETH Zurich asked consumers in German-speaking Switzerland how often they used sunscreens and other personal care products. The collected data make for interesting reading: part of the population applies sunscreen to the skin in quantities that could potentially be harmful to health.'s worms, our worrynoemail@noemail.orgProf. Jaboury Ghazoul, ETH ZürichAround 150 years ago, Charles Darwin championed the role of earthworms in maintaining healthy soils. Since then, much topsoil has been lost and soil biodiversity degraded. Urgent action is required in 2015, the International Year of Soils, to readdress this immense problem. tester for beating cardiac cellsnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminFor the first time, scientists have succeeded in recording the current in membrane channels of contracting cardiac cells. To do this, the scientists combined an atomic force microscope with a widely used method for measuring electrical signals in cells. how to exchange knowledge across disciplinary bordersnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerVartan Kurtcuoglu crosses the border between medicine and mechanical engineering: at the University of Zurich, the ETH Zurich graduate develops medical computer models for the heart and kidneys. Anyone who studies under him soon learns what to be aware of in interdisciplinary projects. is education at ETH Zurich so important for Switzerland?noemail@noemail.orgCorinne Hodel (video) and Andrea Schmits (text)Short and sweet: In the Polybahn pitch, the new Rector, Sarah Springman, answers this question in only a minute. a journey of discoverynoemail@noemail.orgMartina MärkiA very special kind of course catalogue has just been released. The first ever Critical Thinking annual programme presents ETH (teaching) events that focus on cross-disciplinary and interdisciplinary skills. for eternitynoemail@noemail.orgAngelika JacobsHow can we preserve our knowledge today for the next millennia? ETH researchers have found a way to store information in the form of DNA, preserving it for nearly an eternity. of a star quartetnoemail@noemail.orgAn international team of researchers has discovered something extraordinary in space: a new star system forming from parts of a filamentary gas cloud. storms and heavy rainfall in the future climatenoemail@noemail.orgSimone UlmerHail, thunderstorms and heavy rainfall. These extreme events are supposedly on the increase in the course of global warming. High-resolution simulations conducted by ETH-Zurich researchers on CSCS’s supercomputers now add more certainty to the projections. im Netz?noemail@noemail.orgProf. Kay W. Axhausen, ETH ZürichWeltweit wachsen die Megastädte und immer mehr Menschen zieht es in grosse Agglomerationen. Wie können wir heute die besten Verkehrsnetze für die Städte von morgen planen? to escape the empirical nirvananoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggA law professor from ETH Zurich and an economist from MIT have been studying how a court ruling on the use of trademarks as keywords in Internet advertisements affects user behaviour – a case of big data with an interesting beginning and potential. in der Landwirtschaftnoemail@noemail.orgDoktorand Klaus Jarosch, ETH ZürichPhosphor spielt als Pflanzennährstoff eine zentrale Rolle für die Landwirtschaft. Durch eine zielgerichtete Züchtung könnten Pflanzen den vorhandenen Bodenphosphor besser nutzen. Doch es gibt auch innovative Strategien um das Phosphorrecycling zu verbessern. and software for power gridsnoemail@noemail.orgThe ETH-Zurich spin-offs Versantis and Adaptricity are heralding the beginning of a new era of detoxification methods and managing power systems. The two fledgling companies reached the third and final round of the competition Venture Kick. Both spin-offs received CHF 130,000 each in seed capital. the cutting edge of the architecture of the futurenoemail@noemail.orgInken HeebThe Master of Advanced Studies ETH in Architecture and Digital Fabrication is a new continuing education programme initiated by the National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) Digital Fabrication and ETH Zurich. From September, students from all over the world will be able to study innovative methods of construction and design. and the human factornoemail@noemail.orgMarianne LucienLast week's accidental crash landing of a drone at the White House heightened the international debate on the regulation of commercial drones. A conference at ETH Zurich addressed the fact that drone technology comes with controversial applications. – an asset to the smart gridnoemail@noemail.orgPhD student Marina Gonzalez, ETH ZürichMore and more plug-in electric vehicles are appearing on our streets. This poses new challenges for the electrical grid. However, electric vehicles’ batteries can also be a valuable resource when distribution grids become “smart grids”. climate fosters gold ore formationnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggSouth Africa’s Witwatersrand is the site of the world’s largest and richest gold deposit. In order to explain its formation, ETH professor Christoph Heinrich took a look back into the Earth’s early climatic history. coffee creations and healthy wrapsnoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsThere are now new discoveries to be found in Fusion coffee on the Hönggerberg campus: in addition to the Barista service on the new Starbucks Cafébar, you can now also have your salad prepared as a wrap at the «Greens» counter., Klima und Entwicklung – die Rolle Indiensnoemail@noemail.orgProf. em. Daniel Spreng, ETH ZürichDie Energiegewinnung aus Kohle nimmt weltweit zu, besonders auch in Indien. Das Land möchte den Kohleabbau in den kommenden Jahren verdoppeln. Für das Weltklima sind das schlechte Nachrichten. two faces of Marsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggA moon-sized celestial object that crashed into the south pole of Mars: ETH geophysicists have conducted a three-dimensional simulation that shows for the first time how the Red Planet came to have two different hemispheres. nanocrystal solar cellsnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminETH researchers have developed a comprehensive model to explain how electrons flow inside new types of solar cells made of tiny crystals. The model allows for a better understanding of such cells and may help to increase their efficiency. country, big effectsnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Anthony Patt, ETH ZürichMany people claim that Switzerland cannot make much of a difference regarding climate change and the transformation of the global energy system, simply because it is so small. But this belief, and the associated passive stance towards energy policy, ignores the contribution that Switzerland can make as an innovation hub for institutional changes. Holocaust is not ‘unimaginable’noemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerSeventy years ago, on 27 January 1945, soldiers of the Red Army liberated the Auschwitz concentration camp. Gregor Spuhler, head of the Archives of Contemporary History at ETH Zurich, explains in an interview how his institution contributes to commemorating the Holocaust. geoengineering research going outdoors?noemail@noemail.orgPhD student Blaz Gasparini, ETH ZürichGeoengineering research has so far been confined to modelling and laboratory studies. Serious research outside of these limits has been a taboo because of the serious risks this may pose for ecosystems and society. However, two recent publications are breaking the ice and bringing the discussion of field experiments into the limelight of the scientific community. first appearance by the new Rector and a focus on careersnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerThe promotion of upcoming young scientists and career development were the main items on the agenda at the first meeting of the University Assembly in 2015. This was also the first session involving the new Rector of ETH Zurich, Sarah Springman. fresh start for the Swiss higher education systemnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerAs of this year, the interests of all higher education institutions in Switzerland are represented by the new Rectors’ Conference of Swiss Universities, known as swissuniversities. On Tuesday, ETH President Lino Guzzella was elected to the swissuniversities Board. biography in honour of an ETH pioneernoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsFriday was the day of the launch event for a new book about Robert Gnehm. The occasion was organised by the ETH-Bibliothek and the Association of Swiss Pioneers of Industry and Technology. Küstenmanagement in Madagaskarnoemail@noemail.orgDoktorandin Melanie Weisser, ETH ZürichIn Madagaskars Südwesten wächst der Druck auf die natürlichen Ressourcen des Meeres. Wissenschaftler, NGOs und die Bevölkerung versuchen gemeinsam nachhaltige Nutzungsmethoden der Küstengewässer zu etablieren. voyage from the Earth’s crust to its mantle and backnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggUranium isotopes leave a distinct ‘fingerprint’ in the sources of volcanic rocks, making it possible to gauge their age and origin. Geologists have gained a new understanding of how the Earth’s crust is recycled back into its interior based on these uranium isotopes. with Braille for cellsnoemail@noemail.orgAngelika JacobsArtificial implants such as pacemakers often cause complications because the body identifies them as foreign objects. Researchers at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated a simple method to fabricate cellulose-sheaths for implants, whose micro-structured surface makes them especially biocompatible. create knowledgenoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsSearch for asteroids, observe birds or make the computing power of your own computer available: through ‘citizen science’, citizens can participate in various research projects. This week, a workshop takes place at ETH Zurich. Effy Vayena, bioethicist at the University of Zurich and co-organiser of the workshop in an interview. in the Knowledge Economy noemail@noemail.orgMarianne LucienPhil Baty, Editor for the Times Higher Education World University Ranking lectured at ETH Zurich this week on how university rankings evolved from a student consumer tool to a geopolitical indicator for the knowledge economy. und eine Müllabfuhr für die Weltmeerenoemail@noemail.orgProf. Dirk Hebel, Singapore-ETH CentreDas Umweltproblem Plastik hat erschreckende Ausmasse erreicht und wächst stetig. Die dringende Suche nach Alternativen kommt langsam in Gang, mit einigen vielversprechenden Ansätzen. DNA amplifiednoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminFor the first time, researchers have succeeded in amplifying genes altered by activities such as smoking – with changes that can lead to lung cancer. As the amplified genes retain the altered information, this marks an important step towards quickly and efficiently localising this type of genetic alteration and improving our ability to analyse causes of cancer. mit Langzeitfolgennoemail@noemail.orgProf. Dirk Hebel, Singapore-ETH CentreFast 270‘000 Tonnen Kunststoffmüll treibt in den Weltmeeren. Plastik ist zu einem Umweltproblem unfassbaren Ausmasses geworden, das bis in die letzten Ecken der Erde vorgedrungen ist. 2014 for innovative solar technologynoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsThe mechanical engineer Thomas Cooper developed for his PhD thesis a solar power system of cost-effective parabolic trough concentrators coupled to high-efficiency photovoltaic cells. He was awarded the Hans-Eggenberger-Preis 2014. for battery electrodesnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggToday's lithium-ion batteries are good, but not good enough if our future energy system is to rely on electrical power. Chemists and materials scientists at ETH Zurich have developed a type of glass that can be used as an electrode material in lithium-ion batteries – likely making a vast improvement in these batteries’ capacity and energy density. team awarded prize for energy management systemnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsToday, the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is presenting the Watt d’Or energy prize in the Energy-efficient mobility category to the Institute for Dynamic Systems and Control. This award is in recognition of the technology the institute has developed in collaboration with Carrosserie Hess AG. Energy Realities (part 4): Impressions from Cubanoemail@noemail.orgDr. Michael Dittmar, ETH ZürichIn previous articles in this series, I have argued that oil consumption in Western Europe will decline sharply in the coming years due to resource constraints. In this part, let us discuss how Cuba, a country confronted with an oil supply disruption 20 years ago, lives with limited oil supplies and the resulting restrictions on the mobility of people and products. Executive Board members welcomed with coffee and cakenoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsThere were cakes and drinks aplenty on Monday as Lino Guzzella, the new President of ETH Zurich, joined ETH members in celebrating the beginning of a new year – and the start of his term in office. ground for innovative spiritnoemail@noemail.orgA total of 22 new companies were founded in 2014 by researchers from ETH Zurich. These spin-offs are among the most successful in Switzerland. One of the year's highlights was Covagen, which was acquired for over CHF 200 million. The latest figures also reveal that the university is on the right track with its promotion programmes. die Nachhaltigkeit in der Lehre verankern?noemail@noemail.orgDoktorand Raphael Fuhrer, ETH ZürichUnsere Gesellschaft auf die Bahn einer nachhaltigen Entwicklung zu lenken, liegt in der Hand der jungen Generation, also auch der ETH-Absolventinnen und -Absolventen. Aber vielen Studierenden fehlt der Bezug zu Nachhaltigkeitsthemen. Neue Ansätze in der Lehre könnten Abhilfe schaffen. New Year starts with a new Executive Boardnoemail@noemail.orgPrisca Wolfensberger, Andrea SchmitsThe ETH Executive Board's new formation is starting today. Three new people have taken office, two will continue overseeing their tasks. Here we introduce the team. Also, Lino Guzzella explains in the Polybahn pitch what excites him about ETH. quantum channel made of lightnoemail@noemail.orgBarbara VonarburgIn experiments using ultracold atoms and laser light, ETH researchers have measured a stepwise change in conductivity as the atoms pass through tiny structures. This is the first time that this quantum effect has been observed for electrically neutral particles. reads for the holidaysnoemail@noemail.orgBlog editorsThe Zukunftsblog editors wish all our readers happy holidays and all the best for 2015. If you are looking for some good reading material for the holidays or inspiration what to chat about at a Christmas dinner with relatives, here you can find a small selection from the Zukunftsblog archive. We’ll be back with fresh food for thought on 6 January. Enjoy! racing students and genetic circuitsnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsProgrammable cells that can detect cancer, canyons on Mars that may have been formed by lava, and black holes catapulted out of the centre of a galaxy: ETH researchers made a name for themselves in 2014 with some outstanding scientific achievements and exciting hypotheses. It was also a politically charged year for all Swiss research institutions. As the year draws to a close, the ETH News editorial team looks back on some of the most memorable moments. document delivery service is admissible noemail@noemail.orgLibraries do not infringe copyright by delivering copies and scans of scientific publications, the Swiss Federal Supreme Court has concluded. This reverses the judgment of Zurich Commercial Court. weite Weg von Lima nach Parisnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Reto Knutti, ETH ZürichDie Klimakonferenz in Lima hat die Diskussion, wie die Staaten die Klimaerwärmung stoppen wollen, nur wenig weitergebracht. Gibt es eine realistische Chance für ein Klimaabkommen in Paris 2015, wenn die Vorbereitung in Lima so schlecht lief? institute with a character all of its ownnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerThe ETH Institute for Theoretical Studies (ETH-ITS) has really picked up speed since this summer, with six fellows devoting themselves to researching fundamental theories as guests of ETH Zurich. We paid them a visit. over the baton at the Christmas drinks receptionnoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsAround 800 employees accepted their invitations to this year’s Christmas drinks reception organised by the Executive Board. It was Ralph Eichler’s last appearance at an event as President of ETH Zurich. food concept to be introduced at the Mensa Polyterrassenoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsThe Mensa Polyterrasse will be closed after lunch on 19 December for renovation work. It is due to reopen on 19 January with brand new menus and more checkouts on offer. The Mensa Polyterrasse team will be running a reduced catering service in the dining area from 5 to 16 January. to aid independence in old agenoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminETH Zurich is taking part in EIT Health, a new major EU research programme. As part of the project, more than 140 European companies and research institutes are developing solutions for problems in the field of health and old age. festive robodancenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggAn ASL production: in honour of Christmas, the lab's robots will do a choreographed dance that has taken a long time to rehearse – sorry – program. stärken für den Klimaschutznoemail@noemail.orgGabi HildesheimerDie Parteien haben bei den Klimaverhandlungen in Peru wichtige Weichen für den Weg zu einem Pariser Abkommen gestellt. Eine Annäherung der armen und reichen Länder könnte ermöglichen, alle Parteien in das neue Regime einzubinden. Der Green Climate Fund wird den Prozess unterstützen und das nötige Vertrauen schaffen. must remain integrated in the electricity marketnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggThe energy supply in Switzerland in the year 2050 was the focus of a conference organised by ETH Zurich's Energy Science Centre (ESC). One thing was very clear: as far as electricity is concerned, no man is an island any longer. Siegwart leaves the Executive Board but remains a fan of ETHnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerFor five years, robotics expert and Executive Board member Roland Siegwart has held the post of Vice President Research and Corporate Relations. He is now in the process of handing over this vice presidency to his successor, Detlef Günther, but he will always remain a firm fan of ETH Zurich. self-effacing leader: Looking back on Ralph Eichlernoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerRalph Eichler’s election as ETH president caused something of a stir, following a period of political turbulence. Political events have also marked his last year as president. His time in office has been characterised by growth, globalisation and sustainability. back on Ralph Eichlernoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerETH Zurich staff has been receiving the December issue of life in these days. The ETH community magazine focuses on Ralph Eichler’s time as president of ETH Zurich. professors at ETH Zurich appointednoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsUpon application of the President of ETH Zurich, Ralph Eichler, at its meeting of 10/11 December 2014 the ETH Board appointed eight individuals as professors, took note of the departure of one professor and thanked him for his services, and awarded the title of professor to one individual. The ETH Board also bade farewell to the President of ETH Zurich. and University of Zurich launch Wyss Translational Center Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgETH Zurich and the University of Zurich are founding a new translational research centre at the interface of medicine, science and engineering: the Wyss Translational Center Zurich. A USD 120 million donation from Dr. h.c. mult. Hansjörg Wyss to the two Zurich universities is making this possible. Through an interdisciplinary approach, the new centre aims to accelerate the development and application of innovative medical therapies and groundbreaking robotic systems. blood vessels grow in the brainnoemail@noemail.orgInken HeebThomas Wälchli’s goal is to curb the growth of brain tumours. In his doctoral thesis at ETH Zurich, the physician examined how blood vessels develop in the brain, as this process also promotes tumour growth. The scientist developed a technique that allows new insights into the specific developmental stages of blood vessels in the brain. of Zurich takes a stake in CSCS supercomputernoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsIn May the Executive Board gave approval for the expansion of supercomputing at CSCS. The University of Zurich will contribute to the cost of one new computer. ETH Zurich is willing to allow all Swiss universities of applied science and other universities to hold considerable computing resources at CSCS. Rande und doch mittendrinnoemail@noemail.orgDr. Tobias Schmidt, ETH ZürichDie diesjährigen UN-Klimaverhandlungen stehen unter besseren Vorzeichen als auch schon, gestalten sich aber dennoch zäh. Am Rande der Hauptverhandlungen diskutieren Expertinnen und Experten über wichtige Fragen, wie sich Klimaschutzmassnahmen besser umsetzen lassen. tumours exhibit fatty degenerationnoemail@noemail.orgInken HeebIn cases of clear cell renal cell carcinoma – the most common type of renal cell carcinoma – the cancer cells become fatty. The reasons for this were long unclear, but ETH researchers have now found the cause: important cell structures in lipometabolism degrade more rapidly. solution for the kneenoemail@noemail.orgMartina MärkiA torn anterior cruciate ligament is the most common clinically relevant knee injury. Every year, more than 6,000 people are affected in Switzerland alone. Current treatment methods, although numerous, often produce inadequate results. A new implant could provide the answer. to supporting technical and administrative staffnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerThe ETH Zurich Personnel Committee (PeKo) is committed to safeguarding the interests of ETH employees. In December and January, the application period is reserved for the elections to appoint members to serve on the committee from 2015 to 2018. Jakob Hauri, the Vice President of PeKo tells us what motivates people to join the committee. ETH chair of Physical Activity and Healthnoemail@noemail.orgETH Zurich and the Wilhelm Schulthess Foundation are set to expand their research and teaching collaboration. ETH Zurich will establish a new chair to study how physical activity affects human physiology and long-term well-being. The Wilhelm Schulthess Foundation is supporting the creation of the Chair of Physical Activity and Health with 10 million Swiss francs over a 10-year period. should be made ready not just for examinations but for the futurenoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsProfessor Eric Mazur uses modern teaching methods in his work at the elite American university of Harvard. The winner of the Minerva Prize for Advancements in Higher Education sets great store by teamwork and an interactive approach in his classes. This is of particular benefit to female students. motivators of the open source communitynoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliThese days, technology companies are tapping into the expertise of online open source communities to develop new software. A research group under the Chair of Strategic Management and Innovation is examining how companies can boost the motivation of these unpaid developers. essen in der Mensanoemail@noemail.orgBastian Flury, ETH ZürichNachhaltige Ernährung gehört zu den Forschungsschwerpunkten der ETH Zürich. Aber wir wollen das Thema nicht nur beforschen, sondern auch praktische Schlüsse daraus ziehen. Um Nachhaltigkeit in der Ernährung auch «zu Hause» auf dem Campus zu leben, haben wir im Sommer 2013 das Pilotprojekt «Nachhaltige Gastronomie an der ETH Zürich» ins Leben gerufen. Pitch feat. Annette Oxeniusnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsScience short and sweet: During a Polybahn journey from Zurich Central to ETH Zurich, ETH-scientists have about 100 seconds to inspire the audience with their research. Today: Annette Oxenius, Professor for Immunology at ETH Zurich. Hot spot in the field of medicinenoemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenFor the last two years, ETH Zurich has been working closely with the University and the University Hospital in the field of medicine under the umbrella of Hochschulmedizin Zürich. The idea: to exploit the enormous potential that the three institutions have at their fingertips and catapult Zurich onto the world stage as a hotbed of medicine. The latest issue of Globe, the magazine of ETH Zurich and ETH Alumni, reveals exactly what this means. heart made in Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgRoland Baumann and Martina MärkiA heart transplant is the only treatment for end-stage heart failure, but donor hearts are in short supply. Artificial hearts suitable for long-term use could present an alternative – and this is precisely what heart specialist Volkmar Falk is working on in the Zurich Heart project, together with Edoardo Mazza and Dimos Poulikakos from ETH Zurich. the ice cloudsnoemail@noemail.orgCorinne HodelA doctoral student from ETH Zurich is researching how clouds form on the Jungfraujoch – for clouds are one of the main sources of uncertainty in climate models. Globe paid the researcher a visit at dizzying heights. software virtuosonoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliAvaloq CEO Francisco Fernandez is bursting with ambition. Despite quadrupling his company’s turnover and staff since the beginning of the financial crisis, he&amp;nbsp; refuses to rest on his laurels. His mission: a total rethink of banking, and developing the best solutions for the industry. Councillor signs agreement on Switzerland’s partial associationnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editors/Media release Federal CouncilOn Friday, Federal Councillor Johann N. Schneider-Ammann was in Brussels where he signed an agreement on Switzerland’s participation in the European framework programmes with European Commissioner Carlos Moedas and Stefania Giannini, the representative of the Italian EU Council presidency. The agreement sets out the conditions for Switzerland’s partial association to Horizon 2020 until the end of 2016. man who never cracked – Jack Heuer visits ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerETH alumnus Jack Heuer is one of the greats in the history of the Swiss watch industry. On Tuesday he visited ETH Zurich and shared his experience with ETH students.«Warum nicht endlich Wald roden?»noemail@noemail.orgProf. Harald Bugmann, ETH ZürichDer Wald geniesst in der Schweiz seit über hundert Jahren einen absoluten Schutz. Die Waldfläche wächst. Der Ruf wird lauter, dass wir statt wertvolles Ackerland zu überbauen doch Wald roden sollen, um mehr Siedlungsfläche zu schaffen. Damit wäre das Platzproblem endlich zu lösen – klingt logisch, oder? «Endlich» ist leider auch das Stichwort, warum dies keine Lösung ist. – greener than evernoemail@noemail.orgAngelika JacobsPolylactic acid is a degradable plastic used mostly for packaging. To meet the rising demand, ETH researchers have developed an eco-friendly process to make large amounts of lactic acid from glycerol, a waste by-product in the production of biodiesel. echte Debatte beginnt jetztnoemail@noemail.orgChristoph Küffer, ETH ZürichEcopop thematisierte die grösste Herausforderung unserer Zeit – die Grenzen des Bevölkerungswachstums und der Ressourcen – auf der Basis eines ungeeigneten Lösungsansatzes. Nun ist die Initiative an der Urne gescheitert. Die eigentliche Problematik bleibt jedoch bestehen. Wir müssen uns dieser Herausforderung stellen – und jetzt damit beginnen. about rejection of Ecopopnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerSenior representatives of Swiss universities are initially relieved about the clear rejection of the Ecopop initiative on the weekend. At the same time, they are aware that the implementation of the mass immigration initiative comes with a great deal of imponderabilities for Swiss universities. early trauma influences behaviournoemail@noemail.orgAngelika JacobsTraumatic and stressful events during childhood increase the risk to develop psychiatric disorders, but to a certain extent, they can also help better deal with difficult situations later in life. Researchers have studied this phenomenon in mice to learn how these effects could be transmitted to the next generation.“Dance of the elements” at the 2014 Polyballnoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsThe 2014 edition of the Polyball, the annual student ball, proved a great success. Guests partied into the early hours of the morning, but there was no rest for the organisers afterwards – for them it was time for the big clean-up. build-up in the oceansnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminMan-made activities are having a direct impact on the biogeochemistry of the world’s oceans – not only in terms of carbon. Researchers have now shown that also nitrogen compounds released into the atmosphere from combustion processes and agriculture end up in the open ocean. energy efficiency and stepping up energy research in the ETH Domainnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerThe Swiss Federal Administration, the ETH Domain and the parastate enterprises SBB, Swiss Post, Swisscom and Skyguide are aiming to further improve their energy efficiency in future. To this end, a package of measures is being planned as part of the Energy Strategy 2050. day devoted to promoting researchnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerHundreds of young researchers from the Zurich area attended Research Day at ETH Zurich on Wednesday and obtained information on the possibilities available at the Swiss National Science Foundation for promoting research. for cancer researchernoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminThe pharmacist, Cristina Müller, has been awarded the Ruzicka Prize - one of Switzerland’s most important awards for young researchers in the field of chemistry. She is working on a method for irradiating cancer directly within the body. Prioritäten für Klimaschutz und Wirtschaftsentwicklungnoemail@noemail.orgKlaus Ragaller, SATWMassnahmen zum Klimaschutz sind dringend notwendig, werden aber zögerlich umgesetzt. Zu gross ist die Angst vor Wettbewerbsnachteilen und hohen Kosten. Eine Gruppe von Wirtschaftsexperten hat Massnahmen erarbeitet, die sich sofort umsetzen lassen und Emissionssenkungen wie auch eine bessere Wirtschaftsentwicklung ermöglichen. rammed earth dome at Hönggerbergnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchläfliThe ETH Hönggerberg campus has a new attraction: a dome built with prefabricated rammed earth elements that provides a sanctuary for relaxing in summer and offers new insights into the stability of earth structures. It was designed and built by students from the Department of Architecture. Feuerwerke der Evolutionnoemail@noemail.orgChristoph Küffer, ETH ZürichIn der Arktis und der Wüste zeigt sich die Natur von ihrer hartnäckigsten Seite, in  Regenwäldern von ihrer üppigsten. Auf Inseln findet man beides: vielfältige Ökosysteme auf von Vulkanausbrüchen geprägten, kargen Felsen mitten im Meer. Aber gerade auf Inseln ist die Biodiversität besonders gefährdet. learning with Wikibooksnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliAssociate professor Thomas Haslwanter motivates his students to contribute to Wikibooks to create a written record of his course. Over the past six years, a 200-page compendium on the subject of sensory systems has emerged and is freely available on the internet. Assembly pays tribute to Ralph Eichlernoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerETH Zurich President Ralph Eichler will officially hand over the presidential baton to Lino Guzzella on 15 December. On Thursday, the University Assembly thanked him for his dedicated service. more critical opinion noemail@noemail.orgETH Zurich celebrated this year’s traditional ETH Day with numerous guests. The retiring ETH President Ralph Eichler received special recognition. The speeches revolved around concerns that Switzerland is becoming increasingly isolated. Scientific wins awardnoemail@noemail.orgMichael KellerThe ETH spin-off Aeon Scientific has won the 2014 Swiss Technology Award in the Start-up category. The biomedical engineering company impressed the judges with its robot-controlled surgical system, which can be used to treat cardiac arrhythmia quickly and safely. researchers of ETH Zurich receive a SNSF Starting Grantnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerJennifer Rupp, Karsten Borgwardt and Joao Matos have received a SNSF Starting Grant. The funding level, duration and funding conditions are in line with those of the European Research Council (ERC). Regengürtel auf Abwegennoemail@noemail.orgProf. Tapio Schneider, ETH ZürichDer meiste Regen der Erde fällt im tropischen Regengürtel. Milliarden von Menschen hängen von ihm ab. Doch die regenreiche Zone reagiert sehr sensibel auf Klimaschwankungen. So scheint eine Verschiebung nach Süden für die Dürre in der afrikanischen Sahelzone in den letzten Jahrzehnten des 20. Jahrhunderts verantwortlich gewesen zu sein. Grohs receives Latsis Prizenoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsThe 33-year-old Assistant Professor Philipp Grohs is to be awarded the ETH Zurich Latsis Prize. He is being honoured for his achievements in applied mathematics. The award ceremony will take place on ETH Day. jettisoned black hole?noemail@noemail.orgAstronomers have discovered an object in space that might be a black hole catapulted out of a galaxy. Or it might be a giant star that is exploding over an exceptionally long period of several decades. In any case, one thing is certain: this mysterious object is something quite unique, a source of fascination for physicists the world over because of its potential to provide experimental confirmation of the much-discussed gravitational waves predicted by Albert Einstein. an avenue in the tropicsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggWhat could a section of Calle 30 in the Colombian coastal city of Barranquilla look like in the year 2035? A group of 24 students from four departments at ETH Zurich and Universidad del Norte turned their attention to this question during an exceptional intercultural and transdisciplinary learning event supported by Innovedum. für Wissenschaft und Gesellschaftnoemail@noemail.orgDr. Michael Stauffacher, ETH ZürichWie kann die Wissenschaft über Problemanalyse und eine Beratungsfunktion für die Politik hinausgehen und enger mit der Gesellschaft zusammenarbeiten? Das Konzept der Reallabore ermöglicht in konkreten gesellschaftlichen Kontexten zu Problemlösungen beizutragen. micro-actuators to transport materials in liquidsnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminResearchers have developed improved forms of tiny magnetic actuators thanks to new materials and a microscopic 3D printing technology.“We still have much to achieve”noemail@noemail.orgAngelika Jacobs“Hochschulmedizin Zürich”, a partner association of ETH Zurich, the University of Zurich and the university hospitals, was founded three years ago. At its annual conference, the partners presented the achievements of their strengthened collaboration, along with some promising new projects for the future. about exciting careers at ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsA chance to get out of school for a day and find out about careers that many children don't even know exist: that was what the participants in last Thursday's Future Day enjoyed. night dedicated to making the right career choicesnoemail@noemail.orgRebecca WyssThe “Lange Nacht der Karriere” (“Long night of the career”) event attracted numerous students, doctoral students, postdocs and alumni to ETH Zurich’s Main Building, where they picked up useful tips from experts on professional life, jobs and careers. winter wonderland on the Polyterrassenoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerIf you are paying a visit to ETH Zurich sometime over the next four weeks, why not have a go at ice skating while you’re there? A public ice rink set up on the Polyterrasse is open until mid-December. launches Future Resilient Systems Programme in Singaporenoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsCritical infrastructure systems are the backbone of society and ever growing in complexity and interconnectedness. A new research programme kicked off at the Singapore-ETH Centre strives to increase their robustness and resilience. – bisher und künftignoemail@noemail.orgDr. Irmi Seidl, WSL/ETH ZürichZeitungen und «gewichtige» Stimmen aus Politik und Wirtschaft beklagen den ökonomischen Kriechgang in fast allen Ländern der westlichen Welt. Höheres wirtschaftliches Wachstum wird allenthalben gefordert. Doch die hohen Zuwachsraten von einst sind heute illusorisch – gefordertes und reales Wachstum klaffen zunehmend auseinander. a research visit abroad can enrich your thesisnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerTamaki Ohmura is a doctoral student working for the Assistant Professor for Global Governance. Thanks to a mobility grant from the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF), she has worked in the US. The SNSF will be presenting its funding programmes at the Research Day at ETH Zurich on 26 November 2014. the topological cocktail of successnoemail@noemail.orgTake ultracold potassium atoms, place a honeycomb lattice of laser beams on top of them and shake everything in a circular motion: this recipe enabled ETH researchers to implement an idea for a new class of materials first proposed in 1988 in their laboratory. Zurich to host Amgen scholarsnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsETH Zurich joins a network of top education institutions to bridge the gap between engineering sciences and medicine through its collaboration with the Amgen Foundation Scholars Program. electron observernoemail@noemail.orgAngelika JacobsHans Jakob Wörner is the recipient of the Klung Wilhelmy Science Award for his research on super-fast electron movements during chemical processes. natural compoundsnoemail@noemail.orgAngelika JacobsAntibiotic-resistant germs, dangerous viruses, cancer: unsolved medical problems require new and better drugs. Nature can provide the inspiration for new active agents. A computer-based method developed by a team of researchers from ETH Zurich is helping to do just that. genes with your thoughtsnoemail@noemail.orgETH researchers led by Professor Martin Fussenegger have developed the first gene network to be operated via brainwaves. Depending on the user’s thoughts, it can produce various amounts of a desired molecule. The inspiration behind the project was a game that picks up brainwaves in order to guide a ball through an obstacle course. To store or not to store?noemail@noemail.orgDr. Tobias Schmidt, ETH ZürichDo we need to invest in energy storage research and development to meet our renewable energy targets? Recent media reports suggest such investments are not necessary. However, ETH research tells a different story. is at stake on 30 Novembernoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerThe success of ETH Zurich depends on its efforts both to network with leading researchers around the world and to train the top talent – regardless of where they come from. Restrictive immigration policies put that success in jeopardy. set up for ETH’s vocational education and training alumninoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerAfter finishing their degrees, graduates from ETH Zurich who want to keep in touch with the university can join the ETH Alumni Association. As of Friday, 7 November a dedicated alumni network has been set up for vocational education and training graduates too. warming up in synchnoemail@noemail.orgInken HeebGlobal warming stops at nothing – not even the groundwater, as a new study by researchers from ETH Zurich and KIT reveals: the groundwater’s temperature profiles echo those of the atmosphere, albeit damped and delayed. innovative fight against the bacterium Clostridium difficilenoemail@noemail.orgInken HeebMattias Ivarsson is committed to fighting a nasty bacterium at the root of many hospital-acquired infections. He just completed his PhD on the topic and presented his ideas, as well as his plan to develop his own biotech company, as a finalist in the Falling Walls Lab in Berlin - part of the 25th anniversary events surrounding the fall of the Berlin wall. ETH News met up with the cosmopolitan engineer before his trip to Berlin. antibiotic in mushroom that grows on horse dungnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminResearchers from the Institute of Microbiology at ETH Zurich have discovered a new protein with antibiotic properties in a mushroom that grows on horse dung. Researchers are now exploring the various potential applications.;Research, promotion and reform&quot;noemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminThe energy revolution can be achieved: this was the general tenor of the ETH Zurich Climate Roundtable held on Wednesday. However, this will require new technologies and innovation must be promoted accordingly. But the form that state regulatory intervention should take was the subject of controversial debate. wir es uns (nicht) leisten können!noemail@noemail.orgDoktorand Claudio Beretta, ETH ZürichFast die Hälfte aller verschwendeten Lebensmittel stammt aus den Haushalten. So lange jede und jeder von uns glaubt, Food Waste sei ein Problem der anderen, wird sich daran schwerlich was ändern. Wie aber können wir den Leuten die Augen öffnen für ihr eigenes Verhalten, damit sie sich in Zukunft ihrer Verantwortung bewusst werden?’s playgrounds through timenoemail@noemail.orgFranziska SchmidThe gta exhibition ‘Architecture for Children: Zurich’s Playgrounds’ presents the history of the playground in Zurich since 1950. A treasure trove of photos, films, slideshows and plans are on display, along with examples of how children would design a playground today if they had the opportunity. is to be done when ethically indefensible things happen in research cooperation?noemail@noemail.orgPrisca Wolfensberger, Raffael IturrizagaInternational cooperation is often part of modern research. This implies that the research partners may come from different cultural environments and have different value systems, that even significant human rights may be affected. For successful collaboration a common basic ethical standard is necessary. The adopted code is intended to support researchers in addressing this topic. against FIFA Presidentnoemail@noemail.orgNicole Kasielke, Prisca WolfensbergerA group of demonstrators stormed the ETH main building Tuesday evening, to protest against a speech by FIFA President, Joseph S. Blatter. They lit a smoke bomb and set off the fire alarm. The city police, as well as firefighters, were on the spot., Drinking and Table-Talknoemail@noemail.orgPatrizia Solombrino, Prisca WolfensbergerOn Tuesday started the exhibition «A Feast for the Eyes - Eating, Drinking and Table-Talk».«Klimapause» als kommunikative Knacknussnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Nicolas Gruber, ETH ZürichSeit rund 15 Jahren wird es auf der Erde kaum wärmer – trotz steigender CO<sub>2</sub> -Emissionen. Dieser so genannte Temperatur-Hiatus kommt für uns Klimaforschende wenig überraschend, und er lässt sich wissenschaftlich auch gut erklären. Für die breite Klimakommunikation ist die «Klimapause» jedoch eine echte Herausforderung. quick fix for global warmingnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggA debate has broken out between politicians and scientists as to whether atmospheric warming can be delayed by reducing short-lived climate forcing agents. An international research team has now confirmed that a reduction in carbon dioxide emissions is the only long-term remedy for global warming.‘grimsel’ breaks world recordnoemail@noemail.orgThe ‘grimsel’ electric racing car today broke the previous world record for acceleration in electric cars. The vehicle accelerated from 0 to 100 km/h in 1.785 seconds in under 30 metres. The new record was set by students from ETH Zurich and Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, who also designed and built the vehicle. employees craft their own jobsnoemail@noemail.orgFour out of five employees in Switzerland actively shape their own jobs. Through what is known as job crafting, employees seek to positively influence their work situation. This was one of the results of the Swiss HR Barometer 2014, which was carried out by the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich. The study recommends that employers promote job crafting by granting employees greater involvement and influence over their jobs. of Zurich wins the Uni-Poly in three out of four categories noemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsOnly in the ladies’ category was ETH Zurich able to hold its own against the University of Zurich. In all categories, there was already a clear winner after the first two heats. und Risiken im Energiesektornoemail@noemail.orgDr. Christian Schaffner, ETH ZürichMit der Energiestrategie 2050 will der Bund das Schweizer Energiesystem für eine klimaverträgliche Zukunft rüsten. Das Vorhaben stellt – ähnlich wie die Energiewende in Deutschland – die betroffenen Akteure vor zahlreiche Herausforderungen und Risiken. Es ergeben sich aber auch etliche Chancen, die es zu ergreifen gilt. type of climate funding for developing countries do we support?noemail@noemail.orgProf. Thomas Bernauer, ETH ZürichIt is often stressed that developing countries need large financial support in order to cut greenhouse-gas emissions and to reduce climate-change related risks. But will people in rich countries be willing to provide the necessary amounts of money in times when budgets are tight? And are there characteristics that influence public support? learn mathematics more easily if we talk about examplesnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerGood results at school – what do they take? Pressure to perform and special tutoring? Collaborative learning in a group? Elsbeth Stern, an ETH researcher on learning, is discussing the first of these questions today in a Treffpunkt platform debate, while the second is being studied by her team. viruses disguised as wastenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggViruses cannot multiply without cellular machinery. Although extensive research into how pathogens invade cells has been conducted for a number of viruses, we do not fully understand how the shell of a virus is cracked open during the onset of infection thus releasing the viral genome. An ETH Zurich led research team discovered how this mechanism works for the influenza virus – with surprising results. «Green Guide for Universities» ist publiziertnoemail@noemail.orgDominik Brem, Christine Bratrich, ETH ZürichWie kann eine Hochschule ihr vielseitiges Campusleben nachhaltiger gestalten? Und was kann sie dabei von anderen Unis lernen? Das sind Fragen, die nicht nur die ETH Zürich beschäftigen. Zusammen mit neun führenden technischen Universitäten haben wir Antworten gesucht – und gefunden: Gestern haben wir den «Green Guide for Universities» publiziert. farming only beneficial in dry regionsnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminScientists took a closer look at a much-discussed agricultural method, conservation agriculture, and examined its productivity. In a large-scale overview study, they paint a different picture of this less tillage intense farming method: high yields can only be achieved with the method in dry regions. Council approves the Horizon 2020 packagenoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsIn its meeting today, the Federal Council approved the agreement on Switzerland’s participation in the Horizon 2020 research programme. The agreement covers Switzerland’s partial association to the programme between 15 September 2014 and 31 December 2016. and programmable biological circuitsnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminA team led by ETH Professor Yaakov Benenson has developed several new components for biological circuits. These components are key building blocks for constructing precisely functioning and programmable bio-computers. aus Klärschlammnoemail@noemail.orgDoktorand Klaus Jarosch, ETH ZürichPhosphor ist als Nährstoff unabdingbar. Die Schweiz muss jedoch den grössten Teil ihres Bedarfs importieren. Vor allem die Landwirtschaft benötigt Phosphor als Dünger. Könnten wir das Element aus unseren Abfällen wiedergewinnen, liessen sich die Importabhängigkeit senken und der Phosphorkreislauf zumindest teilweise schliessen. ETH-Bibliothek is constantly expanding its e-publishing servicesnoemail@noemail.orgAlice WernerWith Open Access Week 2014 beginning today, we take a look at the ETH-Bibliothek’s work on e-publishing and digital data preservation. Performance Treffpunktnoemail@noemail.orgFranziska SchmidThe popular Treffpunkt Science City is ushering in the new season. From 26 October to 30 November 2014, various events will be held which focus on the theme of ‘high performance’. This is the first summit series under the directorship of Inge Keller-Hoehl, who has taken over from Mercedes Leupp and Rolf Probala. high-resolution magnetic resonance imagingnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminFor the first time, researchers have succeeded to detect a single hydrogen atom using magnetic resonance imaging, which signifies a huge increase in the technology's spatial resolution. In the future, single-atom MRI could be used to shed new light on protein structures. (Teil 2): nachhaltige Alternativennoemail@noemail.orgProf. Dirk Hebel, Singapore-ETH CentreDer massive Abbau natürlicher Sandvorkommen in Küstengebieten, Flüssen und Seen hat gravierende Folgen für unsere Umwelt. Um die Abhängigkeit von der endlichen Ressource Sand zu verringern, braucht es insbesondere im Bausektor neue Alternativen. Hier können wir die Nachfrage grundsätzlich durch Recycling, Substitution oder Synthese entlasten. aid for overdosesnoemail@noemail.orgInken HeebEvery minute counts in the event of an overdose. ETH professor Jean-Christophe Leroux and his team have developed an agent to filter out toxins from the body more quickly and efficiently. It can also be used for dialysis in patients suffering from hepatic failure.“I try on stories like clothes!”noemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsIn 1964, Max Frisch published a new novel, “Gantenbein”. To mark the novel’s 50th anniversary, the Max Frisch Archive at the ETH-Bibliothek is holding an exhibition in its honour.“A place to work, live and relax in”noemail@noemail.orgAlice WernerThe official opening ceremony for ETH’s new Oberer Leonhard building (LEE) took place on Monday. So how are its occupants – employees from the KOF Swiss Economic Institute and the Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering (D-MAVT) – finding everyday life in Switzerland’s most sustainable university building? (Teil 1): eine endliche Ressourcenoemail@noemail.orgProf. Dirk Hebel, Singapore-ETH CentreSand ist der meist gebrauchte feste Rohstoff unserer Welt. Er findet sich in Beton, Glas, Computer-Chips, Putzmitteln, ja sogar in Zahnpasta. Doch die Sandvorkommen sind endlich: Was durch Verwitterung und Sedimentation während Jahrmillionen entsteht, baut der Mensch heute an Flussläufen und Küsten in einer noch nie dagewesenen Geschwindigkeit ab. LEE building opens at ETHnoemail@noemail.orgAfter four years of construction, the time has finally come: the first ETH building from the 2003 master plan will officially open today. The Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering (D-MAVT) and the KOF Swiss Economic Institute at ETH Zurich will now share one of Switzerland’s most sustainable university buildings. hackersnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerDeveloping a computer app in just 40 hours – that was the challenge facing the 350 attendees of the HackZurich programming marathon last weekend. The winner produced an app which enables users to explore remote places using their smartphone. states of light and matternoemail@noemail.orgBarbara VonarburgWith a combination of solid-state physics and quantum optics, ETH researchers observe new multiparticle states that so far defied a complete theoretical description. The experiments might be the first step towards developing quantum computers based on photons. spin-off enables professorship of rehabilitation engineeringnoemail@noemail.orgETH Zurich has established a new Chair of Rehabilitation Engineering with the appointment of Professor Roger Gassert to the position. The chair is affiliated to the Department of Health Sciences and Technology and will be financially supported over the coming decade with a donation of CHF 1 million from the Zurich-based company Hocoma. palm in Africa: an opportunity too good to miss?noemail@noemail.orgPhD student John Garcia-Ulloa, ETH ZurichAfter becoming Southeast Asia’s second-largest crop, oil palm is heading to Africa on an industrial scale, and a wave of high-profile investments have raised concerns on the environmental impacts of this expansion. Understanding the opportunities for oil palm in the African context is key to ensuring that oil-palm expansion develops more sustainably. clearer view of biological cellsnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminThis year’s Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded for advances in a high-resolution microscopy. One of the laureates, William Moerner, has a connection to ETH Zurich. Zurich now receiving project data from the SNSF via an interfacenoemail@noemail.orgSimone Roggenbuck, Finance and ControllingETH Zurich has set up a data interface to the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) as part of a nationwide pilot project. In doing so, it has become the first university in Switzerland to receive information on new project funding in digital form as soon as it is approved. mathematics behind the Ebola epidemicnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminResearchers in the Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering at ETH Zurich have calculated new benchmark figures to precisely describe the Ebola epidemic in West Africa from a mathematical perspective. Their results may help health authorities to contain the epidemic. understands gesturesnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggProfessor Otmar Hilliges and his staff at ETH Zurich have developed a new app enabling users to operate their smartphone with gestures. This development expands the range of potential interactions with such devices. the stage for architecturenoemail@noemail.orgFranziska Schmidgta exhibitions is opening the new season with various projects. One of them is “Atlas”, a project by Tom Emerson, professor of architecture and construction. catering facilities on the Hönggerberg campusnoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsETH's Hönggerberg campus is getting a new restaurant with a view. Meanwhile, renovation work is now underway in the cafeteria in the HPR building, but the temporary Hexagon canteen will remain in service until the cafeteria reopens. innovative way to combat exploding healthcare costsnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliAt the ETH Health Talk, researchers met with representatives from business, administration and various associations to discuss the Herculean task of making the Swiss healthcare system ready for the future. Participants called for more transparency, more interdisciplinary research and better underlying data. für den Mitigations-Marathonnoemail@noemail.orgKlaus Ragaller, SATW“Greasing the wheels of change“ nannte Anthony Patt seinen Beitrag [1] über die Minderung des Klimawandels im April. Anlass war der dritte Teil des fünften IPCC–Klimaberichts, dessen Studium sich sehr lohnt: Der Report liefert einen ausführlichen Leitfaden, wie man das «Rad des Wandels schmieren» kann, um die Wirtschaft rascher von Kohlenstoff zu entkoppeln. sure antibiotics work as they shouldnoemail@noemail.orgInken HeebResearchers at ETH Zurich are decoding the structure of the large ribosomal subunit of the mitochondria at an atomic level, thereby providing insight into the molecular architecture of this ribosome with implications for a better understanding of the mode of action of antibiotics. doctoral students: Goodbye to ‘pseudo-part-time’ employmentnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerA boost for non-professorial scientific staff at ETH Zurich: as of this September, all 16 ETH departments have their own associations for scientific staff. In addition, doctoral students at ETH are now to be employed on a strictly full-time basis. knapp und ungleich verteiltnoemail@noemail.orgDoktorand Klaus Jarosch, ETH ZürichPhosphor ist essentiell für jegliches Leben. Als Rohstoff ist er kritisch, denn die Reserven sind global ungleich verteilt. Ähnliches gilt für die Nutzung: Während in Industrienationen zu viel Phosphor bereits manche Ökosysteme bedroht, könnten ärmere Regionen mehr Nahrungsmittel produzieren, wäre Phosphatdünger dort günstig verfügbar. up the autumn sun on an Enzonoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsProvided the weather cooperates, ETH’s new outdoor furniture offers the perfect place to lounge in the sun. A total of 16 “Enzos” have now been installed on ETH’s Zentrum and Hönggerberg campuses. ranking againnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggThe last of the big three university rankings has now been published, with the ranking putting ETH Zurich in 13th place. The strong overall showing by Swiss universities has won plaudits from the ranking organisations, but they caution against Swiss isolation and its potential consequences for Swiss universities. the lungs fight the flu virusnoemail@noemail.orgClaudia HoffmannA special type of phagocyte cells in the lungs plays an important role during infection with flu viruses by preserving the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide despite massive virus-induced lung tissue damage, as researchers from ETH have demonstrated. Zurich’s e-bike rental scheme presented in Indianoemail@noemail.orgLukas Langhart“Techkriti” and “Techfest” in India are two of Asia’s largest technology trade fairs. Each year, ETH Zurich sends a student delegation to these events, with the team from “e-Velolink” taking part in this year’s Techkriti fair in Kanpur. it out on the Polyterrassenoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsThe “Schwinget @ Polyterrasse” was a great success. To mark the 75th anniversary of the ASVZ, students clad in traditional breeches put their “Schwingen” skills to the test in an event which was topped off with a visit from some of the sport’s elite. Imaging technology is enhanced by hyperpolarizationnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggIn a paper just published in Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) a new imaging technology that uses so called Hyperpolarizing Solids (HYPSOs) was just described. stock and exhibiting the resultsnoemail@noemail.orgFranziska SchmidETH Zurich’s Future Cities Laboratory (FCL) in Singapore is undertaking several research projects into sustainable urban development and architectural design. A selection of these research projects is now being presented for the first time as part of an exhibition at ETH Zurich.«Wir allein können ja nichts ändern» – oder doch?noemail@noemail.orgProf. Renate Schubert, ETH ZürichIm politischen Diskurs um den Klimaschutz hört man oft, dass die Treibhausgasemissionen eines so kleinen Landes wie der Schweiz global kaum ins Gewicht fallen und unsere Reduktionsbemühungen daher sinnlos seien. Doch diese Argumentation greift zu kurz: Es gibt erhebliche Anreize, etwas für den Klimaschutz zu tun – wir sollten sie nutzen. I imagine ETH in ten years’ timenoemail@noemail.orgJulia WyslingAs she comes to the end of her year as President of VSETH, Julia Wysling (from the Department of Mathematics, D-MATH) has outlined in her essay what she imagines ETH Zurich and its campus will be like in ten years’ time. it takes to perform wellnoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsWhether we are studying, at work or playing sport, performance is an integral part of our everyday lives. Find out how to deliver a good performance in the latest issue of “life – ETH community magazine”. earthquakes from the past tell us about the risks of todaynoemail@noemail.orgPrisca WolfensbergerOn Friday seismologist Donat Fäh from ETH Zurich was awarded the 2014 cogito Prize. He and his interdisciplinary team had been conducting fresh research into the disastrous earthquake that struck Basel in 1356. one link fails, the entire chain breaksnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerFrom 2017 onwards, Switzerland is to control its immigration policy independently. This policy jeopardises ETH Zurich's position as a top university in the world in the long term, as ETH Rector Lino Guzzella explained to members of parliament last week. Wolfram Neubauer will be succeeded in his post by Rafael Ballnoemail@noemail.orgPriska WolfensbergerWolfram Neubauer, Director of the ETH-Bibliothek, is retiring next year. He will be succeeded in his post by Rafael Ball, who is currently Director of the University Library of Regensburg teaching at ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgMonika HardmeierThe traditional lecture may still be an integral part of everyday student life, but ETH Zurich’s flexible auditorium is paving the way for new forms of teaching. spark between human and machinenoemail@noemail.orgMarianne LucienETH Zurich and ETH spin-off company Verity Studios AG have teamed up with Cirque du Soleil to demonstrate the value of technology to entertain and delight us. Energy Realities for Western Europe (part 3): Outlook 2030noemail@noemail.orgDr. Michael Dittmar, ETH ZürichIn parts 1 and 2 we concluded that the future oil consumption in Western Europe will be determined by the declining export capacity of Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan and will likely decline by 5% per year until 2018. Here, we extrapolate the maximum possible oil imports and consumption trends of Western Europe up to the year 2030. doctoral student wins Zurich’s Falling Walls Labnoemail@noemail.orgAnna MaltsevOn Tuesday evening, 13 upcoming young scientists presented their projects at the Falling Walls Lab in Zurich. ETH doctoral student Mattias Ivarsson was declared the winner and has been awarded the chance to present his winning molecule at the Falling Walls Lab Finale in Berlin on 8 November. A physicist for the executive committeenoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerA physics student is the new VSETH president: Since Monday evening, Thomas Gumbsch is at the helm of the ETH students’ association. He is the successor of mathematics student Julia Wysling. physicist for the executive committeenoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerA physics student is the new VSETH president: Since Monday evening, Thomas Gumbsch is at the helm of the ETH students’ association. He is the successor of mathematics student Julia Wysling. use of spooky phenomenanoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH President Ralph Eichler's final Lokaltermin event focused on a topic close to his heart: together with five other experts from ETH Zurich, he gave representatives from the worlds of business, politics and science an insight into the unusual world of quantum physics and explained how it may be used commercially in the future. explosions inside a computernoemail@noemail.orgBarbara VonarburgStrong solar flares can bring down communications and power grids on Earth. By demonstrating how these gigantic eruptions are caused, ETH physicists are laying the foundations for future predictions. Singapore-ETH Centre in its fifth year: taking stocknoemail@noemail.orgProf. Peter Edwards, Singapore-ETH CentreThis week an exhibition in the ETH Main Building presents the work of the Singapore-based Future Cities Laboratory (FCL), showing projects ranging from technologies for sustainable construction, to improved concepts of urban design. A good time, therefore, to reflect upon the achievements of FCL, and ask whether it has all been worthwhile. Trendwende beim CO2-Ausstossnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Reto Knutti, ETH ZürichMorgen treffen sich Staatsoberhäupter und Wirtschaftsvertreter zum UN-Klimagipfel in New York, der den blockierten klimapolitischen Einigungsprozess wieder in Gang bringen soll. Derweil zeigen die neusten Daten zum CO<sub>2</sub> -Kreislauf, dass uns die Zeit für ein griffiges Klimaabkommen immer mehr davonläuft. a doughnut becomes an applenoemail@noemail.orgBarbara VonarburgIn experiments using the wonder material graphene, ETH researchers have been able to demonstrate a phenomenon predicted by a Russian physicist more than 50 years ago. They analysed a layer structure that experts believe may hold unimagined promise. new urban modelsnoemail@noemail.orgMartina MärkiAs Switzerland grows, the demand for housing and work space is also on the increase. But what actually makes an urban area worth living in, and how can we meet these needs without destroying precious countryside? In the latest issue of Globe, the magazine of ETH Zurich and ETH Alumni, researchers from ETH Zurich discuss their approaches to solving the problem. major honournoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerRenato Zenobi has received the 2014 Thomson Medal Award. This scientific award is regarded as the most important in the field of mass spectrometry. serves up a traditional centenary menunoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsTraditional Swiss delicacies and decorated tables: the SV Group is celebrating its 100th anniversary this week – and ETH Zurich is not missing out. drive to discovernoemail@noemail.orgRoman KlinglerChemist Detlef Günther is set to join the Executive Board. The ETH Board has elected the 50-year-old professor of analytical chemistry as the new Vice President Research and Corporate Relations. Günther is taking over from Roland Siegwart, who will return to his professorship at the beginning of 2015. new professors at ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editors / Media release ETH BoardAt its meeting of 17/18 September 2014, the ETH Board appointed 15 professors at ETH Zurich in accordance with the applications submitted by the ETH President Ralph Eichler, and awarded the title of professor to one individual. diversity, not cookie-cutter citiesnoemail@noemail.orgMartina Märki und Corinne HodelGrowth and landscape conservation, urban habitats and rural nostalgia – spatial and urban planners have their hands full. Wilhelm Natrup, Director of the Zurich Cantonal Office of Spatial Planning, and Professors Kees Christiaanse and Christian Schmid from the ETH Department of Architecture talk about how to handle these contradictions., safe, reliablenoemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenAt first glance, the internet seems to work reliably. A closer inspection, however, reveals some serious flaws, including large-scale breakdowns and un­welcome data redirections. Computer science professor Adrian Perrig now proposes a new internal architecture to remedy these discrepancies. by the business bugnoemail@noemail.orgRoland BaumannFollowing his degree at ETH Zurich, Patrick Anquetil set off for Cambridge, Massachusetts to do a PhD. Having settled on the US East Coast, he is currently launching his second start-up business. And he has big plans for it. calculator provides information on ETH scholarshipsnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerETH Zurich is creating more transparency with a scholarship calculator: the new web application calculates the amount of a potential scholarship for ETH students. spin-offs in the fast lanenoemail@noemail.orgAnna MaltsevThe top 100 Swiss startups of 2014 were announced yesterday evening, and 18 ETH spin-offs were included in the list. What’s more, the startup with the best prospects of success started life at ETH Zurich. virtual water trade cannot be sustainednoemail@noemail.orgDr. Boris Orlowsky, ETH ZürichWater is a precious resource and scarce in many countries. Countries can compensate for this scarcity by importing products which contain “virtual water”, for example, water-intensive goods like food. How will future water scarcity affect global consumption and the international water trade? how to wrestle “Schwingen”-style on the Polyterrassenoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsThe ASVZ is marking its 75th anniversary by bringing a traditional Swiss sport to ETH Zurich, giving people the chance to enter the sawdust arena and try to wrestle their opponents to the ground. from the evolutionary racenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggIn some HIV sufferers, the immune system does not fight off the immune deficiency virus. Instead, the body tolerates the pathogen. A research team headed by ETH Zurich has now determined how strongly patients differ in their tolerance and upon which factors it depends. Ozon: Sommersmog verursachender Luftschadstoff noemail@noemail.orgProf. Johannes Stähelin, ETH ZürichNatürliches Ozon in der Stratosphäre schützt uns vor schädlicher UV-Strahlung. In Bodennähe wirkt dasselbe Molekül als lungenschädigendes Reizgas. Der Luftschadstoff Ozon wird aus Abgasen gebildet und verursacht Sommersmog. In einigen Riesenstädten von Schwellenländern könnten die Ozonwerte besorgniserregend ansteigen. modified protein structuresnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH-Zurich researchers have developed a new approach to measure proteins with structures that change. This could enable new diagnostic tools for the early recognition of neurodegenerative diseases to be developed. Zurich remains the top university in mainland Europenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggThis year’s QS rankings confirm ETH Zurich’s reputation as an excellent academic institution: it has once again been ranked 12th in the world. But it cannot afford to rest on its laurels – other universities are rapidly gaining ground. negotiations acted outnoemail@noemail.orgSimulated negotiations with the EU on the free movement of persons: in a special seminar, two professors from ETH Zurich and the University of Zurich sought to discover whether the simulation method could be applied beyond the realm of the technical sciences and used as a prediction tool in a political context. In addition to students, the seminar participants included experienced representatives from the world of diplomacy and politics. future of the university district: research and neighbourhoodnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerThe university district in Zurich’s city centre is to be developed further as a location for medical education, research and healthcare. At the beginning of September, the canton, the city and the universities presented the plan to local residents. of thumb turned upside downnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggWith a new analysis of land regions, ETH climate researcher are challenging the general climate change precept that dry regions are getting drier and wet regions are getting wetter. In some regions they are encountering divergent trends. door is open again for ERC grantsnoemail@noemail.orgMatthias MeierSwitzerland will be partially associated with the European research programme Horizon 2020 from mid-September. This partial association, limited until the end of 2016, will enable researchers in Switzerland to apply for funding from the European Research Council (ERC) again. in honour of Gottfried Semper held at Villa Garbaldnoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsVilla Garbald celebrates its 150th anniversary. The Semper Conference held in Castasegna, Graubünden, was dedicated to the architect Gottfried Semper, who also designed ETH’s Main Building. salt causes buildings to crumblenoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminSalt crystals are often responsible when buildings start to show signs of ageing. Researchers from the Institute for Building Materials have studied salt damage in greater depth and can now predict weathering processes more accurately. increasingly popularnoemail@noemail.orgA projected 2,805 students will begin their Bachelor’s degrees at ETH Zurich on Monday – the highest number of first-semester students in the institution’s history. More and more new students are choosing degree programmes in computer science, electrical engineering and health sciences. Master’s programmes have also seen record numbers of applicants and admissions. Zustand der Ozonschichtnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Thomas Peter, ETH ZürichAlle vier Jahre untersuchen hunderte Wissenschaftler unter der Ägide der UNO den Zustand der Ozonschicht. Gestern haben sie ihren jüngsten Bericht publiziert: Das Montrealer Protokoll über Ozon-abbauende Stoffe wirkt – das Ozonloch könnte sich in der zweiten Hälfte dieses Jahrhunderts schliessen. Doch es drohen neue Gefahren durch bestimmte FCKW-Ersatzstoffe. defence mechanism against viruses discoverednoemail@noemail.orgResearchers have discovered that a known quality control mechanism in human, animal and plant cells is active against viruses. They think it might represent one of the oldest defence mechanisms against viruses in evolutionary history. in the heart of darknessnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Johan Six, ETH ZürichThe Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is mostly known for its social, economic, and political instability. Does it make sense then for me to focus my research on sustainable agriculture and the role of the Congo River Basin in the global carbon cycle? sets the course for the medicine of tomorrownoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerThe intergenerational Berthold project aims to strengthen university medicine at the Zurich centre: new buildings, parks and a campus boulevard are to be built across the premises of the university, university hospital and ETH Zurich. ETH will be given more space. robots get up to when Roland Siegwart is not at homenoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerWhat do robots do when the master of their house – ETH Vice President and robot expert Roland Siegwart – is away from home? The youth TV channel “joiz” has shed some light on this. centre for biomedical imagingnoemail@noemail.orgETH Zurich and the University of Zurich are pooling their expertise in biomedical imaging technologies. Their new competence centre EXCITE Zurich aims to efficiently translate new ideas from basic research into clinical practice. The centre will be inaugurated on Saturday. Federal Council supports the innovation park in Dübendorfnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerThe Federal Council took a decision in principle in favour of the innovation park on Wednesday. To this end, it plans to reserve 70 hectares in Dübendorf. Today's military airdrome is also to be used for civil aviation in the future. method for measuring central venous pressure wins awardnoemail@noemail.orgAndrea Schmits/Media releaseThe company Veinpress GmbH won the CTI Swiss Medtech Award in Bern on Tuesday. The company was awarded the prize for a joint venture with ETH Zurich. das Schweizer Stromsystem für die Energiestrategie 2050 gerüstet? noemail@noemail.orgDr. Andreas Ulbig, ETH ZürichSeit der Veröffentlichung der Energiestrategie 2050 wird intensiv und mitunter sehr emotional diskutiert, ob die gesetzten Ziele überhaupt realisierbar sind. Das ETH Power Systems Laboratory hat nun untersucht, ob die Energiestrategie mit der geplanten Schweizer Strominfrastruktur technisch machbar ist. plumes crack continentsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggUsing a simulation with an unprecedentedly high resolution, Earth scientists from University of Paris VI and ETH Zurich have shown that magma columns in the Earth's interior can cause continental breakup – but only if the Earth's skin is already taut. to gain access to the world’s most powerful neutron sourcenoemail@noemail.orgFlorian Meyer/Media ReleaseThe Federal Council is requesting that Parliament approve Switzerland’s accession to the world’s most powerful neutron source, the European Spallation Source (ESS), as well as Switzerland’s necessary contributions to the facility’s construction and operation until 2026. Zurich takes part in the “Long Night of the Museums”noemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsOn Saturday 6 September, it will once again be time for 46 museums – including ETH’s Collection of Prints and Drawings and focusTerra – to stay open into the night for the “Long Night of the Museums”. future of milknoemail@noemail.orgProf. Jaboury Ghazoul, ETH ZürichMilk is expensive. Not so much in terms of the cost at the supermarket, but in terms of the environmental cost. The white stuff is, therefore, hardly green. Synthetic milk could help avoid this downside. The environmental benefits would be substantial indeed – but the social and political consequences could be far-reaching. new foundation for mathematicsnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerProofs are the key method of mathematics. Until now, it has mainly been humans who have verified whether proofs are correct. This could change, says Russian mathematician Vladimir Voevodsky, who will present his ideas at the Paul Bernays Lectures at ETH in September. planning details of the innovation parknoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliYesterday the canton of Zurich presented its development study for the planned innovation park in the grounds of Dübendorf Air Base. Now the revised master plan must be approved by the cantonal parliament and federal government, and the federal government must decide on the future use of the air base. we prepared for post-collapse?noemail@noemail.orgChristoph Küffer, ETH ZürichScientific evidence shows that our society is on a perilous trajectory. Fundamental lifestyle changes are urgently needed, but we consume more, we travel more, we talk more about unavoidable collapse, while we think less about alternatives. Zurich in Africanoemail@noemail.orgMarianne LucienETH Zurich formalizes collaboration with Stellenbosch University in South Africa to advance science and technology for the benefit of society in the areas of sustainable production systems, human nutrition, and conservation ecology among other areas of mutual interest. on industry relationshipsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggIndustry Day 2014: with passion and technical expertise, ETH professors presented their research topics to representatives from industry and SMEs – from big data and additive technologies to computer graphics. The interest of the companies was greater than ever. sich Konsumenten bei Strompreisänderungen verhaltennoemail@noemail.orgDoktorandin Nina Boogen, ETH ZürichGesamtwirtschaftliche ökonomische Modelle, mit denen man die Wirkung von energiepolitischen Instrumenten abschätzen kann, basieren auf vielfältigen Annahmen. Ein wichtiger Baustein dafür ist das Verhalten von Konsumenten bei Energiepreisänderungen. Doch aktuelle Schweizer Literaturwerte dazu sind rar. assembly linenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH researchers have realised a long-held dream: inspired by an industrial assembly line, they have developed a nanoscale production line for the assembly of biological molecules. from the airnoemail@noemail.orgFranziska SchmidIn a new illustrated book, ETH-Bibliothek is presenting fascinating images from the Swissair Aerial Photography Archive. The view from above reveals the changes to Switzerland’s landscape and culture over the years. fighting corrosionnoemail@noemail.orgAnna MaltsevBridges become an infrastructure problem as they get older, as de-icing salt and carbon dioxide gradually destroy the reinforced concrete. A new robot can now check the condition of these structures, even in places that people cannot reach. Bodennoemail@noemail.orgDoktorand Klaus Jarosch, ETH ZürichFruchtbarer Boden ist ein wertvolles Gut, dessen Verlust sowohl für uns als auch für zukünftige Generationen weitreichende Folgen hat. Doch das Wissen um die Empfindlichkeit dieser Ressource allein reicht nicht aus, um Boden zu schützen. Warum fällt es so schwer, den umfassenden Bodenschutz auf die (inter)nationale Agenda zu setzen? learns Swiss dialectsnoemail@noemail.orgMonika HardmeierWriting text messages or emails in Swiss German on mobile phones or tablets will soon be simpler, thanks to an app developed by ETH. long-term data from the Claridennoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggScientists have been measuring the accumulation and melting of ice on the Claridenfirn in the Canton of Glarus constantly for a century. Glacier researcher Andreas Bauder explains what makes these measurements so special and what can be concluded from them. mechanism to strike an ambitious climate agreementnoemail@noemail.orgElisabeth Gsottbauer, Robert Gampfer, ETH ZürichThe question whether countries can be held liable for climate change damages is becoming a major issue in the UN climate negotiations. The discussion currently revolves around fairness and historical responsibility. We argue that a liability mechanism could also help countries to agree on an international climate treaty with more ambitious emission reductions. Zurich's in the leading groupnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggThis year’s Shanghai Ranking has just been published, with ETH taking 19th place – it therefore remains the best university in continental Europe. global warming is taking a breaknoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminThe average temperature on Earth has barely risen over the past 16 years. ETH researchers have now found out why. And they believe that global warming is likely to continue again soon. everywhere noemail@noemail.orgFranziska SchmidSwiss artist Annelies Štrba’s exhibition opens tonight at ETH Zurich’s Collection of Prints and Drawings. Her contemporary take on images of the Madonna are presented in contrast with prints from Old Masters. in two dimensionsnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminThe ultrathin material graphene is the current favourite of many materials scientists. ETH researchers have now managed to create a synthetic polymer that is almost as thin. This is the first time that a flat synthetic polymer has been produced and its structure analysed using X-ray crystallography. acid sensor controls insulin productionnoemail@noemail.orgETH Zurich researchers from the Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering (D-BSSE) in Basel have developed an implantable device that precisely monitors acid build-up in the body for people with diabetes and produces insulin if acidosis becomes a risk. and unstable peripherynoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggETH researchers have analysed global air connections and found a dense network that starts to fray at the edges. This makes the regions on the periphery vulnerable to disruption, which in turn makes the entire network vulnerable as many regions are at risk of getting completely cut off from the rest of the world. arthritis in micenoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsWith a new therapeutic product, researchers have managed to cure arthritis in mice for the first time. The scientists are now planning to test the efficacy of the drug in humans. economy of bitcoinsnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliThe massive spread of the cryptocurrency or digital currency, Bitcoin, opens up new pathways for researchers to study social action on markets. This reveals interesting feedback between the exchange rates and mentions in social media. for 25 years at ETH Zurich: Paul Embrechts becomes ASA Fellownoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsThe world's largest association for statisticians, the ASA, has appointed ETH Professor and RiskLab Director Paul Embrechts as a Fellow. of cultural historynoemail@noemail.orgAn interdisciplinary research team has managed to uncover clear migration and interaction patterns, applying statistical analysis to information on where notable cultural figures were born and died. Just published in the journal Science, the study shows that natural science and the humanities can enrich each other and that the humanities can profit from complex network research. of selective logging in tropical forests underestimatednoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminDas Fällen einzelner Bäume in tropischen Wäldern wurde bisher als relativ naturverträglich angesehen. Das ist es bei weitem nicht immer, so das Fazit einer neuen Studie. Es kommt darauf an, wie stark die Wälder genutzt werden. ETH researchers are new Branco Weiss fellowsnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminThe jury for the Society in Science funding programme, which was launched by the late entrepreneur and ETH alumnus Branco Weiss, has announced this year's winners, two of whom are from ETH Zurich.“I just followed my gut instinct”noemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsAnd the cup goes to Poland: Mariusz Frukacz, a Post Doc in D-BAUG, won ETH Zurich’s World Cup predictor game. opportunity for scientists noemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsIn the Falling Walls Lab, participants have just three minutes to present their project. To enter the preliminary round in Zurich, you have to sign up by 12 September. field tripsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggTo some people, a field trip may sound an outdated concept, but at ETH Zurich this teaching method is used on many courses. Students and lecturers both agree that content learnt on field trips sticks in the mind particularly well. is dancing with Google Tangonoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminGoogle is working with various universities and other institutions on Project Tango, an initiative to develop mobile devices that can detect surroundings in three dimensions and enable navigation indoors. The first devices are expected to hit the market next year. ETH Zurich has a significant role in the project. names for exoplanetsnoemail@noemail.orgFranziska SchmidThey are called CoRoT-4 b or OGLE-2005-BLG-390L b – exoplanets often have scientific designations that are impossible to pronounce. Now the International Astronomical Union (IAU), working in collaboration with the citizen science project Zooniverse, has announced a public competition in which the 30 most popular exoplanets from a list of 305 will be given new names.“ETH Zurich Met New York”: a retrospective in the Main Buildingnoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsIn May, ETH Zurich made an appearance in the USA at the “Zürich meets New York” festival. A retrospective of this event is now going on show in ETH’s Main Building from 22 July to 12 August. student develops filter for clean water around the worldnoemail@noemail.orgAnna MaltsevAn innovative filter makes it possible to purify water more quickly, simply and economically than ever before. The developers hope the device will soon play a big role development aid, and they are looking for investors to help them achieve this goal. village with CO2-neutral buildings is possiblenoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminNo fossil fuels used for heating or hot water in an entire village – that is the ambitious goal of the Zernez Energia 2020 research project. ETH scientists have studied the feasibility of the project and are presenting the initial findings in an exhibition. in Horizon 2020: CRUS and SNSF collect datanoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsCRUS und SNSF are collecting data with regard to the non-association in Horizon 2020. The science community can participate. blog's on holidaynoemail@noemail.orgBlog-RedaktionOur writers are off on a well-deserved summer break until 19 August. We wish all of you a pleasant summer, whether you take a staycation or venture further afield… nominate exemplary supervisorsnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerThis year, the &quot;Golden Tricycle&quot;, ETH Zurich’s award for family-friendly managers, will be presented at the “togETHer 2014” staff party. Entries should be submitted by 27 July. Bank Basel: Ein städtischer Park entlang des Rheinsnoemail@noemail.orgPhilipp Urech, ETH ZürichUnlängst unternahm die ETH-Professur für Landschaftsarchitektur von Prof. Christophe Girot mit Studierenden den Entwurfskurs «Beach Bank Basel» mit dem Ziel, das Potenzial der Klybeckinsel am rechten Ufer des Rheins in Basel Nord aufzuzeigen. Die neue Ufergestaltung soll die Insel in einen einladenden Erholungsraum für die Bewohner von Basel verwandeln. turns its back on pacifismnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliFor the last four years, the Japanese government has resolutely resisted China’s increasingly aggressive foreign policy. At the same time, Prime Minister Abe’s cabinet has pushed for a change to Japan’s constitution to remove military constraints. ETH News spoke to political scientist Michael Haas about Japan’s departure from a pacifist security policy. for girlsnoemail@noemail.orgMonika HardmeierAs part of Pro Juventute’s annual holiday club in Zurich, eight girls aged between 11 and 13 enjoy an action-packed day of experimenting at ETH Zurich’s Hönggerberg campus. for ETH developers of customised jeansnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsThe ETH spin-off Selfnation, which offers women’s made-to-measure jeans over the internet, impressed the jury of venture kick’s young entrepreneur competition and won one of two sponsorship awards worth CHF 130,000. new liability insurance for climate changenoemail@noemail.orgDaniel Spreng, ETH Zürich, Connor Spreng, WeltbankIn order to better meet the challenges of climate change, we propose an approach that builds on the lessons of Swiss housing insurance: a new type of liability insurance that could compensate for losses among public infrastructure due to extreme weather and provide investments for climate change mitigation and adaptation. new professors at ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsThe ETH Board appointed four professors at ETH Zurich in accordance with the applications submitted by the President of ETH Zurich. Springman to become Rector of ETH Zurich noemail@noemail.orgFranziska SchmidThe ETH Board confirmed today that Sarah Springman, Professor of Geotechnical Engineering, is to become the new Rector of ETH Zurich. Alongside Lino Guzzella, who will move from the office of Rector to the Presidency, Springman will help shape the future of ETH Zurich as part of the Executive Board from January 2015. ties between MIT and ETHnoemail@noemail.orgRoman KlinglerETH Rector Lino Guzzella took the opportunity to cultivate the university’s good relationship with MIT during a recent trip to the US. He’s coming back with a student exchange agreement and some fresh ideas for energy research projects. World Cup results with the wisdom of the crowdnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchläfliCan a group of football fans predict match results of the world cup more accurately than individuals? Researchers at the Chair of Systems Design attempted to find out by statistically analysing games for which predictions were made. resounding success for vocational education and training at ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerETH Zurich trains around 170 apprentices as part of its vocational education and training programme. A total of 56 apprentices and trainees specialising in commercial and technical occupations have passed their final apprenticeship examination – the “Lehrabschlussprüfung” (LAP) – at ETH Zurich this year. reunification for research scientists and no quotas for studentsnoemail@noemail.orgMatthias Meier, Florian MeyerAt the start of July, the Rectors’ Conference of the Swiss Universities (CRUS) discussed the Federal Council’s concept for the future control of immigration. The rectors regret that there is no clear commitment not to include students in the quotas. lab made of hard-woodnoemail@noemail.orgMedia releaseETH Zurich is currently at work on a new building on Hönggerberg designed to test several new technologies along with structural elements made from Swiss hardwood. The office building – which will also be a research lab of sorts – is scheduled to open in May 2015. Wege im nachhaltigen Holzbaunoemail@noemail.orgProf. Andrea Frangi, ETH ZürichAm ETH-Standort Hönggerberg entsteht derzeit das House of Natural Resources (HoNR) – ein Forschungslabor für nachhaltiges Bauen mit einem Fokus auf die nachwachsende Ressource Holz. Das Gebäude, das innovative Bauteile aus Laubholz verwendet, dient uns als Forschungs-, Lehr- und Demonstrationsobjekt. Gleichzeitig wird es als Bürohaus genutzt. of the future from the refectorynoemail@noemail.orgShilpi SinghThe Mensa Polyterrasse refectory is to be renovated during the semester break. At the same time, it is also going to be used for unconventional projects, like “The Wall”: a wall will provide a space for the ETH community to hold a dialogue about the future. Strommarkt: Sind die Erneuerbaren daran schuld?noemail@noemail.orgProf. Konstantinos Boulouchos, ETH ZürichDer europäische Strommarkt durchlebt bewegte Zeiten: Die Strompreise feiern Tiefststände, und Kohle erlebt eine Renaissance, während Gaskombi- und Wasserkraftwerke kaum mehr rentieren. Die subventionierten erneuerbaren Energien seien schuld an den Marktverzerrungen, heisst es oft. Doch stimmt das? viruses on the risenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggAn Ebola epidemic is spreading through several West African countries, and reports from on-site physicians state that the situation has spiralled out of control. According to World Health Organization, over 460 people have died from the malicious virus so far. ETH professor and virus expert Ari Helenius explains the dangers posed by this dangerous pathogen, how it infects its victims, and the unlikelihood of it causing a global pandemic. Wirtschaftswachstum ade – was folgt?noemail@noemail.orgDr. Irmi Seidl, WSL/ETH ZürichPolitik, Wirtschaft und Medien fordern und fördern es unablässig: Das Wachstum! Es gilt als Lebenselixier unserer Gesellschaft. Doch das westliche Wachstumsmodell lässt sich ökologisch nicht durchhalten und es verursacht inzwischen mehr gesellschaftliche Probleme, als es löst. Weswegen wir uns auf eine Postwachstumsära einstellen sollten. competence centre for personalised medicine in Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliDNA sequencing has revolutionised life sciences. Now it’s medicine’s turn: thanks to genetic analysis, treatment tailored to individual patients will be a standard feature in the future. With a new competence centre, ETH Zurich and the University of Zurich are aiming to lead the way in personalised medicine. approach for tuberculosis drugsnoemail@noemail.orgAngelika JacobsIn the past 50 years, only one new tuberculosis drug has come on to the market, yet many more active substances are urgently needed. Current treatments increasingly fail due to multidrug-resistant pathogens. ETH researchers have now applied to patent a novel approach for developing new tuberculosis drugs. Advanced Grants: call expected in mid-Augustnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsThe SNSF is planning to launch a call for SNSF Advanced Grants in mid-August. They are part of the &quot;Temporary Backup Schemes&quot; and replace the ERC Advanced Grants. from the wildnoemail@noemail.orgDr. Petra D'Odorico, ETH ZürichHumans’ relationship with land, especially with cultivable land, is a complex and ever-evolving one and any attempt to make it simple would make it trivial. At the very core of it is the radical modification of the biota by humans. In striving for a more sustainable agricultural system, we could learn a lot from natural ecosystems. to perform daredevil stunts at “togETHer 2014”noemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsSamuel Volery, aged 29, is a master at the tightrope sport of slacklining. He will be showing off his skills to guests at ETH’s “togETHer 2014” staff party on the Hönggerberg campus on 22 August. odour reveals malarial infectionnoemail@noemail.orgAn infection with malaria pathogens changes the scent of infected mice, making those infected more attractive to mosquitos. These are the findings of a team of researchers from ETH Zurich and Pennsylvania State University in a new study. in hanging drops mimic organ systemnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggResearchers are attempting to study the interactions between different cell types of the human body by using cultured cells. Technology recently developed at ETH Zurich now enables a network comprising spherical microtissues in hanging drops that is intended to simulate interactions in a human body and enables the testing of pharmacologically active substances under realistic conditions.;life&quot; is keeping Horizon 2020 in sightnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerSince February, ETH Zurich’s researchers and students have been partially excluded from Erasmus+ and Horizon 2020. “life – ETH community magazine” gives an overview of the situation. temple to sciencenoemail@noemail.orgMartina MärkiNine years after it was founded, ETH Zurich was finally able to move into its own home in 1864. 150 years ago, this building designed by Gottfried Semper became a symbol of the ambitions of the city of Zurich and the young federal state of Switzerland. However, the road there was rocky. Publica pension fund lowers its technical interest ratenoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsTo prevent future pensions from dwindling, action needs to be taken now. This includes a lump-sum compensation payment and higher contributions. garden installation reflects and delights New Yorknoemail@noemail.orgAnna MaltsevETH landscape architect Günther Vogt and the American conceptual artist Dan Graham have given the rooftop garden of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York a makeover that is exactly Big Apple`s taste. The extraordinary installation will remain on display until 2 November 2014. the way for researchers in Switzerlandnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerThe federal administration will finance the researchers in Switzerland who wish to participate in Horizon 2020 in 2014. The declared objective continues to be a quick association with the European research and innovation programme. globale Klimaschutz im Umbruchnoemail@noemail.orgDr. Oliver Geden, Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik Seit fast 25 Jahren bemüht sich die internationale Klimadiplomatie um den Abschluss eines globalen Abkommens. Und ebenso lange sind die Klimawissenschaften ein unerlässlicher Begleiter dieses politischen Prozesses. Doch nun distanzieren sich Klimaforschung und Klimapolitik zunehmend voneinander. versatile joystick for animation artistsnoemail@noemail.orgAngelika JacobsManipulating 3-dimensional animated characters on a 2D screen is challenging and requires years of training. ETH researchers now make animation artists’ life a little easier with a new input device they can assemble into a shape similar to the virtual character.,000 jobs for studentsnoemail@noemail.orgRebecca WyssSince it was set up a year ago, the online job platform “ETH get hired” has already recorded half a million visits. Plans are now underway to launch an app too.,000 jobs for studentsnoemail@noemail.orgRebecca WyssSince it was set up a year ago, the online job platform “ETH get hired” has already recorded half a million visits. Plans are now underway to launch an app too. cloak for immune cellsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggThe various cells in the immune system have to protect themselves from one another so that they don’t kill each other. Immune biologist Annette Oxenius and her team have now discovered a previously unknown mechanism that immune cells use to protect themselves from friendly fire. Artenvielfalt im Garten fördernnoemail@noemail.orgDr. Claudio Sedivy, ETH-Spin-off «Wildbiene+Partner»Die Biodiversität zu erhalten und zu fördern ist eine Aufgabe von globaler Bedeutung. Mit naturnahen Strukturen und Bestäuber-freundlichen Pflanzen im eigenen Garten können wir alle lokal einen Beitrag leisten. albedo mitigates extreme heatnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggFields that are not tilled after crop harvesting reflect a greater amount of solar radiation than tilled fields. This phenomenon can reduce temperatures in heat waves by as much as 2 °C, as researchers from ETH have demonstrated in a recent study. ML will be renovated and extendednoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsThe listed building complex of the machine laboratory/district heating plant will be renovated and extended: for this and for other renovations and new buildings, the Federal Council is applying to Parliament for 233.4 million francs. shows greater potential for solar powernoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggConcentrating solar power (CSP) could supply a large fraction of the power supply in a decarbonized energy system, shows a new study of the technology and its potential practical application.“We are very satisfied with our start”noemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsThe “Fusion meal &amp; coffee” restaurant in the HCI building on the Hönggerberg Campus can look back on a good first semester. After a few teething problems, the dishwashing system has now been improved.“The ball is in D-Wave’s court”noemail@noemail.orgBarbara VonarburgGoogle and American defence company Lockheed Martin paid more than USD 10 million for a quantum computer, although its exact capabilities are unknown. A team headed by ETH professor Matthias Troyer examined the question of how to properly test such devices, creating quite a stir in the process. acting on climate help us breathe cleaner air?noemail@noemail.orgDr. Joeri Rogelj, ETH ZürichStabilizing climate change implies that the total amount of CO2 that we are allowed to emit into the atmosphere is limited. That is one of the headline findings of the most recent IPCC-report<sup>[1]</sup> . In turn, this implies that if we do not want global temperature to continue to rise, we have to make sure that global net CO2 emissions become zero. A simple, startling fact. machines how to learnnoemail@noemail.orgAngelika JacobsThe machines that surround us in everyday life are not only becoming more intelligent, they’re also turning into gifted learners. To prepare the next generation of computer scientists for the challenges presented by this rapidly developing research area, ETH Zurich has joined forces with the Max-Planck-Institute for Intelligent Systems. sharper image of the earth’s structurenoemail@noemail.orgFelix WürstenToday, thanks to earthquakes, we know fairly accurately how the solid earth is constructed. Geophysicist Andreas Fichtner is now taking things a step further: he gains new insights into our planet’s interior from seemingly useless data. posts on political mattersnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerWhat does the President of the Students’ Association at ETH, the VSETH, spend her day doing? This is a question Julia Wysling has often been asked. Now the current VSETH President has found a way of making her work visible to people on the outside.ätten wir es besser wissen müssen?noemail@noemail.orgChristoph Küffer, ETH ZürichWie lassen sich Umwelt- und Gesundheitskosten von neuen Technologien vermeiden? Mit dieser Frage beschäftigte sich ein langjähriges Forschungsprojekt der Europäischen Umweltbehörde. Der ehemalige Leiter des Projekts, David Gee, hat kürzlich an der ETH Zürich erläutert, wie uns vergangene Fehler lehren, zukünftige Umweltprobleme zu vermeiden. standard for student homesnoemail@noemail.orgShilpi SinghAccommodation for students in Zurich is in short supply. The number of students joining the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich increases every year. Today sees the official opening of Zurich’s biggest student hall of residence, with 332 low-priced rooms. for more efficient industrynoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminETH Zurich will lead a new Swiss Competence Centre for Energy Research (SCCER). Its aim is to make industrial processes more energy efficient. ETH News met the head of the new centre, ETH professor Philipp Rudolf von Rohr, to discuss the approaches and challenges. experiencenoemail@noemail.orgFelix Würsten and Martina MärkiNowadays, evaluating large amounts of data enables us to examine issues for which there were still no viable theories until only recently. Two ETH computer science-professors, Joachim M. Buhmann and Donald Kossmann, explain how this will change society., methane and motherly lovenoemail@noemail.orgCorinne HodelCows that have just calved are more susceptible to diseases. A doctoral student from ETH Zurich has been studying why their immune system does not work properly during this phase. Globe visited her at work. to monoculturesnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchläfliIn the 1980s, Hans Herren performed an agricultural and ecological miracle in Africa that saved the lives of approximately 20 million people. Today he’s no longer waging war on mealybugs, but on the influence of the agricultural industry and on short-term thinking. patterns in the sea of datanoemail@noemail.orgMartina MärkiNowadays, handling vast amounts of data is no longer solely a job for computer scientists. The latest issue of Globe, the magazine of ETH Zurich, reveals how scientists from all kinds of disciplines unveil hidden connections in the sea of data. Klimadiskussionnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Reto Knutti, ETH ZürichMit steigender politischer und wirtschaftlicher Relevanz gestaltet sich die Diskussion um die Klimaforschung in der Öffentlichkeit schwierig. Der Klimawandel ist für viele eine Glaubensfrage, und oft werden Fakten und Meinungen vermischt. Das erschwert eine sachliche Diskussion. the right rehabilitation, paralyzed rats learn to grip againnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsAfter a large stroke, motor skills barely improve, even with rehabilitation. An experiment conducted on rats demonstrates that a course of therapy combining the stimulation of nerve fiber growth with drugs and motor training can be successful. The key, however, is the correct sequence: Paralyzed animals only make an almost complete recovery if the training is delayed until after the growth promoting drugs have been administered. researcher recognisednoemail@noemail.orgMichael KellerThis year’s Max Rössler Prize has gone to the nutritional biologist Christian Wolfrum in the Department of Health Sciences and Technology at ETH Zurich. He received the award and its CHF 200,000 prize money for his outstanding research in the field of adipocyte biology and lipid metabolism. capacity at the heart of the citynoemail@noemail.orgFranziska SchmidAfter a construction phase of some six years, the 9.6 kilometre cross-city link (Durchmesserlinie) and Löwenstrasse station will open tomorrow in Zurich. ETH News spoke to rail transport expert Ulrich Alois Weidmann, professor of transport systems at the Institute for Transport Planning and Systems, about the changes the new route will bring.“The Earth is like an onion” − pupils discover research at ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsThe annual Study Week took place at ETH Zurich from 2 to 6 June, giving upper secondary-school students the chance to work on projects alongside scientists and find out about studying at ETH. the electricity grid to climate changenoemail@noemail.orgDoktorandin Mercè Labordena, ETH ZürichThe European electricity grid delivers the electricity that our economy and our lifestyle depend on. This grid may be damaged by extreme weather events, which can lead to blackouts. The frequency and intensity of extreme weather events are likely to increase with climate change. If the grid is not adapted to a changing climate, the risk of electricity disruptions will increase with it.’s brewing deep undergroundnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggIn 1980, the Mount St. Helens volcano devastated hundreds of square metres of forest and killed almost 60 people. Now scientists armed with explosives are moving in. Their goal is to create a high-resolution, three-dimensional image of the sub-surface portions of the mountain down to a depth of 70 km to better predict the behaviour of the volatile mountain. and Responsibilitynoemail@noemail.orgMarianne LucienIn some parts of the world there is a lack of freedom and ethical conduct in science. As part of its commitment to the Scholars at Risk Network, ETH Zurich hosted a workshop for Swiss universities. professors follow in the footsteps of Isaac Newtonnoemail@noemail.orgRebecca WyssWith Simon Lilly and Timothy Eglinton, the renowned Royal Society has elected two ETH professors as Fellows at the same time. boosts energy initiativenoemail@noemail.orgETH Zurich is to set up a new chair for power semi-conductors in the Department of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering. ABB is supporting the chair with a donation of CHF 5 million. Cup fever at ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsJust one more week to go: the first match of the 2014 Football World Cup kicks off on 12 June at 10 p.m. Swiss time. Join in the excitement here at ETH Zurich. UV protection and chairless chairsnoemail@noemail.orgAnna MaltsevNot one… but two ETH-Zurich spin-offs managed to convince the judging panel from the venture kick initiative and win an advancement award of CHF 130,000. The best start-up projects of the year’s first quarter were a sun-protection app and a chair that can walk. Wasser ist ein Menschenrechtnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Bernhard Wehrli, ETH Zürich/EawagWasser ist ein öffentliches Gut und keine Handelsware! Dies ist die These der ersten erfolgreichen Bürgerinitiative der Europäischen Union. Mehr als 1.8 Millionen Menschen verlangen, dass die EU-Mitgliedstaaten das Recht auf Wasser und sanitäre Grundversorgung anerkennen. World Cup host is one of our research partners toonoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliTimber construction, informal architecture and biofuels – research partnerships, visiting professorships, start-ups and student projects: all these things connect ETH Zurich and World Cup host Brazil. a city with its rivernoemail@noemail.orgAngelika JacobsThe inhabitants of Jakarta have a difficult relationship with their river: it’s a waste carrier and an unwelcome guest in houses and on streets during the rainy season. ETH architecture students worked on concepts to reconcile the river with the city. Their ideas are currently on show at the Architecture Biennale in Rotterdam. and SAB to merge to form the ETH Store Cooperativenoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsA shared objective: the Polybuchhandlung and SAB are joining forces to extend the services available at the two ETH campuses, Zentrum and Hönggerberg. a chance for farmersnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Jaboury Ghazoul, ETH ZürichEurope’s forests are recent secondary regrowth from a period when, little more than 100 years ago, they had been all but eradicated from the landscape. Now, we seek to restore forests to recover the many benefits they provide. Can we hope for the same transition in the tropics, where deforestation remains rampant? mitigating seismic hazard noemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggA Europe-wide consortium has published the first harmonised reference model on seismic hazard in Europe and Turkey – the European Seismic Hazard Map 2013. It will be used to elaborate European and national building provisions for earthquake-proof construction. Public authorities, insurances and, last but not least, schools will likewise have the opportunity to use the map. Council provides the impetus for better career planningnoemail@noemail.orgMatthias Meier, Florian MeyerThe Federal Council intends to make the support for the next generation of scientists at Swiss universities even better and is putting forward proposals to make it easier to plan a career in science. catalysts for the petrochemical industrynoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminWhen crude oil is refined to fuels and chemicals, help is at hand – in the form of so-called catalysts. Scientists now provide a reference parameter for the performance of an important class of catalysts for petrochemical production.ädte als Rohstoffminen der Zukunftnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Dirk Hebel, Singapore-ETH CentreIn der Stadt der Zukunft wird die Entsorgung zur Versorgung – dieser These gehen wir seit einiger Zeit an unserem Lehrstuhl für Architektur und Konstruktion am Future Cities Laboratory in Singapur und Zürich nach. Wir haben so ein weites Feld entdeckt, das alternative Perspektiven für unsere Disziplin eröffnet. protects against nematodesnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggResearchers at ETH Zurich have isolated a protein from a fungus of the spruce which combats nematodes. The scientists hope that toxins of this kind will become the basis for the vaccination of livestock or domestic animals against zooparasitic nematodes. demand for SNSF Consolidator Grantsnoemail@noemail.orgMedia release SNSFThe second transitional measure, launched by the SNSF to replace research funding at European level for a limited period, has met with a great response, as did the first. A total of 111 researchers have sub-mitted proposals for SNSF Consolidator Grants. Zurich has met New Yorknoemail@noemail.orgMarianne Lucien, Simone BucherMore than 2,500 New Yorkers joined ETH Zurich professors and other well-known international personalities from U.S. research and industry for 12 awe-inspiring events as part of the Zürich Meets New York festival. für Entwicklungsländernoemail@noemail.orgGabriela Fisch, Nils Pütz, ETH ZürichMehr als 85 Prozent der ländlichen Bevölkerung in Subsahara Afrika hat keinen Zugang zu Elektrizität. Um den Menschen in den betroffenen Gebieten zu ermöglichen, selber Strom zu erzeugen, haben wir – fünf Maschinenbaustudierende der ETH Zürich – eine neuartige Windturbine aus leicht verfügbaren Materialien konzipiert und gebaut. enthusiasm for beach art and ski touringnoemail@noemail.orgShilpi SinghA robot that can create works of art in the sand and a ski-touring boot that facilitates natural movement: these are just two of eleven innovative ideas being presented by engineering students from ETH Zurich at the launch of this year’s focus projects. to participation, but no to vetonoemail@noemail.orgRedaktionThe ETH Board reiterated that it regards the participation of donors in the filling of endowed professorships as useful. It emphasised, however, that appointments must be made strictly according to academic principles and that donors would not be granted a veto. new professors at ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsAt its meeting of 21 and 22 May 2014, the ETH Board appointed ten professors at ETH Zurich in accordance with the applications submitted by the President of ETH Zurich. the gut feeling shapes fearnoemail@noemail.orgAngelika JacobsWe are all familiar with that uncomfortable feeling in our stomach when faced with a threatening situation. By studying rats, researchers at ETH Zurich have been able to prove for the first time that our ‘gut instinct’ has a significant impact on how we react to fear.ärme ohne Erdbeben? noemail@noemail.orgProf. Stefan Wiemer, ETH ZürichWie erzeugt und unterhält man im tiefen, heissen Untergrund einen Wärmetauscher, ohne dabei zu starke Erdbeben auszulösen? Diese Herausforderung für die Geothermie-Forschung und Praxis will die ETH in den nächsten Jahren in Zusammenarbeit mit der Industrie angehen. longer a safe havennoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggUntil now, Bhutan has been considered a seismic gap that has been spared from devastating large earthquakes that shook all other parts of the Himalayas. This has to be revisited now: In river terraces, a team of geophysicists found first evidence that two heavy earthquakes occurred in Bhutan within the past 1000 years. In an interview with ETH news, György Hetényi from the Swiss Seismological Service (SED) explains the worrying findings.Über die Sicherheit geplanter Endlager für radioaktive Abfällenoemail@noemail.orgProf. Simon Löw, ETH ZürichRadioaktive Abfälle – auch solche aus dem Rückbau stillgelegter Atomkraftwerke – müssen langfristig und sicher entsorgt werden. In der Schweiz wird intensiv nach Standorten für geologische Tiefenlager gesucht. Doch können wir die Sicherheit solcher «Endlager» für radioaktive Abfälle über Hundertausende von Jahren beurteilen oder gar garantieren? squid and honeycomb turbinesnoemail@noemail.orgFranziska SchmidUndergraduate students from the Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering (D-MAVT) have once again given their all and in late May will be presenting 11 new projects developed over the past year. ETH News takes a closer look at two of them. thrilling finishnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian Meyer/ASVZ press releaseThe “Brownsche Spaziergänger XXS” team won the 41st SOLA relay race on 17 May 2014. They reached the finish line in 6:54:20 hours, less than a minute ahead of second-placed team TV Oerlikon 1, to claim the coveted Dala horse prize. dual careers and integration worknoemail@noemail.orgAlice WernerHow can universities improve their services for internationally mobile researchers? This is the subject to be addressed by an international conference at ETH Zurich at the beginning of June. ETH has been supporting dual careers for researchers for 15 years now. contrast improves mammographynoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggPhase contrast X-ray imaging has enabled researchers at ETH Zurich, the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) and the Kantonsspital Baden to perform mammographic imaging that allows greater precision in the assessment of breast cancer and its precursors. The technique could improve biopsy diagnostics and follow-up. resilient is renewable electricity generation?noemail@noemail.orgDr. Johan Lilliestam, ETH ZürichEurope is expanding renewable electricity at a slow but steady pace. If we want to become independent of fossil fuels and nuclear power, these new electricity sources must be reliable, also in the face of weather extremes and a changing climate. marriage between physics and neurosciencenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggThis year’s Richard R. Ernst Lecture will be given by Kâmil Uğurbil, professor of radiology, neuroscience and medicine at the University of Minnesota. The physicist works with ultra-powerful magnets, which he uses to pursue his ambitious goal of mapping the brain in a way similar to the Human Genome Project. 2.0 with adaptive softwarenoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggThe internet is a great learning tool, which is why ETH Zurich is currently developing and evaluating several web learning platforms. These include adaptive learning programs, apps and globally available video lectures. quality from a multidimensional viewnoemail@noemail.orgAngelika JacobsUniversities love to boast of their success in university rankings, but reducing the quality of an institution to a single ranking position does not do justice to the richness of the education and research landscape. U-Multirank is a new tool that aims to remedy this with its unique ‘multidimensional’ comparison of higher education institutions. Urs Hugentobler from Finance and Controlling at ETH Zurich explains how. ist einfacher als man denkt!noemail@noemail.orgDr. Dominik Brem, ETH ZürichOft sind wir schon sensibilisiert – doch bei der Umsetzung hapert es noch: Energie sparen im Arbeitsalltag wäre eigentlich ganz leicht, würde man es nur tun. Meistens fehlt der konkrete Anreiz. Mit dem akutellen Wettbewerb «Energy Efficiency Challenge» versuchen wir auf spielerische Art, zum Handeln anzustossen. more power to drive research noemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliOn Monday, ETH has inaugurated the new Euler high-performance computer at the CSCS data center in Lugano, offering researchers extra processing power and flexibility to evaluate data and run complex simulations. Zurich wins the university duelnoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsOver the course of a week, members of ETH Zurich and the University of Zurich competed in a sporting duel. ETH Zurich led the contest from the very first day and claimed overall victory. the current with lava flowsnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggPrimeval lava flows formed the massive canyons and gorge systems on Mars. Water, by contrast, was far too scarce on the red planet to have cut these gigantic valleys into the landscape. This is the conclusion of several years of study by ETH geoscientist Giovanni Leone. Springman to become Rector of ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgNorbert StaubOn Thursday 8 May 2014, the Professors’ Conference at ETH Zurich nominated Sarah Springman, Professor of Geotechnical Engineering, to succeed Lino Guzzella as Rector. Ralph Eichler, President of ETH Zurich, supports the wishes of the professors and the ETH Board will now come to a decision on the matter. the frontiers of magnetismnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminThe smallest possible magnets are the size of a single atom. Now scientists have reached the limits of optimisation of the tiny particles: they have created single atom magnets that are as strong and stable as is physically possible for the class of atoms used. evening with bright young talentnoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsScholarship holders from the “Excellence Scholarship &amp; Opportunity Programme” presented their work to their patrons at 2014’s “Meet the Talent” event, while ETH Rector Lino Guzzella thanked donors. visit at ETH Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgMarianne LucienAn experiment in which a scale model of Zürich’s main train station is flooded was at the centre of a visit of Singapore’s President, Tony Tan at ETH Zurich. Ralph Eichler, President ETH Zurich emphasized the importance of the ETH research hub in Singapore and proposed an expansion of the activities in the southeast Asian city-state. most promising start-upsnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchläfliTen companies were honoured on Wednesday as part of the Venture business plan competition at ETH Zurich, with prize winners including the two ETH start-ups rqmicro and Versantis. Novartis CEO Joseph Jimenez encouraged the young entrepreneurs to aim high. Ernährungssicherheit braucht intakte Ökosystemenoemail@noemail.orgDr. Martijn Sonnevelt, ETH ZürichEnde April besuchten Studierende der ETH im Rahmen einer Vorlesung die Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) der Vereinten Nationen an ihrem Hauptsitz in Rom. Dabei beleuchteten die Teilnehmenden das Spannungsfeld zwischen Ernährungssicherheit und Schutz der Ökosysteme, in welchem die globale Landwirtschaft steckt. Energia 2020 – Transformation eines Bergdorfes noemail@noemail.orgProf. Arno Schlüter, ETH ZürichDie Gemeinde Zernez plant, bis zum Jahr 2020 vollständig auf den Einsatz fossiler Energieträger für Heizung und Warmwasser zu verzichten und ihren Elektrizitätsbedarf durch eigene Produktion zu decken. Das Projekt mit dem Titel «Zernez Energia 2020» entstand anlässlich des 100-jährigen Jubiläums des Schweizerischen Nationalparks. Internet of Favourite Thingsnoemail@noemail.orgSamuel SchlaefliETH-Zurich spin-off Qipp uses virtual profiles to connect our favourite objects to the internet. Smartphones enable manufacturers to remain in contact with purchasers throughout a product’s entire lifespan. market on the Hönggerberg campusnoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsOn Thursday there's to be a market with hot food and freshly prepared drinks on the HIL forecourt. Local residents are invited as well as all members of ETH Zurich. yield thanks to a coal waste productnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggBiofuel can be produced from wood, too. The key to this is the suitable pretreatment of the plant parts in order to break up the wood structure. Researchers at the Transport Processes and Reactions Laboratory, ETH Zurich, have found and patented a method of this kind. for adult-onset diabetes decodednoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminResearchers have discovered a key molecule that affects the onset of diabetes. This might help in the earlier detection of the disease and the development of new drugs. stage completed – further obstacles aheadnoemail@noemail.orgMatthias MeierAfter Switzerland's exclusion from the EU education and research programmes, negotiations could now start to move forward again. The aim is to come up with interim solutions for Erasmus+ and Horizon 2020. But foreign minister Didier Burkhalter remains cautious. to enter sports duel against the University of Zurichnoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsThe University of Zurich and ETH are marking the 75th anniversary of the ASVZ with a competition to find out which of the two is more athletic. From 4 to 10 May, entry into the ASVZ sports facilities will be free for all members of ETH. was behind the biggest physics discovery of last year?noemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminThe Wolfgang Pauli Lectures, which will be hosted next week at ETH Zurich, will discuss the discovery of the Higgs particle. Three CERN scientists who were instrumental in the project will explain the work that went into this scientific sensation. from the fins of the tuna fishnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminMichael Triantafyllou is a pioneer in the development of robots inspired by fish and other marine life. The MIT professor will present the Aurel Stodola Lecture this coming Monday in Zurich. hymn to naturenoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsA selection of nature-inspired works of art by Basel-based artist Mireille Gros will go on display in ETH Zurich’s Collection of Prints and Drawings from 7 May to 6 July. aus der Werkstatt: Klimawandel sichtbar gemachtnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Reto Knutti, ETH ZürichDie UNO-Klimaberichte informieren detailliert, sind aber schwer verdaulich. Gibt es eine Nische für multimediale Kommunikation, die Film, Visualisierung und fundierte Information verbindet, so dass Laien Klimaforschung verstehen können? Wir meinen ja. Wir wagen den Spagat zwischen Unterhaltung und Fakten in einem Projekt von Kurzfilmen zur Klimaforschung. duel to mark anniversarynoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggThe Academic Sports Association Zurich (ASVZ) is celebrating its 75th anniversary and is staging a university duel to mark the occasion. In an interview with ETH News ASVZ Director Lorenz Ursprung talks about how the association has grown, what its main focus is today and who will emerge victorious from the duel. entire production path of “solar” kerosene noemail@noemail.orgWith the first ever production of synthesized “solar” jet fuel, the EU-funded SOLAR-JET project has successfully demonstrated the entire production chain for renewable kerosene obtained directly from sunlight, water and carbon dioxide (CO<sub>2</sub> ), therein potentially revolutionizing the future of aviation. This process has also the potential to produce any other type of fuel for transport applications, such as diesel, gasoline or pure hydrogen in a more sustainable way. to jet fuelnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsIn the framework of the EU-project Solarjet, scientists demonstrate for the first time the entire production path to liquid hydrocarbon fuels from water, CO<sub>2</sub> and solar energy. The key technological component is a solar reactor developed at ETH Zurich. wear safety glassesnoemail@noemail.orgLukas LanghartWhen an explosion occurred in an ETH laboratory in 2012, an ETH member was wearing his normal spectacles instead of safety glasses. It was only by great good luck that he escaped without serious eye injuries. sustainable campusesnoemail@noemail.orgMarianne LucienPresidents of ten of the world’s leading research universities talked about how research institutions both influence and bring value to society. One way that the IARU member universities have contributed value in their regions is through the IARU Sustainable Campus Initiative. Erde als Werkstoff (Teil 2)noemail@noemail.orgProf. Dirk Hebel, Singapore-ETH CentreLehmhaltige Erde ist weltweit verfügbar, billig und daher ein ideales Baumaterial insbesondere für Länder der Dritten Welt. Dort aber gilt das Material als rückständig und unmodern. Dieser Ruf verhinderte bis anhin, dass lehmbasierte Bautechniken in diesen Gebieten weiterentwickelt werden und so neues Wissen entstehen kann. Zurich strengthens its social media presencenoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsETH Zurich steps up its activities on social media platforms and complements its existing channels with its first official appearance on Facebook and Google+. olive oil from counterfeitersnoemail@noemail.orgBarbara VonarburgWho guarantees that expensive olive oil isn't counterfeit or adulterated? An invisible label, developed by ETH researchers, could perform this task. The tag consists of tiny magnetic DNA particles encapsulated in a silica casing and mixed with the oil. Box offers protection from theftnoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsA new shelter for bikes on the ETH Zurich Hönggerberg campus gives ETH students and staff the option of hiring a secure parking place. This provides better protection for expensive bikes. Tweetingnoemail@noemail.orgAngelika JacobsToday women take an active part in public life. Without a doubt, they also converse with other women. In fact, they even talk to each other about other things besides men. As banal as it sounds, this is far from being the norm in Hollywood movies. The same goes for Twitter, as a new study shows. of 2013noemail@noemail.orgKarin KoechleThe new annual report of ETH Zurich has just been published. As always, it provides an overview of the milestones reached during the financial year, along with facts and figures on teaching, staff, finance, research and the environment. Erde als Werkstoff (Teil 1)noemail@noemail.orgProf. Dirk Hebel, Singapore-ETH CentreGemäss UNESCO wohnen weltweit ca. 40 Prozent aller Menschen in Bauten aus lehmhaltiger Erde oder erdverbundenen Materialien. Erstaunlich ist, dass dieser Werkstoff trotz einer Jahrtausende alten Verarbeitungstradition und niedrigsten Preisen vor allem in Entwicklungsländern einen sehr negativen Ruf hat, obwohl er sich hervorragend für die Bauindustrie eignet. feasible membrane producednoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminA new nano-membrane made out of the “super material” graphene is extremely light and breathable. Not only can this open the door to a new generation of functional waterproof clothing, but also to ultra-rapid filtration. The membrane produced by the researchers at ETH Zurich is as thin as is technologically possible. Forces for Integrated, Sustainable Citiesnoemail@noemail.orgAlfredo Brillembourg, Hubert Klumpner, ETH ZürichIn late March, our Chair of Architecture and Urban Design joined forces with the State Secretariat for Economic Affairs to bring global actors in urban development to ETH Zürich for a roundtable. Reaching out beyond academia, it was a chance for us to explore how together we can devise collaborative solutions to the most pressing urban challenges. waste disposal at ETHnoemail@noemail.orgLukas LanghartSome 100 tonnes of hazardous waste are generated every year at ETH Zurich. But where do all the chemicals and hazardous substances go? A visit to the hazardous waste disposal point in the HCI building. engaged in a balancing actnoemail@noemail.orgFranziska SchmidDo future civil engineers at ETH Zurich really learn what they will need in their working lives? And what will their training look like in future? A panel with representatives of the Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering and industry discussed these topics. Legionella risknoemail@noemail.orgFranziska SchmidToday’s edition of Tages-Anzeiger includes an unspecific report claiming the suspected presence of Legionella at the Hönggerberg campus. The fact is that the only part of the campus affected was the HPL building. The building has now been given the all clear. The problem was dealt with immediately and, as a result, the emergency precautionary measures put in place have now been lifted. Einigung in der Klimapolitik?noemail@noemail.orgProf. Lucas Bretschger, ETH ZürichDer fünfte Bericht der Arbeitsgruppe III des IPCC verdeutlicht, dass wir uns in der gesellschaftlichen Bewertung des Klimawandels noch nicht einig sind. Der Bericht enthält viele Folgerungen, die auch in den Grundlagentexten der Umweltökonomie stehen. Warum ist es nötig, sich noch einmal darüber zu einigen? Warum herrscht wenig Konsens in Bezug auf die Klimapolitik? interest in SNSF “Emergency solutions”noemail@noemail.orgMatthias MeierThe Swiss National Science Foundation’s temporary solutions aim to limit the damage after Switzerland’s exclusion from the EU’s research programmes. Switzerland’s full association with Horizon 2020 nevertheless continues to be the top objective of the Federal Council. the wheels of changenoemail@noemail.orgProf. Anthony Patt, ETH ZürichThe IPCC has released the final installment of its three-volume report. The Working Group III component covers the technical, economic, and practical aspects of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The report offers three broad messages, which together paint a discouraging picture of the present, but offer room to hope for the future. traumanoemail@noemail.orgExtreme and traumatic events can change a person – and often, years later, even affect their children. Researchers of the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich have now unmasked a piece in the puzzle of how the inheritance of traumas may be mediated. network at the push of a buttonnoemail@noemail.orgAlice WernerStudying abroad? Using international research contacts or planning a sabbatical? The International Knowledge Base (IKB) provides you with information on ETH Zurich’s international relations at the click of a button. ATM strikes backnoemail@noemail.orgBarbara VonarburgHot foam may soon send criminals running if they damage ATM. ETH researchers have developed a special film that triggers an intense reaction when destroyed. The idea originates from a beetle that uses a gas explosion to fend off attackers. access restricted for up-and-coming researchersnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerResearch periods abroad are a key element of a scientific career. That is why up-and-coming researchers at ETH and the University of Zurich are particularly concerned at present about how they will be able to participate in EU research programmes. result of slow degradationnoemail@noemail.orgFabio BergaminWhy do environmental pollutants accumulate in the cold polar regions? This may not only be due to the fact that many substances are less volatile at low temperatures, as has been long suspected, but also to their extremely slow natural degradation. «Business as usual» ist hochriskantnoemail@noemail.orgKathy Riklin, NationalrätinDie jüngsten Berichte des UN-Klimarats lassen keinen Zweifel daran: der Klimawandel ist real und seine Folgen fatal. Wie gehen wir damit um? Weitermachen wie bisher ist keine Strategie. emit less methane than cows or sheepnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsWhen ruminants digest, they exhale methane. Their contribution to this global greenhouse gas is considerable. So far the assumption had been that camels with similar digestion produce the same amount of the climate-damaging gas. However, researchers have now shown camels release less methane than ruminants. Day for Safety and Health at Work noemail@noemail.orgLukas Langhart«The Use of Chemicals at Work» is this year’s motto of the World Day of Safety and Health at Work on 28 April. The use of chemicals is a also a major topic at ETH. promotes longevity by mimicking a low-carb dietnoemail@noemail.orgThe widely used food supplement glucosamine promotes longevity in ageing mice by approximately 10% due to improved glucose metabolism. Michael Ristow, a professor at ETH Zurich, and his team find that the compound does so “by mimicking a low-carb diet in elderly mice reflecting human retirees”. go for goalnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggStudents from ETH Zurich made their debut at the Standard Platform League’s Robocup, a football championship for robots, this year. Their “dwarves” put in a solid performance. Folgen des Klimawandels sind allgegenwärtignoemail@noemail.orgProf. Andreas Fischlin, ETH ZürichDie Auswirkungen des Klimawandels sind nicht bloss eine Angelegenheit der fernen Zukunft, sondern sind schon heute überall auf der Welt nachweisbar. Dies ist eine Kernaussage des neuen Sachstandsberichts der Arbeitsgruppe II des IPCC. website takes silvernoemail@noemail.orgAndrea SchmitsThe Best of Swiss Web Awards were bestowed last night in Zurich’s Kongresshaus for the 14th time. ETH Zurich won silver for its web relaunch. controls progression of HIV infectionnoemail@noemail.orgPeter RüeggA research team has discovered that the HI virus itself determines the host viral load to a surprisingly high degree. This has a major impact on the development of HIV infections into AIDS. In an interview with ETH News the infection researchers Sebastian Bonhoeffer and Gabriel Levanthal describe how they came to this realisation and what conclusions they draw from it. new paradigm for climate adaptationnoemail@noemail.orgProf. Anthony Patt, ETH ZürichThe Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has just released the Fifth Assessment Report of Working Group II, covering climate impacts and adaptation. Whereas the impacts have received a lot of attention in the international press, less is being said about the findings on adaptation strategies. starts in the mindnoemail@noemail.orgFlorian MeyerAnyone wanting to work safely at ETH must pay attention to a couple of things: life – the magazine for the ETH community sheds light on the subject of safety in the laboratory in its latest issue. The focus is on the Safety Parcours. parking for tomorrow’s vehiclesnoemail@noemail.orgFrom the editorsElectric vehicles that are able to park and charge themselves could contribute to sustainable mobility in the future. In an EU-funded research project coordinated by ETH Zurich, scientists work on new concepts of transportation and low-cost technologies that enable driverless valet parking and charging. excellence on Monte Veritànoemail@noemail.orgRebecca WyssThe “Congressi Stefano Franscini” has been organising successful academic conferences on Monte Verità for 25 years. is there a dark side?noemail@noemail.orgProf. Johan Six, ETH ZürichIn the last 5 years, the term “biochar” has been popping up a lot in the scientific literature and popular press; it is often presented as the “silver bullet” that will solve all problems in agricultural production. But what is it exactly? Are the claimed benefits real? Have the promises come through? steps towards a gender balancenoemail@noemail.orgFlorian Meyer